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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Exodus

(Return to Old Testament Contents)

 

FRAMEWORKS: Exodus 14

 

v.1,2 The Lord Leads

v.3-9 Pharaoh Pursues

v.10-12 In Fear the People berate Moses

v.13,14 Moses Reassures them

v.15-18 The Lord lays out His strategy

v.19,20 The Lord Protects Israel

v.21-25 The Lord Parts the Waters & Egypt follow Israel

v.26-31 Pharaoh is Destroyed & Israel delivered

 

 

v.1,2 The Lord Leads

 

v. 1 Then the Lord said to Moses,

v.2 “Tell the Israelites to turn back and encamp near Pi Hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea. They are to encamp by the sea, directly opposite Baal Zephon.

 

[Notes: The Instruction is specific: camp in front of the sea.]

 

 

v.3-9 Pharaoh Pursues

 

v.3 Pharaoh will think, ‘The Israelites are wandering around the land in confusion, hemmed in by the desert.'

v.4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and he will pursue them. But I will gain glory for myself through Pharaoh and all his army, and the Egyptians will know that I am the Lord .” So the Israelites did this.

v.5 When the king of Egypt was told that the people had fled, Pharaoh and his officials changed their minds about them and said, “What have we done? We have let the Israelites go and have lost their services!”

v.6 So he had his chariot made ready and took his army with him.

v.7 He took six hundred of the best chariots, along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.

v.8 The Lord hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, so that he pursued the Israelites, who were marching out boldly.

v.9 The Egyptians—all Pharaoh's horses and chariots, horsemen and troops—pursued the Israelites and overtook them as they camped by the sea near Pi Hahiroth, opposite Baal Zephon.

 

[Notes: The purpose of the command in v.1,2 is so that Pharaoh will think Israel are lost and take the opportunity to pursue them. In this strategy we see a way that God works with the ungodly – He puts a path before them that He knows their sinful outlook will leap at and this will lead to their self-destruction, i.e. self-judgment! It takes the hard heart and prods it, so to speak, by giving it an opportunity it can't help but take. The same was seen in respect of the ungodly authorities planning to kill Jesus – see Acts 2:23 – God knew how they would respond and end up sacrificing the Lamb of God, Jesus.]

 

 

v.10-12 In Fear the People berate Moses

 

v.10 As Pharaoh approached, the Israelites looked up, and there were the Egyptians, marching after them. They were terrified and cried out to the Lord.

v.11 They said to Moses, “Was it because there were no graves in Egypt that you brought us to the desert to die? What have you done to us by bringing us out of Egypt?

v.12 Didn't we say to you in Egypt, ‘Leave us alone; let us serve the Egyptians'? It would have been better for us to serve the Egyptians than to die in the desert!”

 

[Notes: However, from a human point of view, God appears to have led Israel into a trap. They have yet to truly learn that they can trust Him. Time and again we will see they fail to remember the big picture – God's declaration that He will save Israel and take them into the Promised Land – and instead focus on the short term apparent difficulty.]

 

 

v.13,14 Moses Reassures them

 

v.13 Moses answered the people, “Do not be afraid. Stand firm and you will see the deliverance the Lord will bring you today. The Egyptians you see today you will never see again.

v.14 The Lord will fight for you; you need only to be still.”

 

[Notes: Moses, however, has learnt the lesson and trusts the Lord.]

 

 

v.15-18 The Lord lays out His strategy

 

v.15 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Why are you crying out to me? Tell the Israelites to move on.

v.16 Raise your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground.

v.17 I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians so that they will go in after them. And I will gain glory through Pharaoh and all his army, through his chariots and his horsemen.

v.18 The Egyptians will know that I am the Lord when I gain glory through Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen.”

 

[Notes: The Lord shows them the (supernatural) way forward. This WILL be a miracle.]

 

 

v.19,20 The Lord Protects Israel

 

v.19 Then the angel of God, who had been traveling in front of Israel's army, withdrew and went behind them. The pillar of cloud also moved from in front and stood behind them,

v.20 coming between the armies of Egypt and Israel. Throughout the night the cloud brought darkness to the one side and light to the other side; so neither went near the other all night long.

 

[Notes: Wanting to wait until daylight the Lord acts in such a way that the Egyptians cannot see ahead and cannot see Israel until next morning.]

 

 

v.21-25 The Lord Parts the Waters & Egypt follow Israel

 

v.21 Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and all that night the Lord drove the sea back with a strong east wind and turned it into dry land. The waters were divided,

v.22 and the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.

v.23 The Egyptians pursued them, and all Pharaoh's horses and chariots and horsemen followed them into the sea.

v.24 During the last watch of the night the Lord looked down from the pillar of fire and cloud at the Egyptian army and threw it into confusion.

v.25 He jammed the wheels of their chariots so that they had difficulty driving. And the Egyptians said, “Let's get away from the Israelites! The Lord is fighting for them against Egypt.”

 

[Notes: It happens as God said it would – the waters are divided and so Israel pass through. However what is a supernatural pathway for Israel is not a provision for the Egyptians who find the weight of their chariots mean their wheels get bogged down.]

 

 

v.26-31 Pharaoh is Destroyed & Israel delivered

 

v.26 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the sea so that the waters may flow back over the Egyptians and their chariots and horsemen.”

v.27 Moses stretched out his hand over the sea, and at daybreak the sea went back to its place. The Egyptians were fleeing toward it, and the Lord swept them into the sea.

v.28 The water flowed back and covered the chariots and horsemen—the entire army of Pharaoh that had followed the Israelites into the sea. Not one of them survived.

v.29 But the Israelites went through the sea on dry ground, with a wall of water on their right and on their left.

v.30 That day the Lord saved Israel from the hands of the Egyptians, and Israel saw the Egyptians lying dead on the shore.

v.31 And when the Israelites saw the mighty hand of the Lord displayed against the Egyptians, the people feared the Lord and put their trust in him and in Moses his servant.

 

[Notes: That's enough! Let it be seen to be a divine judgment. Moses is to act to let the sea return and so the entire army perishes by drowning. Skeptics who suggest this was a shallow water to be crossed, fail to address the fact of an entire army being drowned here!]

   

    

Continue to Chapter 15