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FRAMEWORKS: Hosea 1: Prophetic Children


[Preliminary Comment: In this first chapter we are given the historical context of Hosea's prophecies and then we see the three children he has by a wife he was told by God was to be an unfaithful woman [perhaps a prostitute]. He is told to give them prophetic names that would constantly remind the people of Israel what God thought about them. These are words for the northern kingdom]



v.1  The word of the Lord that came to Hosea son of Beeri during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and during the reign of Jeroboam son of Joash king of Israel:


[Notes: The reigns in Judah during which Hosea prophesied:

  •  Uzziah [Azariah] – 790-740BC – 2 Kings 15:1-5
  •  Jotham – 751-732BC – 2 Kings 15:32-38
  •  Ahaz – 732-715BC – 2 Kings 16:1-20
  •  Hezekiah – 715-686BC – 2 Kings 18-20

It was also during the reign of Jeroboam II – 2 Kings 14:23-29 – who reigned for 41 years 782/81-753 in Israel, but co-regent previously from 793/92]



v.2-5 Hosea marries & has Jezreel (punishment for Jezreel massacre)


v.2  [Command] When the Lord began to speak through Hosea, the Lord said to him, ‘Go, marry a promiscuous woman and have children with her, [Reason] for like an adulterous wife this land is guilty of unfaithfulness to the Lord.'

v.3   [Obedience] So he married Gomer daughter of Diblaim, and she conceived and bore him a son.

v.4  Then the Lord said to Hosea, [Command & Message] ‘Call him Jezreel, because I will soon punish the house of Jehu for the massacre at Jezreel, and I will put an end to the kingdom of Israel.

v.5  In that day I will break Israel's bow in the Valley of Jezreel.'


[Notes: The prophet is instructed by God to marry a promiscuous woman and have children with her as a picture of what it had been like with Him having a wife like Israel [v.2]. So he does and has a son [v.3]. He is to name him Jezreel because God is going to punish Israel for Jehu's massacre at Jezreel – see 2 Kings 9:24 on [which as much as this had been punishment on unrighteous rulers, was done in a godless, unrighteous attitude], and so now He will bring an end to them [v.4].]



v.6,7 Hosea has Lo-Ruhamah (not loved)


v.6  Gomer conceived again and gave birth to a daughter. Then the Lord said to Hosea, ‘Call her Lo-Ruhamah (which means “not loved”), for I will no longer show love to Israel, that I should at all forgive them.

v.7  Yet I will show love to Judah; and I will save them – not by bow, sword or battle, or by horses and horsemen, but I, the Lord their God, will save them.'


[Notes: His wife then has a daughter he has to prophetically name ‘not loved' because the Lord has withdrawn His love from rebellious Israel who He will not forgive because of how far they have gone from Him [v.8]. He will however bless Judah [v.7].]



v.8-11 Hosea has Lo Ammi (not my people)


v.8  After she had weaned Lo-Ruhamah, Gomer had another son.

v.9  Then the Lord said, ‘Call him Lo-Ammi (which means “not my people”), for you are not my people, and I am not your God.

v.10  ‘Yet the Israelites will be like the sand on the seashore, which cannot be measured or counted. In the place where it was said to them, “You are not my people”, they will be called “children of the living God”.

v.11  The people of Judah and the people of Israel will come together; they will appoint one leader and will come up out of the land, for great will be the day of Jezreel.


[Notes: His wife then has a second son [v.8] that he is to call “not my people” because Israel [northern kingdom] had forsaken the Lord so He had forsaken them and can no longer call them His people [v.9]. And yet, reminiscent of early promises to Abraham [Gen 22:17], He promises that Israel will yet become many people known as children of God [v.10], an amazing hope of restoration. But it will not end there for BOTH Judah AND Israel will one day be brought back together to be one [v.11]. Remarkable!]



Continue to Chapter 2