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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Exodus

(Return to Old Testament Contents)

 

FRAMEWORKS: Exodus 6: The Call is Clarified

 

v.1-5 The Lord reiterates to Moses who He is and what He has done

v.6-9 God instructs Moses what to tell the Israelites

v.10-13 God tells Moses to challenge Pharaoh but Moses questions it

v.14-27 Family Record of Moses and Aaron

v.26-30 Moses & Aaron, the ones called to deliver Israel

 

 

v.1-5 The Lord reiterates to Moses who He is and what He has done

 

v.1 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh: Because of my mighty hand he will let them go; because of my mighty hand he will drive them out of his country.”

v.2 God also said to Moses, “I am the LORD .

v.3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty, but by my name the Lord I did not make myself fully known to them.

v.4 I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, where they resided as foreigners.

v.5 Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are enslaving, and I have remembered my covenant.

 

[Notes: The Lord makes the point that the resistance they have encountered will eventually give way before His power. He is the ‘I AM', the eternal, all-powerful God of Creation after all. He had appeared to the Patriarchs as ‘God Almighty' but had not revealed Himself as He was now doing. He had made a covenant to take Israel back to Canaan and [implied] He will keep that covenant.]

 

 

v.6-9 God instructs Moses what to tell the Israelites

 

v.6 “Therefore, say to the Israelites: ‘I am the LORD , and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.

v.7 I will take you as my own people, and I will be your God. Then you will know that I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians.

v.8 And I will bring you to the land I swore with uplifted hand to give to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob. I will give it to you as a possession. I am the Lord.'”

v.9 Moses reported this to the Israelites, but they did not listen to him because of their discouragement and harsh labor.

 

[Notes: The Lord's next instruction to Moses is to convey something of this to Israel, that He WILL deliver them and it will be by mighty acts of power, and He WILL take them to Canaan, but Israel struggle to believe. Implied in talk of ‘mighty acts of judgment', we might consider this will be necessary to overcome the mighty stubbornness of Pharaoh, but perhaps Moses & Aaron haven't fully understood that yet. This is going to be a God-deliverance, not a Moses-deliverance.]

 

 

v.10-13 God tells Moses to challenge Pharaoh but Moses questions it

 

v.10 Then the LORD said to Moses,

v.11 “Go, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the Israelites go out of his country.”

v.12 But Moses said to the Lord , “If the Israelites will not listen to me, why would Pharaoh listen to me, since I speak with faltering lips?”

v.13 Now the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron about the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he commanded them to bring the Israelites out of Egypt.

 

[Notes: The Lord prompts Moses to challenge Pharaoh again, and now Moses is beginning to understand the impossibility of the task. Before (on Sinai) he expressed his own low self-esteem, but perhaps now he is beginning to understand it will take more than his faltering words to convince Pharaoh because even Israel won't believe him.]

 

 

v.14-27 Family Record of Moses and Aaron

 

v.14 These were the heads of their families:

The sons of Reuben the firstborn son of Israel were Hanok and Pallu, Hezron and Karmi. These were the clans of Reuben.

v.15 The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jakin, Zohar and Shaul the son of a Canaanite woman. These were the clans of Simeon.

v.16 These were the names of the sons of Levi according to their records: Gershon, Kohath and Merari. Levi lived 137 years.

v.17 The sons of Gershon, by clans, were Libni and Shimei.

v.18 The sons of Kohath were Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. Kohath lived 133 years.

v.19 The sons of Merari were Mahli and Mushi. These were the clans of Levi according to their records.

v.20 Amram married his father's sister Jochebed, who bore him Aaron and Moses. Amram lived 137 years.

v.21 The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg and Zikri.

v.22 The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, Elzaphan and Sithri.

v.23 Aaron married Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

v.24 The sons of Korah were Assir, Elkanah and Abiasaph. These were the Korahite clans.

v.25 Eleazar son of Aaron married one of the daughters of Putiel, and she bore him Phinehas. These were the heads of the Levite families, clan by clan.

 

[Notes: It's time to clarify who we are talking about and so the names of all the tribal leaders are reiterated.]

 

 

v.26-30 Moses & Aaron, the ones called to deliver Israel

 

v.26 It was this Aaron and Moses to whom the LORD said, “Bring the Israelites out of Egypt by their divisions.”

v.27 They were the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt about bringing the Israelites out of Egypt—this same Moses and Aaron.

v.28,29 Now when the LORD spoke to Moses in Egypt, he said to him, “I am the LORD. Tell Pharaoh king of Egypt everything I tell you.”

v.30 But Moses said to the LORD, “Since I speak with faltering lips, why would Pharaoh listen to me?”

 

[Notes: “Just for the Record” is how this section feels. Make no mistake, this was the Aaron & Moses called to deliver Israel from Egypt by the Lord. Make no mistake, they will go down in history for this!]

   

    

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