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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: Deuteronomy

(Return to Old Testament Contents)

 

CONTEXT

Part 6: Ch.31-34 Moses Finale

Ch.31 – Succession, the Law & Warning

Ch.32 – The Song of Moses

Ch.33 – Moses blesses the tribes

Ch.34 – The Death of Moses

 

 

FRAMEWORKS: Deuteronomy 32: The Song of Moses

 

v.1-43 Moses Song for the Future

v.44-47 Moses recites the Song & warns the people

v.48-52 The Lord instructs Moses to die on Mount Nebo

 

[Preliminary Notes: we will leave the preliminary descriptions to be sufficient to highlight what the song says. Remember, it will be available to be a testimony against them AND a warning to them, to take steps to get their national life right before the Lord.]

 

 

v.1-43 Moses Song for the Future

 

v.1,2 Moses calls for his words to be heard & have effect

v.1  Listen, you heavens, and I will speak;
     hear, you earth, the words of my mouth.
v.2  Let my teaching fall like rain
     and my words descend like dew,
like showers on new grass,
     like abundant rain on tender plants.

 

v.3,4 He declares the greatness of the Lord

v.3  I will proclaim the name of the Lord .
     Oh, praise the greatness of our God!
v.4  He is the Rock, his works are perfect,
     and all his ways are just.
A faithful God who does no wrong,
     upright and just is he.

 

v.5,6 He warns of their rejection of the Lord

v.5  They are corrupt and not his children;
     to their shame they are a warped and crooked generation.
v.6  Is this the way you repay the Lord ,
     you foolish and unwise people?
Is he not your Father, your Creator,
     who made you and formed you?

 

v.7-9 He calls them to remember how the Lord established them

v.7  Remember the days of old;
     consider the generations long past.
Ask your father and he will tell you,
     your elders, and they will explain to you.
v.8  When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance,
     when he divided all mankind,
he set up boundaries for the peoples
     according to the number of the sons of Israel.
v.9  For the Lord 's portion is his people,
     Jacob his allotted inheritance.

 

v.10-12 He reminds them how the Lord brought them here

v.10  In a desert land he found him,
     in a barren and howling waste.
He shielded him and cared for him;
     he guarded him as the apple of his eye,
v.11  like an eagle that stirs up its nest
     and hovers over its young,
that spreads its wings to catch them
     and carries them on its pinions.
v.12  The Lord alone led him;
     no foreign god was with him.

 

v.13-15 He reminds them how the Lord had blessed them with abundance

v.13  He made him ride on the heights of the land
     and fed him with the fruit of the fields.
He nourished him with honey from the rock,
     and with oil from the flinty crag,
v.14  with curds and milk from herd and flock
     and with fattened lambs and goats,
with choice rams of Bashan
     and the finest grains of wheat.
You drank the foaming blood of the grape.

v.15  Jeshurun grew fat and kicked;
     filled with food, they became heavy and sleek.

v.15-18 He points out how they have gone astray

They abandoned the God who made them
     and rejected the Rock their Saviour.
v.16  They made him jealous with their foreign gods
     and angered him with their detestable idols.
v.17  They sacrificed to false gods, which are not God –
     gods they had not known,
     gods that recently appeared,
     gods your ancestors did not fear.
v.18  You deserted the Rock, who fathered you;
     you forgot the God who gave you birth.

 

v.19-21 He reveals the Lord's response

v.19  The Lord saw this and rejected them
     because he was angered by his sons and daughters.
v.20  ‘I will hide my face from them,' he said,
     ‘and see what their end will be;
for they are a perverse generation,
     children who are unfaithful.
v.21  They made me jealous by what is no god
     and angered me with their worthless idols.

v.21-25 He warns of the Lord's disciplinary judgement

I will make them envious by those who are not a people;
     I will make them angry by a nation that has no understanding.
v.22  For a fire will be kindled by my wrath,
     one that burns down to the realm of the dead below.
It will devour the earth and its harvests
     and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.

v.23  ‘I will heap calamities on them
     and expend my arrows against them.
v.24  I will send wasting famine against them,
     consuming pestilence and deadly plague;
I will send against them the fangs of wild beasts,
     the venom of vipers that glide in the dust.
v.25  In the street the sword will make them childless;
     in their homes terror will reign.
The young men and young women will perish,
     the infants and those with grey hair.

v.26 Yet for fear of being misunderstood He held back

v.26  I said I would scatter them
     and erase their name from human memory,
v.27  but I dreaded the taunt of the enemy,
     lest the adversary misunderstand
and say, “Our hand has triumphed;
     the Lord has not done all this.”'

