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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Deuteronomy

(Return to Old Testament Contents)



Part 2: Ch.5-11 Moses brings Encouragements

Ch.5 – Reminders of the Ten Commandments

Ch.6 – Remember & Keep the Commands

Ch.7 – Make Sure you Clear the Land

Ch.8 – Helps to Remember the Lord

Ch.9 – Recognise your Vulnerability

Ch.10 – Reassurances

Ch.11 – More Encouragements



FRAMEWORKS: Deuteronomy 9: Recognise your Vulnerability


v.1,2 Face the Competition

v.3 Be assured – God will overcome them

v.4-6 Don't be misled in your thinking why this has happened

v.7-21 A Corrective Reminder: The Golden Calf

v.22-24 Your Ongoing Obstinacy and Rebellion

v.25-29 I had to plead for you on Sinai



v.1,2 Face the Competition


v.1 Hear, Israel: You are now about to cross the Jordan to go in and dispossess nations greater and stronger than you, with large cities that have walls up to the sky.

v.2 The people are strong and tall—Anakites! You know about them and have heard it said: “Who can stand up against the Anakites?”


[Notes: Again and again, in a variety of ways, Moses is reminding them that very shortly they should be entering the Land. Yes, their fathers' generation had pointed out that there were some formidable people there to be overcome. Yes, face the obstacles, don't deny the truth.]



v.3 Be assured – God will overcome them


v.3 But be assured today that the Lord your God is the one who goes across ahead of you like a devouring fire. He will destroy them; he will subdue them before you. And you will drive them out and annihilate them quickly, as the Lord has promised you.


[Notes: But the bigger truth to be held onto is that God is with them and this is as much His battle as yours. He has promised He will deal with them.]



v.4-6 Don't be misled in your thinking why this has happened


v.4 After the Lord your God has driven them out before you, do not say to yourself, “The Lord has brought me here to take possession of this land because of my righteousness.” No, it is on account of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is going to drive them out before you.

v.5 It is not because of your righteousness or your integrity that you are going in to take possession of their land; but on account of the wickedness of these nations, the Lord your God will drive them out before you, to accomplish what he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

v.6 Understand, then, that it is not because of your righteousness that the Lord your God is giving you this good land to possess, for you are a stiff-necked people.


[Notes: Now as much as you be real about facing the opposition, be real about why this is all happening. This is NOT happening because you are a righteous people [your history proves otherwise!] but this is happening because God spoke to Abram about coming back here in four hundred years to deal with [implied] the sin of the inhabitants [Gen 15:16] here, so He's coming to clean up the Land.]



v.7-21 A Corrective Reminder: The Golden Calf


v.7 Every day you've struggled with faith and trust

v.7 Remember this and never forget how you aroused the anger of the Lord your God in the wilderness. From the day you left Egypt until you arrived here, you have been rebellious against the Lord .


v.8-11 At Sinai God gave me the Law on two tablets of stone

v.8 At Horeb you aroused the Lord 's wrath so that he was angry enough to destroy you.

v.9 When I went up on the mountain to receive the tablets of stone, the tablets of the covenant that the Lord had made with you, I stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights; I ate no bread and drank no water.

v.10 The Lord gave me two stone tablets inscribed by the finger of God. On them were all the commandments the Lord proclaimed to you on the mountain out of the fire, on the day of the assembly.

v.11 At the end of the forty days and forty nights, the Lord gave me the two stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant.


v.12-14 You nearly came to destruction over what you did then

v.12 Then the Lord told me, “Go down from here at once, because your people whom you brought out of Egypt have become corrupt. They have turned away quickly from what I commanded them and have made an idol for themselves.”

v.13 And the Lord said to me, “I have seen this people, and they are a stiff-necked people indeed!

v.14 Let me alone, so that I may destroy them and blot out their name from under heaven. And I will make you into a nation stronger and more numerous than they.”


v.15-17 I was so distraught by it I smashed the Law

v.15 So I turned and went down from the mountain while it was ablaze with fire. And the two tablets of the covenant were in my hands.

v.16 When I looked, I saw that you had sinned against the Lord your God; you had made for yourselves an idol cast in the shape of a calf. You had turned aside quickly from the way that the Lord had commanded you.

v. 17 So I took the two tablets and threw them out of my hands, breaking them to pieces before your eyes.

v.18-20 But I prayed and fasted for forty days for you

v.18 Then once again I fell prostrate before the Lord for forty days and forty nights; I ate no bread and drank no water, because of all the sin you had committed, doing what was evil in the Lord 's sight and so arousing his anger.

v.19 I feared the anger and wrath of the Lord , for he was angry enough with you to destroy you. But again the Lord listened to me.

v.20 And the Lord was angry enough with Aaron to destroy him, but at that time I prayed for Aaron too.

v.21 Although He spared you I destroyed that idol

v.21 Also I took that sinful thing of yours, the calf you had made, and burned it in the fire. Then I crushed it and ground it to powder as fine as dust and threw the dust into a stream that flowed down the mountain.


[Notes: Just in case you think you are righteous, let me remind you about your past when, in the middle of me receiving the Law from God you were revelling with a golden calf, idolatry almost before you were a nation! Again and again I had to intercede on your behalf and if I hadn't you probably wouldn't exist now! So righteous? I don't think so!]



v.22-24 Your Ongoing Obstinacy and Rebellion


v.22 You also made the Lord angry at Taberah, at Massah and at Kibroth Hattaavah.

v.23 And when the Lord sent you out from Kadesh Barnea, he said, “Go up and take possession of the land I have given you.” But you rebelled against the command of the Lord your God. You did not trust him or obey him.

v.24 You have been rebellious against the Lord ever since I have known you.


[Notes: Indeed the more you think about it, the more you should remember your track record when you complained wanting meat (Num 11:1-11), when you complained about lack of water [Ex 17:1-7] and when you rebelled when you first came to the Land [Num 13]. One way and another you have demonstrated lack of trust and obedience and a propensity towards rebellion.]



v.25-29 I had to plead for you on Sinai


v.25 I lay prostrate before the Lord those forty days and forty nights because the Lord had said he would destroy you.

v.26 I prayed to the Lord and said, “Sovereign Lord , do not destroy your people, your own inheritance that you redeemed by your great power and brought out of Egypt with a mighty hand.

v.27 Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Overlook the stubbornness of this people, their wickedness and their sin.

v.28 Otherwise, the country from which you brought us will say, ‘Because the Lord was not able to take them into the land he had promised them, and because he hated them, he brought them out to put them to death in the wilderness.'

v.29 But they are your people, your inheritance that you brought out by your great power and your outstretched arm.”


[Notes: Going back to Sinai, can I remind you again that I had to intercede for you over forty days otherwise the truth is you wouldn't be here now, God would have destroyed you [implied and stated elsewhere.]