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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Genesis

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FRAMEWORKS: Genesis 2: Creation – focused on Eden, Adam & Eve

 

v.1-3 The Seventh Day

 

v.1 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in all their vast array.

v.2 By the seventh day God had finished the work he had been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work.

v.3 Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it he rested from all the work of creating that he had done.

 

[Note: ‘rested' in v.2 simply means ceased because the work was finished (& God does not get tired – see, for example, Isa 40:29, Psa 121:2,4). ‘Holy' in v.3 means utterly different (He's not working!), special and distinct.]

 

v.4-8 Adam

 

v.4 This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created, when the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.

v.5,6 Now no shrub had yet appeared on the earth and no plant had yet sprung up, for the Lord God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no one to work the ground, but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground.

v.7 Then the Lord God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.

v.8 Now the Lord God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed.

 

(Note: this second perspective, not seeking to repeat the detail of chapter 1 of how the earth came into being, now emphasizes:

i) the earth was no accident but designed and created by God (v.4), yet

ii) it conforms it was brought into being in phases (as chapter 1 and as evolution also suggests) - v.5,6 no plant life, then rain, then plant life [inferred] then mankind.

iii) evolution postulates that man is the end result of a long chain that starts out as chemicals [dust] of the early earth, so the shorthand of v.7 fits that hypothesis.

iv) the area known as Eden, which will shortly be revealed as ‘the cradle of civilisation' or Mesopotamia was a flourishing area for man to develop. The apparent history of homo-sapiens does not conflict with this account if, at some point, God intervened by creating a soul and spirit into the existing beings.

v) The history of Genesis while clearly not seeking to dot every ‘I' or cross every ‘T' focuses on a particular flow of mankind that eventually sub-divides and focuses on the Hebrews out of whom come Abram and the chosen line for Israel.]

 

v.9-14 The Garden of Eden

 

v.9 The Lord God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

v.10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden; from there it was separated into four headwaters.

v.11 The name of the first is the Pishon; it winds through the entire land of Havilah, where there is gold.

v.12 (The gold of that land is good; aromatic resin and onyx are also there.)

v.13 The name of the second river is the Gihon; it winds through the entire land of Cush.

v.14 The name of the third river is the Tigris; it runs along the east side of Ashur. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

 

[Notes: Trees grow and fruit produced. Of the four rivers mentioned, the Tigris and the Euphrates are clearly known as Mesopotamia. The two trees specifically referred to in v.9b are designated not by tree nomenclature but by role or function in what follows.]

 

 

v.15-17 God's Instructions to Adam

 

v.15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it.

v.16 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;

v.17 but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.”

 

[Notes: We should note the following instructions given to Adam:

•  to work and take care of the garden i.e. a specific trainee role v.15

•  free to eat from any of the many trees in the garden v.16

•  EXCEPT from the one tree designated (v.17) the tree that would bring the knowledge of good and evil. As it was forbidden, obviously if he took from it he would know what evil meant – disobedience and guilt – and death.

•  the meaning of ‘death' is not spelled out but it would certainly mean death to the trusting relationship with God. The implication might also be that as long as they did not eat from it and stayed in close contact with God, they would experience eternal life, and that would be lost in disobedience and would result eventually in physical death, i.e. an end of the enjoyment of the wonderful world provided for them.]

 

v.18-20 Seeking for a Helper for Adam

 

v.18 The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a helper suitable for him.”

v.19 Now the Lord God had formed out of the ground all the wild animals and all the birds in the sky. He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name.

v.20 So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals. But for Adam no suitable helper was found.

 

[Notes: In retrospect it seems a bit pointless in lining up all the other creatures to see of they would be able to help Adam in the garden, but it clearly makes the point, animals cannot be controllers (rulers) of the earth. There is also the implication that Adam was not up to the task on his own. He needed the woman. He Adam had the role of gardener-caretaker but Eve would have the task of enabling him to achieve that task. The so-called ‘creation mandate of 1:28 was God blessed them and said to them , “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. It was something they were to do together, a partnership. Only together could they ‘fill the earth', and only together could they ‘subdue it'.]

 

v.21-25 Eve

 

v.21 So the Lord God caused the man to fall into a deep sleep; and while he was sleeping, he took one of the man's ribs and then closed up the place with flesh.

v.22 Then the Lord God made a woman from the rib he had taken out of the man, and he brought her to the man.

v.23 The man said, “This is now bone of my bones   and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called ‘woman,'   for she was taken out of man.”

v.24 That is why a man leaves his father and mother and is united to his wife, and they become one flesh.

v.25 Adam and his wife were both naked, and they felt no shame.

 

[Notes 1: Origins: In prophecy and biblical teaching, picture language is often used to portray a truth. Whatever the truth behind v.21,22, the point is that they were together from one source – Adam from the basic building blocks of life and Eve following him, part of him. if there is any tendency towards pride, these origins are humbling: “You're from dust.” “Yes, but you're just part of me.” Both special creations with a purpose, together to populate the earth and together to rule over it.

   

Notes 2: One flesh: If we have a main problem with evolution it is sex. It is impossible to imagine how one creature, however far back in the evolutionary flow could formulate opposite means of procreating, that necessitated the two of them coming together to each produce the opposite part of what was needed to create an embryo.

    

Notes 3: Naked and shameless: Up until the point of their disobedience they had no self-awareness that was negative. It was only when they sinned and felt guilty that that was accompanied by self-awareness and a need to cover up. Prior to their disobedience they were totally at ease with each other, with the world and with God. Disobedience changed all three things.]

  

Continue to Chapter 3