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FRAMEWORKS: Daniel

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FRAMEWORKS: Daniel 10: Vision Preparation in the reign of Cyrus

 

v.1-4 While Daniel is mourning for his people he receives a major vision

v.5-8 In his vision he sees a heavenly man

v.9-11 He is empowered to receive the vision

v.12-15 Daniel is Reassured with an Explanation

v.16-18 Daniel confesses his weakness and is empowered

v.19-21 Again Daniel is strengthened & explanation given

  

[Preliminary Comments: We have already seen in the previous chapter, Daniel having been given understanding about the plight of his people and Jeremiah's prophecy, praying and fasting for his people. Although apparently at a different time, Daniel is similarly praying during a limited fast [only plain food and water] and after three weeks of this Daniel receives a tremendous vision which takes up the rest of the book.]

 

 

v.1-4 While Daniel is mourning for his people he receives a major vision

 

v.1  In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia, a revelation was given to Daniel (who was called Belteshazzar). Its message was true and it concerned a great war. The understanding of the message came to him in a vision. 

v.2  At that time I, Daniel, mourned for three weeks.  

v.3  I ate no choice food; no meat or wine touched my lips; and I used no lotions at all until the three weeks were over. 

v.4  On the twenty-fourth day of the first month, as I was standing on the bank of the great river, the Tigris, 

 

[Notes: Daniel has been on a limited fast, praying [presumably] for his people and after three weeks a breakthrough occurs and he receives a ‘revelation' about a coming war.]

 

 

v.5-8 In his vision he sees a heavenly man

 

v.5  I looked up and there before me was a man dressed in linen, with a belt of fine gold from Uphaz around his waist. 

v.6  His body was like topaz, his face like lightning, his eyes like flaming torches, his arms and legs like the gleam of burnished bronze, and his voice like the sound of a multitude. 

v.7  I, Daniel, was the only one who saw the vision; those who were with me did not see it, but such terror overwhelmed them that they fled and hid themselves. 

v.8  So I was left alone, gazing at this great vision; I had no strength left, my face turned deathly pale and I was helpless. 

 

[Notes: In the vision he sees a human figure, more than an angel, one of great authority, and the sight drains him of all his strength. Similarities to Jesus are found in Revelation 1.]

 

 

v.9-11 He is empowered to receive the vision

 

v.9  Then I heard him speaking, and as I listened to him, I fell into a deep sleep, my face to the ground. 

v.10   A hand touched [i] me and set me trembling on my hands and knees. 

v.11  He said, “Daniel, you who are highly esteemed, consider carefully the words I am about to speak to you, and stand up, for I have now been sent to you.” And when he said this to me, I stood up trembling. 

 

[Notes: He falls on the ground unconscious but the man touches him [the first of three times] and wakes him and reassures him and he is enabled to stand up.]

 

 

v.12-15 Daniel is Reassured with an Explanation

 

v.12  Then he continued, “Do not be afraid, Daniel. Since the first day that you set your mind to gain understanding and to humble yourself before your God, your words were heard, and I have come in response to them. 

v.13  But the prince of the Persian kingdom resisted me twenty-one days. Then Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, because I was detained there with the king of Persia. 

v.14   Now I have come to explain to you what will happen to your people in the future, for the vision concerns a time yet to come.” 

v.15  While he was saying this to me, I bowed with my face toward the ground and was speechless. 

 

[Notes: The man reassures him that from the moment he started praying he had been heard in heaven. Nevertheless in the heavenlies there had been resistance from a demonic prince but he was assisted by another great angel so he could come to Daniel. This is one of the few times in the Bible where we are given insight into the heavenly orders – ‘powers and principalities' as the apostle Paul described them in Eph 6:12. The vision is about a time yet to come.]

 

 

v.16-18 Daniel confesses his weakness and is empowered

 

v.16  Then one who looked like a man [ii] touched my lips, and I opened my mouth and began to speak. I said to the one standing before me, “I am overcome with anguish because of the vision, my lord, and I feel very weak. 

v.17 How can I, your servant, talk with you, my lord? My strength is gone and I can hardly breathe.” 

v.18  Again the one who looked like a man [iii] touched me and gave me strength. 

 

[Notes: Twice more the man touches him and Daniel is empowered

 

 

v.19-21 Again Daniel is strengthened & explanation given

 

v.19  “Do not be afraid, you who are highly esteemed,” he said. “Peace! Be strong now; be strong.” When he spoke to me, I was strengthened and said, “Speak, my lord, since you have given me strength.” 

v.20  So he said, “Do you know why I have come to you? Soon I will return to fight against the prince of Persia, and when I go, the prince of Greece will come; 

v.21  but first I will tell you what is written in the Book of Truth. (No one supports me against them except Michael, your prince.

 

[Notes: The man now simply speaks a word and Daniel is further strengthened. There are battles to be fought in the heavenlies [to be reflected in what happens on earth?]

   

  

Continue to chapter 11