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FRAMEWORKS: Ezekiel 28: Prophecy against the king of Tyre (Satan) & against Sidon


[Preliminary Comment: The chapter falls into three distinct parts:

Part 1: v.1-10: The pride of the king of Tyre and the judgment on him

Part 2: v.11-19: Satan's fall revealed as a parallel

Part 3: v.20-26: A prophecy against Sidon

Tyre & Sidon were often linked in Scripture – see Jesus' comments in Lk 10:13,14]



PART ONE: v.1-10: The pride of the king of Tyre and the judgment on him


v.1,2 The focus is now on the king of Tyre and his pride


v. 1   The word of the Lord came to me :

v. 2  ‘Son of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, “This is what the Sovereign Lord says:

‘“In the pride of your heart
     you say, ‘I am a god;
I sit on the throne of a god
    in the heart of the seas.'

[Notes: The heart of these three chapters is now revealed, the pride that so often accompanies great success.]



v.2b-5 Yes he has certainly achieved a lot, but not as clever as he thinks he is


But you are a mere mortal and not a god,
    though you think you are as wise as a god.
v.3  Are you wiser than Daniel?
    Is no secret hidden from you?
v.4  By your wisdom and understanding
    you have gained wealth for yourself
and amassed gold and silver
    in your treasuries.
v.5  By your great skill in trading
    you have increased your wealth,
and because of your wealth
    your heart has grown proud.


[Notes: He has thought much of himself and allowed himself to be deceived by all he has managed to achieve.]



v.6-10 For this he will be brought down my a mighty invader


v.6  ‘“Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says:

‘“Because you think you are wise,
    as wise as a god,
v.I am going to bring foreigners against you,
    the most ruthless of nations;
they will draw their swords against your beauty and wisdom
    and pierce your shining splendour.
v.8  They will bring you down to the pit,
    and you will die a violent death
    in the heart of the seas.
v.9  Will you then say, ‘I am a god,'
    in the presence of those who kill you?
You will be but a mortal, not a god,
    in the hands of those who slay you.
v.10  You will die the death of the uncircumcised
    at the hands of foreigners.

I have spoken, declares the Sovereign Lord.”'


[Notes: The greatness we achieve and which we use to bolster our pride, lasts only until we are confronted by one greater than us. He will die at the hands of one much stronger than himself.]



PART TWO: v.11-19: Satan's fall revealed as a parallel


v.11-19 The king of Tyre reflects the beauty and fall of Satan


v.11   The word of the Lord came to me:

v.12  ‘Son of man, take up a lament concerning the king of Tyre and say to him: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says:

‘“You were the seal of perfection,
    full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
v.13  You were in Eden,
    the garden of God;
every precious stone adorned you:
    carnelian, chrysolite and emerald,
    topaz, onyx and jasper,
    lapis lazuli, turquoise and beryl.
Your settings and mountings were made of gold;
    on the day you were created they were prepared.
v.14  You were anointed as a guardian cherub,
    for so I ordained you.
You were on the holy mount of God;
    you walked among the fiery stones.
v.15  You were blameless in your ways
    from the day you were created
    till wickedness was found in you.
v.16  Through your widespread trade
    you were filled with violence,
    and you sinned.
So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God,
    and I expelled you, guardian cherub,
    from among the fiery stones.
v.17  Your heart became proud
    on account of your beauty,
and you corrupted your wisdom
    because of your splendour.
So I threw you to the earth;
    I made a spectacle of you before kings.
v.18  By your many sins and dishonest trade
    you have desecrated your sanctuaries.
So I made a fire come out from you,
    and it consumed you,
and I reduced you to ashes on the ground
    in the sight of all who were watching.
v.19  All the nations who knew you
    are appalled at you;
you have come to a horrible end
    and will be no more.”'


[Notes: The descriptions found in this passage go beyond anything that could possibly be applied to this earthly king. In fact the descriptions perfectly describe Satan, a beautiful fallen angel who appeared disguised as a snake in the garden of Eden, where he revealed his pride in respect of all he had been made, and turned against God – and was held accountable.]



PART THREE: v.20-26: A prophecy against Sidon


v.20-24 Sidon spoken against for their maliciousness


v.20  The word of the Lord came to me :

v.21  ‘Son of man, set your face against Sidon; prophesy against her

v.22  and say: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says:

‘“I am against you, Sidon,
    and among you I will display my glory.
You will know that I am the Lord,
    when I inflict punishment on you
    and within you am proved to be holy.
v.23  I will send a plague upon you
    and make blood flow in your streets.
The slain will fall within you,
    with the sword against you on every side.
Then you will know that I am the Lord.

v.24 ‘“No longer will the people of Israel have malicious neighbours who are painful briers and sharp thorns. Then they will know that I am the Sovereign Lord.


[Notes: Tyre & Sidon were often linked in Scripture – see Jesus' comments in Lk 10:13,14 and so now it is Sidon's turn to face censure for their bad attitudes towards Israel. It is a much lesser condemnation than that received by Tyre.]



v.25,26 God's bigger intent: Israel will eventually be restored


v.25  ‘“ This is what the Sovereign Lord says: when I gather the people of Israel from the nations where they have been scattered, I will be proved holy through them in the sight of the nations. Then they will live in their own land, which I gave to my servant Jacob.

v.26  They will live there in safety and will build houses and plant vineyards; they will live in safety when I inflict punishment on all their neighbours who maligned them. Then they will know that I am the Lord their God.”'


[Notes: There is an implication here that although Sidon will be [terminally – see v.23,24] punished, the punishment that Israel are receiving is to bring them to their senses after which they will be returned to their own land.]



Continue to Chapter 29