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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 2 Samuel

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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Sam 18: Absalom Killed


v.1-4 David prepares his troops but it told to stay back

v.5-8 The Two Sides enter battle in the forest

v.9-13 Davids men hold back from killing Absalom

v.14-18 Absalom is killed by Joab

v.19-23 Two runners go to take the news

v.24-30 Ahimaaz outruns the Cushite

v.31-33 The Cushite blurts out the news



v.1-4 David prepares his troops but it told to stay back


v.1 David mustered the men who were with him and appointed over them commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds.

v.2  David sent out his troops, a third under the command of Joab, a third under Joab's brother Abishai son of Zeruiah, and a third under Ittai the Gittite. The king told the troops, “I myself will surely march out with you.”

v.3 But the men said, “You must not go out; if we are forced to flee, they won't care about us. Even if half of us die, they won't care; but you are worth ten thousand of us. It would be better now for you to give us support from the city.”

v.4 The king answered, “I will do whatever seems best to you.”

So the king stood beside the gate while all his men marched out in units of hundreds and of thousands.


[Notes: David divides his troops into three forces. His leaders insist that he himself should not fight.]



v.5-8 The Two Sides enter battle in the forest


v.5 The king commanded Joab, Abishai and Ittai, “Be gentle with the young man Absalom for my sake.” And all the troops heard the king giving orders concerning Absalom to each of the commanders.

v.6 David's army marched out of the city to fight Israel, and the battle took place in the forest of Ephraim.

v.7 There Israel's troops were routed by David's men, and the casualties that day were great—twenty thousand men.

v.8 The battle spread out over the whole countryside, and the forest swallowed up more men that day than the sword.


[Notes: David demands his commanders be easy on Absalom, and his men overpower Absalom's army. The battle and chase moves into the nearby Forest of Ephraim to the north of Mahanaim .]



v.9-13 Davids men hold back from killing Absalom


v.9  Now Absalom happened to meet David's men. He was riding his mule, and as the mule went under the thick branches of a large oak, Absalom's hair got caught in the tree. He was left hanging in midair, while the mule he was riding kept on going.

v.10 When one of the men saw what had happened, he told Joab, “I just saw Absalom hanging in an oak tree.”

v.11 Joab said to the man who had told him this, “What! You saw him? Why didn't you strike him to the ground right there? Then I would have had to give you ten shekels of silver and a warrior's belt.”

v.12 But the man replied, “Even if a thousand shekels were weighed out into my hands, I would not lay a hand on the king's son. In our hearing the king commanded you and Abishai and Ittai, ‘Protect the young man Absalom for my sake.'

v.13 And if I had put my life in jeopardy—and nothing is hidden from the king—you would have kept your distance from me.”


[Notes: In the forest Absalom gets caught up in the overhanging branches of a tree and is left hanging there, but David men will not attack him having heard David's command, but nevertheless tell Joab.]



v.14-18 Absalom is killed by Joab


v.14 Joab said, “I'm not going to wait like this for you.” So he took three javelins in his hand and plunged them into Absalom's heart while Absalom was still alive in the oak tree.

v.15 And ten of Joab's armor-bearers surrounded Absalom, struck him and killed him.

v.16 Then Joab sounded the trumpet, and the troops stopped pursuing Israel, for Joab halted them.

v.17 They took Absalom, threw him into a big pit in the forest and piled up a large heap of rocks over him. Meanwhile, all the Israelites fled to their homes.

v.18 During his lifetime Absalom had taken a pillar and erected it in the King's Valley as a monument to himself, for he thought, “I have no son to carry on the memory of my name.” He named the pillar after himself, and it is called Absalom's Monument to this day.


[Notes: Joab has no such scruples about killing an enemy, related to the king or not, and so kills Absalom. Joab calls off the pursuit of the enemy.]



v.19-23 Two runners go to take the news


v.19 Now Ahimaaz son of Zadok said, “Let me run and take the news to the king that the Lord has vindicated him by delivering him from the hand of his enemies.”

v.20 “You are not the one to take the news today,” Joab told him. “You may take the news another time, but you must not do so today, because the king's son is dead.”

v.21 Then Joab said to a Cushite, “Go, tell the king what you have seen.” The Cushite bowed down before Joab and ran off.

v.22 Ahimaaz son of Zadok again said to Joab, “Come what may, please let me run behind the Cushite.”

But Joab replied, “My son, why do you want to go? You don't have any news that will bring you a reward.”

v.23 He said, “Come what may, I want to run.”

So Joab said, “Run!” Then Ahimaaz ran by way of the plain and outran the Cushite.


[Notes: Ahimaaz, who had been one of the messengers from outside Jerusalem (17:17) wants to continue in his role as a messenger but Joab knows this will not be good news for David and instead sends a foreigner, a Cushite, so the news will not appear so personal. Ahimaaz persists and so eventually Joab gives way and allows him to go, and he manages to outrun the Cushite.]



v.24-30 Ahimaaz outruns the Cushite


v.24 While David was sitting between the inner and outer gates, the watchman went up to the roof of the gateway by the wall. As he looked out, he saw a man running alone.

v.25 The watchman called out to the king and reported it.

The king said, “If he is alone, he must have good news.” And the runner came closer and closer.

v.26 Then the watchman saw another runner, and he called down to the gatekeeper, “Look, another man running alone!”

The king said, “He must be bringing good news, too.”

v.27 The watchman said, “It seems to me that the first one runs like Ahimaaz son of Zadok.”

“He's a good man,” the king said. “He comes with good news.”

v.28 Then Ahimaaz called out to the king, “All is well!” He bowed down before the king with his face to the ground and said, “Praise be to the Lord your God! He has delivered up those who lifted their hands against my lord the king.”

v.29 The king asked, “Is the young man Absalom safe?”

Ahimaaz answered, “I saw great confusion just as Joab was about to send the king's servant and me, your servant, but I don't know what it was.”

v.30 The king said, “Stand aside and wait here.” So he stepped aside and stood there.


[Notes: Meanwhile David is still back at the city, waiting for news. Ahimaaz, we might say today ‘soft-pedaled' the news and while conveying success, leaves the news about Absalom open-ended.]



v.31-33 The Cushite blurts out the news


v.31 Then the Cushite arrived and said, “My lord the king, hear the good news! The Lord has vindicated you today by delivering you from the hand of all who rose up against you.”

v.32 The king asked the Cushite, “Is the young man Absalom safe?”

The Cushite replied, “May the enemies of my lord the king and all who rise up to harm you be like that young man.”

v.33 The king was shaken. He went up to the room over the gateway and wept. As he went, he said: “O my son Absalom! My son, my son Absalom! If only I had died instead of you—O Absalom, my son, my son!”


[Notes: When the Cushite arrives he has no hesitation in blurting out the news of Absalom's death, and David grieves deeply.]