David's last words
are the last words of David: “The inspired utterance
of David son of Jesse, the utterance of the man exalted by the
Most High, the man anointed by the God of Jacob, the hero of Israel's
Spirit of the LORD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue.
The God of
Israel spoke, the Rock of Israel said to me: ‘When one rules over
people in righteousness, when he rules in the fear of God,
he is like
the light of morning at sunrise on a cloudless morning, like the
brightness after rain that brings grass from the earth.'
house were not right with God, surely he would not have made with
me an everlasting covenant, arranged and secured in every part;
surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation and grant me
my every desire.
But evil men
are all to be cast aside like thorns, which are not gathered with
thorns uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear; they are burned
up where they lie.”
we have here are the way this particular scribe concludes this
work about David. In 1 Kings we will find David instructing Solomon.
This book does not cover David's death which only appears in 1
Kings and in the semi-parallel 1 Chronicles. In the above text
David's acknowledgement of being inspired by the Holy Spirit,
David's claim that God had instructed him what a godly ruler is
David's assurance that he is chosen of God by the prophecies spoken
David's declaration that the unrighteous are like tinder to be
many ways these six verses are his basic, practical theology.]
David's mighty warriors - The Three
are the names of David's mighty warriors: Josheb-Basshebeth, a
Tahkemonite, was chief of the Three; he
raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killed in
to him was Eleazar son of Dodai the Ahohite.
As one of the three mighty warriors, he was
with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered at Pas Dammim for
battle. Then the Israelites retreated,
but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till
his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about
a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but
only to strip the dead.
to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite.
When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was
a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them.
Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended
it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about
a great victory.
for David was elevated to heights of heroism. Three men in particular
stood out – ‘The Three'.]
Exploits of Three of the Thirty
time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at
the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped
in the Valley of Rephaim.
At that time
David was in the stronghold, and the Philistine garrison was at
for water and said, “Oh, that someone would get me a drink of
water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!”
So the three
mighty warriors broke through the Philistine lines, drew water
from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to
David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured it out before
be it from me, LORD, to do this!” he said. “Is it not the blood
of men who went at the risk of their lives?” And David would not
drink it. Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.
were also thirty warriors also highly famous as heroes. On one
occasion, so loyal to David were they that, when he was thirsty,
they broke through into enemy territory to get water for him.
So moved by their valour was he that he refused to drink it.]
Exploits of Individuals
the brother of Joab son of Zeruiah was chief of the
Three. He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom
he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three.
Was he not
held in greater honor than the Three? He became their commander,
even though he was not included among them.
son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel, performed
great exploits. He struck down Moab's two mightiest warriors.
He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion.
And he struck
down a huge Egyptian. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his
hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear
from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear.
the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous
as the three mighty warriors.
held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included
among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard.
other stood out for their heroism and Abishai and Benaiah stood
out I n particular.]
the Thirty were: Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo
the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
the Paltite, Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa,
from Anathoth, Sibbekai the Hushathite,
the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
of Baanah the Netophathite, Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah in
the Pirathonite, Hiddai from the ravines of Gaash,
the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan
of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite,
son of Ahasbai the Maakathite, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
son of Nathan from Zobah, the son of Hagri,
the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer of Joab
son of Zeruiah,
the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite
Uriah the Hittite. There were thirty-seven in all.
Thirty' are named.]
TO CHAPTER 24