Ezekiel 45: Sacred
areas, honesty & justice and sacrificial worship
Comments: Moving on from referring to the new priesthood,
this chapter first shows what appears to be a block of land, presumably
stretching across the centre of the Land, seven miles wide and
divided into a number of parts that are largely about worship,
with only a small part given over as the city of the ordinary
people, but then with large areas ‘either side' that are to be
owned by ‘the prince' or ruler. Part two challenges the ruler
to be just and honest and then lays out more on sacrificial worship.]
ONE: v.1-8: Sacred Land division
you allot the land as an inheritance, you are to present to the
Lord a portion of the land as a sacred district,
25,000 cubits long [roughly 7
miles] and 20,000cubits wide
[roughly 6 miles] ;
the entire area will be holy.
this, a section 500 cubits [750
feet] square is to be for the
sanctuary, with 50 cubits [75 feet buffer]
around it for open land.
the sacred district, measure off a section 25,000 cubits long
and 10,000 cubits wide [7x3 miles].
In it will be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place.
will be the sacred portion of the land for the priests, who minister
in the sanctuary and who draw near to minister before the Lord
. It will be a place for their houses as well as a holy place
for the sanctuary.
area 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 cubits wide will belong to
the Levites, who serve in the temple, as their possession for
towns to live in.
are to give the city as its property an area 5,000 cubits wide
and 25,000 cubits long, adjoining the sacred portion; it will
belong to all Israel.
block of land, 7 by 6 miles is to be the sacred district [v.1],
within which is a) the sanctuary surrounded by a buffer strip
[v.2] and also b) a 3 mile strip is to be ‘the holy sanctuary'
for ministry and living quarters for the priests [v.3,4]. Another
7x3 mile strip alongside is for the Levites [v.5] and then another
strip for the city alongside 7x 1½ miles.]
The king (prince) will have land either side, not to burden the
prince will have the land bordering each side of the area formed
by the sacred district and the property of the city. It will extend
westward from the west side and eastward from the east side, running
lengthwise from the western to the eastern border parallel to
one of the tribal portions.
land will be his possession in Israel. And my princes will no
longer oppress my people but will allow the people of Israel to
possess the land according to their tribes.
above layout means the ruler will have land distinct from the
people so as not to ever be able to oppress them.]
TWO: v.9-25: A call to righteous rule and re-establishing of sacrificial
A present call to rulers of Israel to be honest and just
is what the Sovereign Lord says: you have gone far enough, princes
of Israel! Give up your violence and oppression and do what is
just and right. Stop dispossessing my people, declares the Sovereign
are to use accurate scales, an accurate ephah and an accurate
ephah and the bath are to be the same size, the bath containing
a tenth of a homer and the ephah a tenth of a homer; the homer
is to be the standard measure for both.
shekel is to consist of twenty gerahs. Twenty shekels plus twenty-five
shekels plus fifteen shekels equal one mina.
is the special gift you are to offer: a sixth of an ephah from
each homer of wheat and a sixth of an ephah from each homer of
prescribed portion of olive oil, measured by the bath, is a tenth
of a bath from each cor (which consists of ten baths or one homer,
for ten baths are equivalent to a homer).
all the descriptions there is this exhortation [v.9] against the
past bad behaviour of Israel's rulers and demanding they be those
who ensure justice and honesty and fairness are maintained for
the people of God.]
A call to re-establish the sacrifices, offerings and feasts
one sheep is to be taken from every flock of two hundred from
the well-watered pastures of Israel. These will be used for the
grain offerings, burnt offerings and fellowship offerings to make
atonement for the people, declares the Sovereign Lord.
the people of the land will be required to give this special offering
to the prince in Israel.
will be the duty of the prince to provide the burnt offerings,
grain offerings and drink offerings at the festivals, the New
Moons and the Sabbaths – at all the appointed festivals of
Israel. He will provide the sin offerings, grain offerings, burnt
offerings and fellowship offerings to make atonement for the Israelites.
is what the Sovereign Lord says: in the first month on the
first day you are to take a young bull without defect and purify
priest is to take some of the blood of the sin offering and put
it on the doorposts of the temple, on the four corners of the
upper ledge of the altar and on the gateposts of the inner court.
are to do the same on the seventh day of the month for anyone
who sins unintentionally or through ignorance; so you are to make
atonement for the temple.
the first month on the fourteenth day you are to observe the Passover,
a festival lasting seven days, during which you shall eat bread
made without yeast.
that day the prince is to provide a bull as a sin offering for
himself and for all the people of the land.
day during the seven days of the Festival he is to provide seven
bulls and seven rams without defect as a burnt offering to the
Lord , and a male goat for a sin offering.
is to provide as a grain offering an ephah for each bull and an
ephah for each ram, along with a hin of olive oil for each ephah.
the seven days of the Festival, which begins in the seventh month
on the fifteenth day, he is to make the same provision for sin
offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and oil.
to Chapter 46