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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 2 Samuel

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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Samuel 24: David's Census & Judgment


v.1-4 David instructs Joab to Enrol the fighting men

v.5-8 The Census is taken

v.9,10 David smitten for his pride of counting the men

v.11-14 David to Choose a Judgment

v.15-17 The Plague comes & David confesses his sin

v.18-25 David builds an altar to halt the plague


v.1-4 David instructs Joab to Enrol the fighting men


v.1 Again the anger of the LORD burned against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, “Go and take a census of Israel and Judah.” 

v.2  So the king said to Joab and the army commanders with him, “Go throughout the tribes of Israel from Dan to Beersheba and enroll the fighting men, so that I may know how many there are.” 

v.3 But Joab replied to the king, “May the LORD your God multiply the troops a hundred times over, and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. But why does my lord the king want to do such a thing?” 

v.4 The king's word, however, overruled Joab and the army commanders; so they left the presence of the king to enroll the fighting men of Israel. 


[Notes: The starting point of understanding this is seeing that God was angry with Israel. 1 Kings 3:2 tells us people were still sacrificing at ‘high places', a forbidden practice. Quite when this occurred is unclear. It appears that these last three chapters of this book come more as an Appendix so they do not appear in the chronological flow. 1 Chron 21:1 indicates that it was Satan who was God's instrument and suggested to David that he number the fighting men. Such an action was one of pure pride and self-aggrandizement. Joab seemed to sense this and tried to put him off doing it, but David's will prevailed.]



v.5-8 The Census is taken


v.5 After crossing the Jordan, they camped near Aroer, south of the town in the gorge, and then went through Gad and on to Jazer. 

v.6 They went to Gilead and the region of Tahtim Hodshi, and on to Dan Jaan and around toward Sidon. 

v.7 Then they went toward the fortress of Tyre and all the towns of the Hivites and Canaanites. Finally, they went on to Beersheba in the Negev of Judah. 

v.8 After they had gone through the entire land, they came back to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days. 


[Notes: Thus a census is taken from north to south, east to west.]



v.9,10 David smitten for his pride of counting the men


v.9 Joab reported the number of the fighting men to the king: In Israel there were eight hundred thousand able-bodied men who could handle a sword, and in Judah five hundred thousand. 

v.10 David was conscience-stricken after he had counted the fighting men, and he said to the LORD, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. Now, LORD, I beg you, take away the guilt of your servant. I have done a very foolish thing.” 


[Notes: Having taken nine months, when Joab reports back, David has had opportunity to see it in the right light and see that it was wrong.]



v.11-14 David to Choose a Judgment


v.11 Before David got up the next morning, the word of the LORD had come to Gad the prophet, David's seer: 

v.12 “Go and tell David, ‘This is what the LORD says: I am giving you three options. Choose one of them for me to carry out against you.' ” 

v.13 So Gad went to David and said to him, “Shall there come on you three years of famine in your land? Or three months of fleeing from your enemies while they pursue you? Or three days of plague in your land? Now then, think it over and decide how I should answer the one who sent me.” 

v.14 David said to Gad, “I am in deep distress. Let us fall into the hands of the LORD, for his mercy is great; but do not let me fall into human hands.” 


[Notes: Instead of the Lord just bringing a judgment on Israel, possibly for their poor level of spirituality and failure to keep the Law, wanting to deal with David's heart, He gives David three options and says he must choose which one. David is smitten having to choose what will happen to his people. He concludes remaining in the Lord's hands (plague) for just three days is better than a long, drawn out famine or of being on the run from their enemies for three months.]



v.15-17 The Plague comes & David confesses his sin


v.15 So the LORD sent a plague on Israel from that morning until the end of the time designated, and seventy thousand of the people from Dan to Beersheba died. 

v.16 When the angel stretched out his hand to destroy Jerusalem, the LORD relented concerning the disaster and said to the angel who was afflicting the people, “Enough! Withdraw your hand.” The angel of the LORD was then at the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. 

v.17 When David saw the angel who was striking down the people, he said to the LORD, “I have sinned; I, the shepherd, have done wrong. These are but sheep. What have they done? Let your hand fall on me and my family.”


[Notes: The disciplinary judgment takes a large number (relatively small in terms of the population). David is devastated and remarkably asks for his own life to be taken to spare his people.]



v.18-25 David builds an altar to halt the plague

v.18 On that day Gad went to David and said to him, “Go up and build an altar to the LORD on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.” 

v.19 So David went up, as the LORD had commanded through Gad. 

v.20 When Araunah looked and saw the king and his officials coming toward him, he went out and bowed down before the king with his face to the ground. 

v.21 Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?” “To buy your threshing floor,” David answered, “so I can build an altar to the LORD, that the plague on the people may be stopped.” 

v.22 Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take whatever he wishes and offer it up. Here are oxen for the burnt offering, and here are threshing sledges and ox yokes for the wood. 

v.23 Your Majesty, Araunah gives all this to the king.” Araunah also said to him, “May the LORD your God accept you.” 

v.24 But the king replied to Araunah, “No, I insist on paying you for it. I will not sacrifice to the LORD my God burnt offerings that cost me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen and paid fifty shekels of silver for them. 

v.25  David built an altar to the LORD there and sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. Then the LORD answered his prayer in behalf of the land, and the plague on Israel was stopped.


[Notes: The prophet Gad reminds David that the ceremonial laws of sacrifice are for saving the people and seeing how far the plague had got, David realises if he sacrifices there, it will end the plague, and that is what happens. For further comments on this, see the Introduction Page.]