3: Ch.12-20 Moses reminds them of Stipulations for a Holy Nation
– The One Place of Worship
– Beware Deception
– Food & Tithing
– Year Seven Changes & Firstborn Animal Offerings
16 – Festivals, Justice &
17 – Worship, Justice &
any Future King
18 – Maintain Right Spiritual
19 – Rules for Cities of
20 – Rules for Going to War
Deuteronomy 14: Food & Tithing
Clean and Unclean Food
Clean and Unclean Food
You are a unique people – remember that.
are the children of the Lord
Do not cut yourselves or shave the front of your heads for the
you are a people holy to the Lord
Out of all the peoples on the face of the earth, the Lord
you to be his treasured possession.
Eating some animals is forbidden (possibly for health reasons)
not eat any detestable thing.
are the animals you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat,
deer, the gazelle, the roe deer, the wild goat, the ibex, the
antelope and the mountain sheep.
may eat any animal that has a divided hoof and that chews the
of those that chew the cud or that have a divided hoof you may
not eat the camel, the rabbit or the hyrax. Although they chew
the cud, they do not have a divided hoof; they are ceremonially
unclean for you.
pig is also unclean; although it has a divided hoof, it does not
chew the cud. You are not to eat their meat or touch their carcasses.
all the creatures living in the water, you may eat any that has
fins and scales.
anything that does not have fins and scales you may not eat; for
you it is unclean.
Some flying creatures are not to be eaten
may eat any clean bird.
these you may not eat: the eagle, the vulture, the black vulture,
the red kite,
the black kite, any kind of falcon, any kind of raven, the
horned owl, the screech owl, the gull, any kind of hawk, the
little owl, the great owl, the white owl, the desert owl,
the osprey, the cormorant, the stork, any kind of heron,
the hoopoe and the bat.
flying insects are unclean to you; do not eat them.
any winged creature that is clean you may eat.
Carcasses are not to be eaten by you
not eat anything you find already dead. You may give it to the
foreigner residing in any of your towns, and they may eat it,
or you may sell it to any other foreigner. But you are a people
holy to the Lord
not cook a young goat in its mother's milk.
The requirements in respect of food permitted or forbidden
has caused much discussion and apart from making Israel stand
out as a holy people with very specific food laws, it is usually
suggested that perhaps the animals, birds etc. that are forbidden
for eating are part of this prohibition for health reasons.]
A tithe meant a tenth given to the Lor
sure to set aside a tenth of all that your fields produce each
clearly be crops or animals but eaten by the giver
the tithe of your grain, new wine and olive oil, and the firstborn
of your herds and flocks in the presence of the Lord
your God at
the place he will choose as a dwelling for his Name, so that you
may learn to revere the Lord
your God always.
Mostly it is to be at the Tabernacle unless it is too far away
if that place is too distant and you have been blessed by the
your God and cannot carry your tithe (because the place where
will choose to put his Name is so far away),
If that is so replace it with silver to be taken to the Tabernacle
exchange your tithe for silver and take the silver with you and
go to the place the Lord
your God will
Then again swap it for food to be eaten ta the Tabernacle
the silver to buy whatever you like: cattle, sheep, wine or other
fermented drink, or anything you wish. Then you and your household
shall eat there in the presence of the Lord
your God and
the third year store it for the Levites
do not neglect the Levites living in your towns, for they have
no allotment or inheritance of their own.
the end of every three years, bring all the tithes of that year's
produce and store it in your towns,
that the Levites (who have no allotment or inheritance of their
own) and the foreigners, the fatherless and the widows who live
in your towns may come and eat and be satisfied, and so that the
your God may bless you in all the work of your hands.
References to tithing is also seen in Lev 27:30-33 &
Num 18:21-32. Two facts in scripture suggest a) part of the tithe
was eaten before the Lord at the Tabernacle by the giver and b)
part was given to the Levites. When the tithe was presented,
is unstated and it might be reasonable to suppose that as there
were twelve tribes, each tribe was allocated a specific month
in which to take their tithes to the Tabernacle. This would, of
course, then require them to store produce which may mitigate
against such a solution, perhaps therefore suggesting that produce
be brought in a period spread out after Harvest – but it is unknown.]