Ezekiel 28: Prophecy
against the king of Tyre (Satan) & against Sidon
Comment: The chapter falls into three distinct parts:
1: v.1-10: The pride of
the king of Tyre and the judgment on him
2: v.11-19: Satan's fall revealed as a parallel
3: v.20-26: A prophecy against
& Sidon were often linked in Scripture – see Jesus' comments
in Lk 10:13,14]
ONE: v.1-10: The pride of the king of Tyre and the judgment on
The focus is now on the king of Tyre and his pride
The word of
the Lord came to me :
of man, say to the ruler of Tyre, “This is what
the Sovereign Lord says:
the pride of your heart
you say, ‘I am a god;
I sit on the throne of a god
in the heart of the seas.'
heart of these three chapters is now revealed, the pride that
so often accompanies great success.]
Yes he has certainly achieved a lot, but not as clever as he thinks
you are a mere mortal and not a god,
though you think you are as wise as a
you wiser than Daniel?
Is no secret hidden from you?
your wisdom and understanding
you have gained wealth for yourself
and amassed gold and silver
in your treasuries.
your great skill in trading
you have increased your wealth,
and because of your wealth
your heart has grown proud.
has thought much of himself and allowed himself to be deceived
by all he has managed to achieve.]
For this he will be brought down my a mighty invader
this is what the Sovereign Lord says:
you think you are wise,
as wise as a god,
am going to bring foreigners against you,
the most ruthless of nations;
they will draw their swords against your beauty and wisdom
and pierce your shining splendour.
will bring you down to the pit,
and you will die a violent death
in the heart of the seas.
you then say, ‘I am a god,'
in the presence of those who kill you?
You will be but a mortal, not a god,
in the hands of those who slay you.
will die the death of the uncircumcised
at the hands of foreigners.
have spoken, declares the Sovereign Lord.”'
greatness we achieve and which we use to bolster our pride, lasts
only until we are confronted by one greater than us. He will die
at the hands of one much stronger than himself.]
TWO: v.11-19: Satan's fall revealed as a parallel
The king of Tyre reflects the beauty and fall of Satan
The word of
the Lord came to me:
of man, take up a lament concerning the king of Tyre and say to
him: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says:
were the seal of perfection,
full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
were in Eden,
the garden of God;
every precious stone adorned you:
carnelian, chrysolite and emerald,
topaz, onyx and jasper,
lapis lazuli, turquoise and beryl.
Your settings and mountings were made of gold;
on the day you were created they were
were anointed as a guardian cherub,
for so I ordained you.
You were on the holy mount of God;
you walked among the fiery stones.
were blameless in your ways
from the day you were created
till wickedness was found in you.
your widespread trade
you were filled with violence,
and you sinned.
So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God,
and I expelled you, guardian cherub,
from among the fiery stones.
heart became proud
on account of your beauty,
and you corrupted your wisdom
because of your splendour.
So I threw you to the earth;
I made a spectacle of you before kings.
your many sins and dishonest trade
you have desecrated your sanctuaries.
So I made a fire come out from you,
and it consumed you,
and I reduced you to ashes on the ground
in the sight of all who were watching.
the nations who knew you
are appalled at you;
you have come to a horrible end
and will be no more.”'
descriptions found in this passage go beyond anything that could
possibly be applied to this earthly king. In fact the descriptions
perfectly describe Satan, a beautiful fallen angel who appeared
disguised as a snake in the garden of Eden, where he revealed
his pride in respect of all he had been made, and turned against
God – and was held accountable.]
THREE: v.20-26: A
prophecy against Sidon
Sidon spoken against for their maliciousness
word of the Lord came to me :
of man, set your face against Sidon; prophesy against her
say: “This is what the Sovereign Lord says:
am against you, Sidon,
and among you I will display my glory.
You will know that I am the Lord,
when I inflict punishment on you
and within you am proved to be holy.
will send a plague upon you
and make blood flow in your streets.
The slain will fall within you,
with the sword against you on every side.
Then you will know that I am the Lord.
longer will the people of Israel have malicious neighbours who
are painful briers and sharp thorns. Then they will know that
I am the Sovereign Lord.
Tyre & Sidon
were often linked in Scripture – see Jesus' comments in Lk 10:13,14
and so now it is Sidon's turn to face censure for their bad attitudes
towards Israel. It is a much lesser condemnation than that received
God's bigger intent: Israel will eventually be restored
This is what the Sovereign Lord says: when I gather the
people of Israel from the nations where they have been scattered,
I will be proved holy through them in the sight of the nations.
Then they will live in their own land, which I gave to my servant
will live there in safety and will build houses and plant vineyards;
they will live in safety when I inflict punishment on all their
neighbours who maligned them. Then they will know that I am the
Lord their God.”'
is an implication here that although Sidon will be [terminally
– see v.23,24] punished, the punishment that Israel are receiving
is to bring them to their senses after which they will be returned
to their own land.]
to Chapter 29