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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: The Acts of the Apostles

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Frameworks: Acts 21: To Jerusalem, a riot and Paul is arrested


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation.)


v.1-3 First leg to Jerusalem

v.4-7 Stop-off at Tyre

v.8-16 Stop-off at Caesarea: Agabus prophesies

v.17-26 Paul's Arrival at Jerusalem

v.27-36 Paul Arrested

v.37-40 Paul Speaks to the Crowd



v.1-3 First leg to Jerusalem


v.1  After we had torn ourselves away from them, we put out to sea and sailed straight to Kos. The next day we went to Rhodes and from there to Patara.

v.2  We found a ship crossing over to Phoenicia, went on board and set sail.

v.3  After sighting Cyprus and passing to the south of it, we sailed on to Syria. We landed at Tyre, where our ship was to unload its cargo.


[Passage Synopsis: Leaving the Ephesian elders they sail across the Mediterranean Sea eventually arriving at Tyre.]



v.4-7 Stop-off at Tyre


v.4  We sought out the disciples there and stayed with them seven days. Through the Spirit they urged Paul not to go on to Jerusalem.

v.5  When it was time to leave, we left and continued on our way. All of them, including wives and children, accompanied us out of the city, and there on the beach we knelt to pray.

v.6  After saying goodbye to each other, we went aboard the ship, and they returned home.

v.7  We continued our voyage from Tyre and landed at Ptolemais, where we greeted the brothers and sisters and stayed with them for a day.


[Passage Synopsis: Meeting with the disciples in the church in Tyre, they feel guided by the Spirit to urge Paul not to go down to Jerusalem.]



v.8-16 Stop-off at Caesarea: Agabus prophesies

v.8  Leaving the next day, we reached Caesarea and stayed at the house of Philip the evangelist, one of the Seven.

v.9  He had four unmarried daughters who prophesied.

v.10  After we had been there a number of days, a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea.

v.11  Coming over to us, he took Paul's belt, tied his own hands and feet with it and said, “The Holy Spirit says, ‘In this way the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem will bind the owner of this belt and will hand him over to the Gentiles.'”

v.12  When we heard this, we and the people there pleaded with Paul not to go up to Jerusalem.

v.13  Then Paul answered, “Why are you weeping and breaking my heart? I am ready not only to be bound, but also to die in Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.”

v.14  When he would not be dissuaded, we gave up and said, “The Lord's will be done.”

v.15  After this, we started on our way up to Jerusalem.

v.16  Some of the disciples from Caesarea accompanied us and brought us to the home of Mnason, where we were to stay. He was a man from Cyprus and one of the early disciples.


[Passage Synopsis: They continue on down towards Jerusalem stopping off in the home of one of the original deacons, Philip [see Acts 6:5) now better known as an evangelist with four daughters known for their gifts of prophecy. [an interesting family!] While there, a prophet by the name of Agabus arrives and prophesies that Paul will be arrested in Jerusalem. Paul, however, would not be persuaded.]



v.17-26 Paul's Arrival at Jerusalem


v.17  When we arrived at Jerusalem , the brothers and sisters received us warmly.

v.18  The next day Paul and the rest of us went to see James, and all the elders were present.

v.19  Paul greeted them and reported in detail what God had done among the Gentiles through his ministry.

v.20  When they heard this, they praised God. Then they said to Paul: “You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews have believed, and all of them are zealous for the law.

v.21  They have been informed that you teach all the Jews who live among the Gentiles to turn away from Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children or live according to our customs.

v.22,23  What shall we do? They will certainly hear that you have come, so do what we tell you. There are four men with us who have made a vow.

v.24  Take these men, join in their purification rites and pay their expenses, so that they can have their heads shaved. Then everyone will know there is no truth in these reports about you, but that you yourself are living in obedience to the law.

v.25  As for the Gentile believers, we have written to them our decision that they should abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality.”

v.26  The next day Paul took the men and purified himself along with them. Then he went to the temple to give notice of the date when the days of purification would end and the offering would be made for each of them.


[Passage Synopsis: So we have seen two warnings given to Paul about what would await him if he went to Jerusalem, one in Tyre and the other in Caesarea. Much discussion among commentators surrounds his going to Jerusalem after he had been given these warnings by the Holy Spirit. He had already had a feeling about going on to Rome [see Acts 19:21] and one can't help wondering in the light of what follows if he would have achieved the goal of going to Rome in a much shorter time and with much less upheaval as ensues. On the other side, he is going to be able to testify to at least two rulers but there is not a satisfactory outcome with either of them. Similarly in his adventures at sea, he has the opportunity to point sailors and travellers to the Lord, though again there is not the fruit that has been see on his three missionary journeys. As far as Acts is concerned his fruitfulness comes to an end for the next couple of years but seems to be restarted when he is in Rome. The following chapters feel more like an adventure story with a very different feel from all that has gone on in chapters 13 to 20.]



v.27-36 Paul Arrested


v.27,28  When the seven days were nearly over, some Jews from the province of Asia saw Paul at the temple. They stirred up the whole crowd and seized him, shouting, “Fellow Israelites, help us! This is the man who teaches everyone everywhere against our people and our law and this place. And besides, he has brought Greeks into the temple and defiled this holy place.”

v.29  (They had previously seen Trophimus the Ephesian in the city with Paul and assumed that Paul had brought him into the temple.)

v.30  The whole city was aroused, and the people came running from all directions. Seizing Paul, they dragged him from the temple, and immediately the gates were shut.

v.31  While they were trying to kill him, news reached the commander of the Roman troops that the whole city of Jerusalem was in an uproar.

v.32  He at once took some officers and soldiers and ran down to the crowd. When the rioters saw the commander and his soldiers, they stopped beating Paul.

v.33  The commander came up and arrested him and ordered him to be bound with two chains. Then he asked who he was and what he had done.

v.34  Some in the crowd shouted one thing and some another, and since the commander could not get at the truth because of the uproar, he ordered that Paul be taken into the barracks.

v.35  When Paul reached the steps, the violence of the mob was so great he had to be carried by the soldiers.

v.36  The crowd that followed kept shouting, “Get rid of him!”


[Passage Synopsis: Yet again Jews (who are in Jerusalem from the province of Asia) attack Paul and try to kill him and uproar ensues, resulting in the Roman commander and his soldiers arriving taking Paul out of the fray and into the barracks.]



v.37-40 Paul Speaks to the Crowd


v.37 As the soldiers were about to take Paul into the barracks, he asked the commander, “May I say something to you?”

“Do you speak Greek?” he replied.

v.38 “Aren't you the Egyptian who started a revolt and led four thousand terrorists out into the wilderness some time ago?”

v.39 Paul answered, “I am a Jew, from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no ordinary city. Please let me speak to the people.”

v.40 After receiving the commander's permission, Paul stood on the steps and motioned to the crowd. When they were all silent, he said to them in Aramaic:


[Passage Synopsis: Paul obtains the commanders permission to speak to the crowd.]



Continue to chapter 22