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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Deuteronomy

(Return to Old Testament Contents)

 

CONTEXT

Part 2: Ch.5-11 Moses brings Encouragements

Ch.5 – Reminders of the Ten Commandments

Ch.6 – Remember & Keep the Commands

Ch.7 – Make Sure you Clear the Land

Ch.8 – Helps to Remember the Lord

Ch.9 – Recognise your Vulnerability

Ch.10 – Reassurances

Ch.11 – More Encouragements

 

 

FRAMEWORKS: Deuteronomy 5: Reminders of the Ten Commandments

 

v.1-5 Moses reminds us how they received the Law

v.6-21 Moses reminds them of the Ten Commandments

v.22-32 A Reminder how those Commands came

v.33 A Call to Obey them

 

 

v.1-5 Moses reminds them how they received the Law

 

v.1   Moses summoned all Israel and said :

Hear, Israel, the decrees and laws I declare in your hearing today. Learn them and be sure to follow them.

v.2 The Lord our God made a covenant with us at Horeb.

v.3 It was not with our ancestors that the Lord made this covenant, but with us, with all of us who are alive here today.

v.4 The Lord spoke to you face to face out of the fire on the mountain.

v.5 (At that time I stood between the Lord and you to declare to you the word of the Lord , because you were afraid of the fire and did not go up the mountain.) And he said:

 

[Notes: So what were these laws, commands etc. that Moses is so eager for them to hold onto? They were the ones that flowed out of their experience with God at Mount Sinai that He spoke to them there.]

 

 

v.6-21 Moses reminds them of the Ten Commandments

 

v.6 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.

v.7 [First Command] “You shall have no other gods before me.

v.8 [Second Command] “You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.

v.9 You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me,

v.10 but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

v.11 [Third Command] “You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.

v.12 [Fourth Command] “Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the Lord your God has commanded you.

v.13 Six days you shall labour and do all your work,

v.14 but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your ox, your donkey or any of your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns, so that your male and female servants may rest, as you do.

v.15 Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the Lord your God brought you out of there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the Lord your God has commanded you to observe the Sabbath day.

v.16 [Fifth Command] “Honour your father and your mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you, so that you may live long but in the land the Lord your God is giving you.

v.17 [Sixth Command] “You shall not murder.

v.18 [Seventh Command] “You shall not commit adultery.

v.19 [Eighth Command] “You shall not steal.

v.20 [Ninth Command] “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbour.

v.21 [Tenth Command] “You shall not covet your neighbour's wife. You shall not set your desire on your neighbour's house or land, his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbour.”

 

[Notes: Forty years have passed since Moses first received the Ten Commandments and they still have them on the second set of stone tablets, but now as Moses reiterates them, he adds a slight emphasis reminding them of their recent past. So in v.15, instead of referring to God's creative activities as he had done in Ex 19:11, he now reminds them of what God has gone for them in the Exodus and makes that the focus of memory on the sabbath. Similarly he strengthens the fifth command so that honouring parents will be rewarded not just by ‘so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you,' [Ex 19:12] but he adds ‘and that it may go well with you' an emphasis not merely on length of life but also quality of life in the new Land.]   

 

 

v.22-32 A Reminder how those Commands came

 

v.22 These are the commandments the Lord proclaimed in a loud voice to your whole assembly there on the mountain from out of the fire, the cloud and the deep darkness; and he added nothing more. Then he wrote them on two stone tablets and gave them to me.

v.23 When you heard the voice out of the darkness, while the mountain was ablaze with fire, all the leaders of your tribes and your elders came to me.

v.24 And you said, “The Lord our God has shown us his glory and his majesty, and we have heard his voice from the fire. Today we have seen that a person can live even if God speaks with them.

v.25 But now, why should we die? This great fire will consume us, and we will die if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any longer.

v.26 For what mortal has ever heard the voice of the living God speaking out of fire, as we have, and survived?

v.27 Go near and listen to all that the Lord our God says. Then tell us whatever the Lord our God tells you. We will listen and obey.”

v.28 The Lord heard you when you spoke to me, and the Lord said to me, “I have heard what this people said to you. Everything they said was good.

v.29 Oh, that their hearts would be inclined to fear me and keep all my commands always, so that it might go well with them and their children forever!

v.30 “Go, tell them to return to their tents.

v.31 But you stay here with me so that I may give you all the commands, decrees and laws you are to teach them to follow in the land I am giving them to possess.”

v.32 So be careful to do what the Lord your God has commanded you; do not turn aside to the right or to the left.

 

[Notes: Yet again he reminds them of the origin of these Law that he is reminding them about. They did not come by the wisdom of man but the revelation of God at Mount Sinai. When they had heard the voice and seen the fire on the mountain they (or at least their parents) had acknowledged to Moses that this was God. Note also v.29 and the emphasis we just saw in the fifth commandment that obeying these laws will mean that they and their children will be blessed as they live in the Land. Notice this phrase, ‘in the land' which is occurring more and more. This is what Moses is getting them ready for, a new life in a new land.]

 

 

v.33 A Call to Obey them

 

v.33 Walk in obedience to all that the Lord your God has commanded you, so that you may live and prosper and prolong your days in the land that you will possess.

 

[Notes: The conclusion? These commands are from God so make sure you obey them and when you do, you will prosper and live long in this land you are about to enter. There it is again, this emphasis on life in the Land]

   

 

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 6