Front Page

Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: The Acts of the Apostles

(Return to New Testament Contents)


Frameworks: Acts 2


(The objective of these ‘Frameworks' is to provide an easy-to-read layout of the text in order then to use these individual verses for verse-by-verse study or meditation. )


Frameworks: Acts 2

v.1-13 The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost

v.14-21 Peter Explains this is a prophetic fulfilment

v.22-24 Peter recounts what had happened to Jesus

v.25-36 Peter explains David's prophecies as fulfilled in Jesus

v.37-41 The people are convicted and three thousand saved

v.42-47 The Fellowship of the Believers



v.1-13 The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost


v.1 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place.

v.2 Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.

v.3 They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them.

v.4 All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.

v.5  Now there were staying in Jerusalem God-fearing Jews from every nation under heaven.

v.6  When they heard this sound, a crowd came together in bewilderment, because each one heard their own language being spoken.

v.7  Utterly amazed, they asked: “Aren't all these who are speaking Galileans?

v.8-11 Then how is it that each of us hears them in our native language? Parthians, Medes and Elamites; residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,[the Roman province by that name] Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya near Cyrene; visitors from Rome (both Jews and converts to Judaism); Cretans and Arabs—we hear them declaring the wonders of God in our own tongues!”

v.12  Amazed and perplexed, they asked one another, “What does this mean?”

v.13  Some, however, made fun of them and said, “They have had too much wine.”


[Passage Synopsis: The Holy Spirit falls on the disciples gathered in the house on the Day of Pentecost, indicated by the sound of a mighty wind, and tongues of fire appearing on the heads of each one. The are enabled to speak in other languages and when they carry on as they burst out into the street and possibly into a busy square, many Jews visiting Jerusalem heard their own languages from different parts of the world. They question how this can be and some suggest the disciples are drunk].



v.14-21 Peter Explains this is a prophetic fulfilment


v.14 Then Peter stood up with the Eleven, raised his voice and addressed the crowd: “Fellow Jews and all of you who live in Jerusalem, let me explain this to you; listen carefully to what I say.

v.15  These people are not drunk, as you suppose. It's only nine in the morning!

v.16  No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

v.17 “‘In the last days, God says,  I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your young men will see visions, your old men will dream dreams.

v.18  Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy.
v.19 I will show wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below, blood and fire and billows of smoke.
v.20  The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord.

v.21  And everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.' [Joel 2:28-32]


[Passage Synopsis: Peter (remember, still filled with the Spirit) steps up and declares to the crowd how that cannot be but is in fact the fulfilment of Joel's prophecy [v.17-21] for the last days. NB. the term ‘last days' will therefore be used from then on for the whole of the church era, as distinguished from ‘end times' meaning the final period before God winds everything up.]



v.22-24 Peter recounts what had happened to Jesus


v.22  “Fellow Israelites, listen to this: Jesus of Nazareth was a man accredited by God to you by miracles, wonders and signs, which God did among you through him, as you yourselves know.

v.23 This man was handed over to you by God's deliberate plan and foreknowledge; and you, with the help of wicked men, [Or of those not having the law (that is, Gentiles )] put him to death by nailing him to the cross.

v.24 But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him.


[Passage Synopsis: Peter launches into full blown preaching and declares to the crowd that what happened to Jesus, after his three years of signs, wonders and miracles ministry, was God's specific plan, having known from the foundation of the world [at least 8 references in the N.T.] how it would work out that rebellious mankind would crucify His Son, and that afterwards he would be raised from the dead.]



v.25-36 Peter explains David's prophecies as fulfilled in Jesus


v.25-28  David said about him: “‘I saw the Lord always before me. Because he is at my right hand, I will not be shaken.   Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will rest in hope, because you will not abandon me to the realm of the dead, you will not let your holy one see decay.   You have made known to me the paths of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence.' [Psa 16:8-11]

v.29  “Fellow Israelites, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day.

v.30  But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne.

v.31  Seeing what was to come, he spoke of the resurrection of the Messiah, that he was not abandoned to the realm of the dead, nor did his body see decay.

v.32  God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of it.

v.33  Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear.

v.34,35   For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said, “‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”' [Psa 110:1]

v.36  “Therefore let all Israel be assured of this: God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Messiah.”


[Passage Synopsis: Peter, citing prophetic Psa 16, points out it had been God's original plan that Jesus body would never be allowed to decay in the ground but would be raised from the dead. He further cites the messianic prophecy Psa 110 [that appears a number of times in N.T. teaching] where David prophesies the Messiah will eventually rule at the Father's side in heave. Both these prophecies clearly show that David could not have been referring to himself but to the coming one that is Jesus.]



v.37-41 The people are convicted and three thousand saved


v.37  When the people heard this, they were cut to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?”

v.38  Peter replied, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.

v.39  The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.”

v.40  With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.”

v.41  Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were added to their number that day.


[Passage Synopsis: With such Spirit-anointed preaching the crowd are convicted and the result is that about three thousand are saved.]



v.42-47 The Fellowship of the Believers


v.42 They devoted themselves to the apostles' teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer.

v.43  Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles.

v.44  All the believers were together and had everything in common.

v.45  They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need.

v.46,47  Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts, praising God and enjoying the favour of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.


[Passage Synopsis: We are given a little glimpse of the nature of the life of the early church as it is formed. it is established and confirmed by the apostles inspired teaching, they remembered the Lord in breaking of bread and they prayed together (v.42). The apostles exercises power ministry with a holy sense of awe (v.43) and there was great unity and caring among the believers (v.44,45) and they regularly got together in public areas and in their homes. They were a community of praise and were well thought of by the public and more and more were being saved.]


Continue to chapter 3