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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 2 Samuel

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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Samuel 2: David as King of Judah & conflict with Saul's house


v.1-4 David Anointed King Over Judah

v.4-7 David blesses those who had recovered Saul's body

v.8-11 Ish-Bosheth is king over Israel

v.12-17 A Show Fight between the opposing peoples

v.18-23 Asahel is killed by Abner

v.24-32 The conflict reaches a stalemate



v.1-4 David Anointed King Over Judah


v.1 In the course of time, David inquired of the Lord . “Shall I go up to one of the towns of Judah?” he asked.

The Lord said, “Go up.”

David asked, “Where shall I go?”

“To Hebron,” the Lord answered.

v.2 So David went up there with his two wives, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail, the widow of Nabal of Carmel.

v.3 David also took the men who were with him, each with his family, and they settled in Hebron and its towns.

v.4 Then the men of Judah came to Hebron, and there they anointed David king over the tribe of Judah.


[Notes: Again we see David enquiring of the Lord. Again maybe it was via his priest and his prophet who we have seen before. [e.g. 1 Sam 23:9-11, 22:5]. At the time they were still living in the south in Ziklag near the Philistines and so the Lord's direction was to take him more into the interior of Judah, to Hebron, one of the most significant towns of the south (Jerusalem had not been taken yet – see ch.5) and his arrival there prompted the men of Judah to proclaim him king.]



v.4-7 David blesses those who had recovered Saul's body


When David was told that it was the men from Jabesh Gilead who had buried Saul,

v.5 he sent messengers to them to say to them, “The Lord bless you for showing this kindness to Saul your master by burying him.

v.6 May the Lord now show you kindness and faithfulness, and I too will show you the same favour because you have done this.

v.7 Now then, be strong and brave, for Saul your master is dead, and the people of Judah have anointed me king over them.”


[Notes: Although Saul had died on Mount Gilboa, to the south, it had been the men of Jabesh Gilead (to the east of the Jordan and possibly part of Saul's army) who had heard of the Philistines activity and had gone to recover Saul's body – 1 Sam 31:11-13. When David comes from the south to Hebron and hears about this, he simply sends a message to those men, thanking them, a further example of David honouring Saul.]



v.8-11 Ish-Bosheth is king over Israel


v.8 Meanwhile, Abner son of Ner, the commander of Saul's army, had taken Ish-Bosheth son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim. [a city east of the Jordan]

v.9 He made him king over Gilead, Ashuri and Jezreel, and also over Ephraim, Benjamin and all Israel.

v.10 Ish-Bosheth son of Saul was forty years old when he became king over Israel, and he reigned two years. The tribe of Judah, however, remained loyal to David.

v.11 The length of time David was king in Hebron over Judah was seven years and six months.


[Notes: The surviving commander of Saul's army, Abner, had taken Saul's surviving son, Ish-Bosheth, and declared him king to replace Saul in a city to the east, well away from the largely Philistine-controlled areas of Israel. In this seven year period, David appears content to let events show the way, and simply remains as king over Judah.]



v.12-17 A Show Fight between the opposing peoples


v.12  Abner son of Ner, together with the men of Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, left Mahanaim and went to Gibeon.

v.13  Joab son of Zeruiah and David's men went out and met them at the pool of Gibeon. One group sat down on one side of the pool and one group on the other side.

v.14 Then Abner said to Joab, “Let's have some of the young men get up and fight hand to hand in front of us.”

“All right, let them do it,” Joab said.

v.15 So they stood up and were counted off—twelve men for Benjamin and Ish-Bosheth son of Saul, and twelve for David.

v.16 Then each man grabbed his opponent by the head and thrust his dagger into his opponent's side, and they fell down together. So that place in Gibeon was called Helkath Hazzurim.

v.17 The battle that day was very fierce, and Abner and the Israelites were defeated by David's men.


[Notes: The two opposing army generals (of Judah and Israel) move out from their bases and happen to meet at Gibeon, roughly five miles north of Jerusalem, and appear either side of the well-known pool outside Gibeon. Confronting each other across the pool, but perhaps neither being utterly confident in overcoming the other, Abner suggest a contest of some of their men in hand-to-hand fighting which results in the death of twenty-four young men. Following this the main groups fight and Joab and his men prevail.]



v.18-23 Asahel is killed by Abner


v.18 The three sons of Zeruiah were there: Joab, Abishai and Asahel. Now Asahel was as fleet-footed as a wild gazelle.

v.19 He chased Abner, turning neither to the right nor to the left as he pursued him.

v.20 Abner looked behind him and asked, “Is that you, Asahel?”

“It is,” he answered.

v.21 Then Abner said to him, “Turn aside to the right or to the left; take on one of the young men and strip him of his weapons.” But Asahel would not stop chasing him.

v.22 Again Abner warned Asahel, “Stop chasing me! Why should I strike you down? How could I look your brother Joab in the face?”

v.23 But Asahel refused to give up the pursuit; so Abner thrust the butt of his spear into Asahel's stomach, and the spear came out through his back. He fell there and died on the spot. And every man stopped when he came to the place where Asahel had fallen and died.


[Notes: The men scatter and Asahel, younger brother of Judah's commander, Joab, decides to pursue the Israeli commander, Abner, a more mature fighter. Abner doesn't want to kill him so tries to put him off but the younger man refuses and continues to attack him and is then killed by Abner.]



v.24-32 The conflict reaches a stale-mate


v.24 But Joab and Abishai pursued Abner, and as the sun was setting, they came to the hill of Ammah, near Giah on the way to the wasteland of Gibeon.

v.25 Then the men of Benjamin rallied behind Abner. They formed themselves into a group and took their stand on top of a hill.

v.26 Abner called out to Joab, “Must the sword devour forever? Don't you realize that this will end in bitterness? How long before you order your men to stop pursuing their fellow Israelites?”

v.27 Joab answered, “As surely as God lives, if you had not spoken, the men would have continued pursuing them until morning.”

v.28 So Joab blew the trumpet, and all the troops came to a halt; they no longer pursued Israel, nor did they fight anymore.

v.29 All that night Abner and his men marched through the Arabah. They crossed the Jordan, continued through the morning hours and came to Mahanaim.

v.30 Then Joab stopped pursuing Abner and assembled the whole army. Besides Asahel, nineteen of David's men were found missing.

v.31 But David's men had killed three hundred and sixty Benjamites who were with Abner.

v.32 They took Asahel and buried him in his father's tomb at Bethlehem. Then Joab and his men marched all night and arrived at Hebron by daybreak.


[Notes: Abner retreats with Joab in pursuit until more men arrive to support him. He calls to Joab to halt this bloodshed, so Joab regroups and returns to Hebron.]