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FRAMEWORKS: Paul's letter to the Galatians

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Frameworks: Galatians 2


v.1-10 Paul accepted by the Jerusalem apostles
v.11-21 Yet Paul had to oppose Cephas (Peter)


[Chapter Synopsis: Paul explains how years later he went to Jerusalem and obtained the approval of the church leaders of his preaching. A while later Peter had gone to Antioch but had to be confronted by Paul for being two-faced over the way he behaved before the different groups.]



v.1-10 Paul accepted by the Jerusalem apostles


[Passage Synopsis: A long while later he went to Jerusalem explaining what he preached to the Gentiles and the leaders there accepted that.]


v.1 (14 years later he returned to Jerusalem with two others) Then after fourteen years, I went up again to Jerusalem, this time with Barnabas. I took Titus along also.

v.2  (God led me and I shared with the leaders what I shared with the Gentiles, to ensure I was on the right track) I went in response to a revelation and, meeting privately with those esteemed as leaders, I presented to them the gospel that I preach among the Gentiles. I wanted to be sure I was not running and had not been running my race in vain.

v.3 (but circumcision didn't come into it) Yet not even Titus, who was with me, was compelled to be circumcised, even though he was a Greek.

v.4 (it only arose because some Jews, not Christians, spied on us) This matter arose because some false believers had infiltrated our ranks to spy on the freedom we have in Christ Jesus and to make us slaves.

v.5 (we held off their accusations on your behalf) We did not give in to them for a moment, so that the truth of the gospel might be preserved for you.

v.6 (the church leaders in Jerusalem added nothing to my message) As for those who were held in high esteem—whatever they were makes no difference to me; God does not show favoritism—they added nothing to my message.

v.7 (but recognised my calling to the Gentiles) On the contrary, they recognized that I had been entrusted with the task of preaching the gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been to the circumcised.

v. 8 (Peter & I had complementary callings) For God, who was at work in Peter as an apostle to the circumcised, was also at work in me as an apostle to the Gentiles.

v.9 (the leaders there accepted my ministry) James, Cephas and John, those esteemed as pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me. They agreed that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the circumcised.

v.10 (they just asked we should care for the poor) All they asked was that we should continue to remember the poor, the very thing I had been eager to do all along.



v.11-21 Yet Paul had to oppose Cephas (Peter)


[Passage Synopsis: Later Peter came to Antioch but appeared two-faced and was confronted by Paul.]


v.11 (Yet when Peter came to us at Antioch I had cause to rebuke him) When Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he stood condemned.

v.12 (because initially he ate with Gentiles but then withdrew when the Jews majoring on circumcision turned up) For before certain men came from James, he used to eat with the Gentiles. But when they arrived, he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision group.

v.13 (the other Jewish Christians also drew back) The other Jews joined him in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas was led astray.

v.14 (I confronted Cephas before them) When I saw that they were not acting in line with the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas in front of them all, “You are a Jew, yet you live like a Gentile and not like a Jew. How is it, then, that you force Gentiles to follow Jewish customs?

v.15-17 (I pointed out that we realise you cannot be justified by the Law but only by faith in Christ) “We who are Jews by birth and not sinful Gentiles know that a person is not justified by the works of the law, but by faith in Jesus Christ. So we, too, have put our faith in Christ Jesus that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no one will be justified. “But if, in seeking to be justified in Christ, we Jews find ourselves also among the sinners, doesn't that mean that Christ promotes sin? Absolutely not!

v.18 (if I went back to what I had been I would become a lawbreaker) If I rebuild what I destroyed, then I really would be a lawbreaker.

v.19 (the law made me die and drove me to God) “For through the law I died to the law so that I might live for God.

v.20 (so I consider I have died [to the old life] and now it is Christ who lives in me, a life of faith in Christ) I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.

v.21 (I hold on to grace otherwise Christ died for nothing) I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness could be gained through the law, Christ died for nothing!”


Continue to Chapter 3