 

v.28-30 He reveals their misunderstanding

v.28  They are a nation without sense,
     there is no discernment in them.
v.29  If only they were wise and would understand this
     and discern what their end will be!
v.30  How could one man chase a thousand,
     or two put ten thousand to flight,
unless their Rock had sold them,
     unless the Lord had given them up?

v.31-35 Their ungodliness is a poisoning resource that will bring doom

v.31  For their rock is not like our Rock,
     as even our enemies concede.
v.32  Their vine comes from the vine of Sodom
     and from the fields of Gomorrah.
Their grapes are filled with poison,
     and their clusters with bitterness.
v.33  Their wine is the venom of serpents,
     the deadly poison of cobras.

v.34  ‘Have I not kept this in reserve
     and sealed it in my vaults?
v.35  It is mine to avenge; I will repay.
     In due time their foot will slip;
their day of disaster is near
     and their doom rushes upon them.'

 

v.36-38 The Lord will show the futility of their unbelief

v.36  The Lord will vindicate his people
     and relent concerning his servants
when he sees their strength is gone
     and no one is left, slave or free.
v.37  He will say: ‘Now where are their gods,
     the rock they took refuge in,
v.38  the gods who ate the fat of their sacrifices
     and drank the wine of their drink offerings?
Let them rise up to help you!
     Let them give you shelter!

 

v.39-43 No one can withstand the Lord's Judgment

v.39  ‘See now that I myself am he!
     There is no god besides me.
I put to death and I bring to life,
     I have wounded and I will heal,
     and no one can deliver out of my hand.
v.40  I lift my hand to heaven and solemnly swear:
     as surely as I live for ever,
v.41  when I sharpen my flashing sword
     and my hand grasps it in judgment,
I will take vengeance on my adversaries
     and repay those who hate me.
v.42  I will make my arrows drunk with blood,
     while my sword devours flesh:
the blood of the slain and the captives,
     the heads of the enemy leaders.'

v.43  Rejoice, you nations, with his people,
     for he will avenge the blood of his servants;
he will take vengeance on his enemies
     and make atonement for his land and people.

 

[Notes: If you need to, go back over the sections of this song as we have marked them out to see the warnings here.]

 

 

v.44-47 Moses recites the Song & warns the people

 

v.44 Moses came with Joshua son of Nun and spoke all the words of this song in the hearing of the people.

v.45 When Moses had finished reciting all these words to all Israel,

v.46 he said to them, ‘Take to heart all the words I have solemnly declared to you this day, so that you may command your children to obey carefully all the words of this law.

v.47 They are not just idle words for you – they are your life. By them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess.'

 

[Notes: So yes, Moses has declared it before the people and challenges them to instruct their children to ensure they keep the Law else this warning will come on them as judgments on them in the Land.]

 

 

v.48- 52 The Lord instructs Moses to die on Mount Nebo

 

v.48 On that same day the Lord told Moses,

v.49 ‘Go up into the Abarim Range to Mount Nebo in Moab, opposite Jericho, and view Canaan, the land I am giving the Israelites as their own possession.

v.50 There on the mountain that you have climbed you will die and be gathered to your people, just as your brother Aaron died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people.

v.51 This is because both of you broke faith with me in the presence of the Israelites at the waters of Meribah Kadesh in the Desert of Zin and because you did not uphold my holiness among the Israelites.

v.52 Therefore, you will see the land only from a distance; you will not enter the land I am giving to the people of Israel.'

 

[Notes: Moses has done his job as shepherd of these sheep and as they prepare to enter the Land, leaving him behind, he is to leave them and go up on Mount Nebo in the mountainous range nearby, where his time on earth will cease.]

   

     

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 33