Front Page

Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 2 Samuel

(Return to Old Testament Contents)


FRAMEWORKS: 2 Samuel 23: Mostly about David's Mighty Men


v.1-7 David's last words

v.8-12 David's mighty warriors - The Three

v.13-17 Exploits of Three of the Thirty

v.18-23 Exploits of Individuals

v.24-39 The ‘Thirty'



v.1-7 David's last words


v.1  These are the last words of David: “The inspired utterance of David son of Jesse, the utterance of the man exalted by the Most High, the man anointed by the God of Jacob, the hero of Israel's songs: 

v.2  “The Spirit of the LORD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue. 

v.3 The God of Israel spoke, the Rock of Israel said to me: ‘When one rules over people in righteousness, when he rules in the fear of God, 

v.4 he is like the light of morning at sunrise on a cloudless morning, like the brightness after rain that brings grass from the earth.' 

v.5  “If my house were not right with God, surely he would not have made with me an everlasting covenant, arranged and secured in every part; surely he would not bring to fruition my salvation and grant me my every desire. 

v.6 But evil men are all to be cast aside like thorns, which are not gathered with the hand. 

v.7 Whoever touches thorns uses a tool of iron or the shaft of a spear; they are burned up where they lie.”


[Notes: What we have here are the way this particular scribe concludes this work about David. In 1 Kings we will find David instructing Solomon. This book does not cover David's death which only appears in 1 Kings and in the semi-parallel 1 Chronicles. In the above text we see:

v.2 David's acknowledgement of being inspired by the Holy Spirit,

v.3,4 David's claim that God had instructed him what a godly ruler is like,

v.5 David's assurance that he is chosen of God by the prophecies spoken over him,

v.6,7 David's declaration that the unrighteous are like tinder to be burnt up.

In many ways these six verses are his basic, practical theology.]



v.8-12 David's mighty warriors - The Three


v.8   These are the names of David's mighty warriors: Josheb-Basshebeth, a Tahkemonite, was chief of the Three; he raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killed in one encounter. 

v.9   Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai the Ahohite. As one of the three mighty warriors, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered at Pas Dammim for battle. Then the Israelites retreated, 

v.10   but Eleazar stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead. 

v.11   Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them. 

v.12   But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about a great victory. 


[Notes: Fighting for David was elevated to heights of heroism. Three men in particular stood out – ‘The Three'.]



v.13-17 Exploits of Three of the Thirty


v.13 During harvest time, three of the thirty chief warriors came down to David at the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. 

v.14 At that time David was in the stronghold, and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem. 

v.15 David longed for water and said, “Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!” 

v.16 So the three mighty warriors broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured it out before the LORD. 

v.17  “Far be it from me, LORD, to do this!” he said. “Is it not the blood of men who went at the risk of their lives?” And David would not drink it. Such were the exploits of the three mighty warriors. 


[Notes: There were also thirty warriors also highly famous as heroes. On one occasion, so loyal to David were they that, when he was thirsty, they broke through into enemy territory to get water for him. So moved by their valour was he that he refused to drink it.]



v.18-23 Exploits of Individuals


v.18  Abishai the brother of Joab son of Zeruiah was chief of the Three. He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed, and so he became as famous as the Three. 

v.19 Was he not held in greater honor than the Three? He became their commander, even though he was not included among them. 

v.20 Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel, performed great exploits. He struck down Moab's two mightiest warriors. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion. 

v.21 And he struck down a huge Egyptian. Although the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, Benaiah went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear. 

v.22 Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous as the three mighty warriors. 

v.23  He was held in greater honor than any of the Thirty, but he was not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his bodyguard. 


[Notes: Various other stood out for their heroism and Abishai and Benaiah stood out I n particular.]



v.24-39 The ‘Thirty'


v.24   Among the Thirty were: Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem, 

25   Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite, 

26   Helez the Paltite, Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa, 

27   Abiezer from Anathoth, Sibbekai the Hushathite, 

28   Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite, 

29   Heled son of Baanah the Netophathite, Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin, 

30   Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai from the ravines of Gaash, 

31   Abi-Albon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite, 

32   Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan 

33   son of Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam son of Sharar the Hararite, 

34   Eliphelet son of Ahasbai the Maakathite, Eliam son of Ahithophel the Gilonite, 

35   Hezro the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite, 

36   Igal son of Nathan from Zobah, the son of Hagri, 

37   Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah, 

38   Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite 

39   and Uriah the Hittite. There were thirty-seven in all.


[Notes: ‘ The Thirty' are named.]