ReadBibleAlive.com                                          Front Page

Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 2 Kings

(Return to Old Testament Contents)

 

FRAMEWORKS: 2 Kings 1: The LORD's Judgment on Ahaziah of Israel

 

Background Context:

Israel

Judah

Ahab – [22] died by arrow in battle

Asa [41]

Ahaziah [1K 22:40] [2] – died from fall

Jehoshaphat [1K 22:41] [25]

Joram – [2K 1:17] [12] killed by Jehu

Jehoram [1K 22:50] [8]

 

v.1,2 Ahaziah consults a false god after an accident

v.3,4 Elijah is sent with a message

v.5-8 The Messengers tell Ahaziah of Elijah's Message

v.9-12 Twice the king sends men to get Elijah and they are killed

v.13-15 The third commander pleads for mercy and Elijah goes

v.16-18 Elijah rebukes Ahaziah and he dies

 

 

v.1,2 Ahaziah consults a false god after an accident

 

v.1 After Ahab's death, Moab rebelled against Israel. 

v.2 Now Ahaziah had fallen through the lattice of his upper room in Samaria and injured himself. So he sent messengers, saying to them, “Go and consult Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron, to see if I will recover from this injury.” 

 

[Notes: Ahaziah, son of Ahab, had succeeded his father when Ahab had died, [1 Kings 22:51] in the 17 th year of the 25 year reign of Jehoshaphat in the south. We've already been told he only reigned for 2 years [1 Kings 22:51]. As we'll see, when he died his brother Joram took over [2 Kings 3:1] a year later. At the moment Ahaziah has had an accident and his life is in jeopardy. He sends to see what one of the Philistine gods would say about this.]

 

 

v.3,4 Elijah is sent with a message

 

PROPHECY

v.3 But the angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, “Go up and meet the messengers of the king of Samaria and ask them, ‘Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are going off to consult Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron?' 

v.4 Therefore this is what the LORD says: ‘You will not leave the bed you are lying on. You will certainly die!'” So Elijah went. 

 

[Notes: The Lord intervenes through Elijah with a rebuke for the fallen king.]

 

 

v.5-8 The Messengers tell Ahaziah of Elijah's Message

 

v.5 When the messengers returned to the king, he asked them, “Why have you come back?” 

v.6 “A man came to meet us,” they replied. “And he said to us, ‘Go back to the king who sent you and tell him, “This is what the LORD says: Is it because there is no God in Israel that you are sending messengers to consult Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron? Therefore you will not leave the bed you are lying on. You will certainly die!”'” 

v.7 The king asked them, “What kind of man was it who came to meet you and told you this?” 

v.8 They replied, “He had a garment of hair and had a leather belt around his waist.” The king said, “That was Elijah the Tishbite.” 

 

[ Notes: The messengers go back and tell the king and he realizes the message came from Elijah.]

 

 

v.9-12 Twice the king sends men to get Elijah and they are killed

 

v.9 Then he sent to Elijah a captain with his company of fifty men. The captain went up to Elijah, who was sitting on the top of a hill, and said to him, “Man of God, the king says, ‘Come down!'” 

v.10 Elijah answered the captain, “If I am a man of God, may fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men!” Then fire fell from heaven and consumed the captain and his men. 

v.11 At this the king sent to Elijah another captain with his fifty men. The captain said to him, “Man of God, this is what the king says, ‘Come down at once!' ” 

v.12 “If I am a man of God,” Elijah replied, “may fire come down from heaven and consume you and your fifty men!” Then the fire of God fell from heaven and consumed him and his fifty men. 

 

[Notes: The sacred office of prophet being upheld by the Lord is seen in what follows. The king sends a troop to bring Elijah to him but fire falls on them and consumes them. This happens twice.]

 

 

v.13-15 The third commander pleads for mercy and Elijah goes

 

v.13 So the king sent a third captain with his fifty men. This third captain went up and fell on his knees before Elijah. “Man of God,” he begged, “please have respect for my life and the lives of these fifty men, your servants! 

v.14 See, fire has fallen from heaven and consumed the first two captains and all their men. But now have respect for my life!” 

v.15 The angel of the LORD said to Elijah, “Go down with him; do not be afraid of him.” So Elijah got up and went down with him to the king. 

 

[Notes: The third captain, rather than seeking to apprehend Elijah, simply appealed to him to not use his power to destroy him. So the Lord reassures Elijah it is safe to go to the king.]

 

 

v.16-18 Elijah rebukes Ahaziah and he dies

PROPHECY

v.16 He told the king, “This is what the LORD says: Is it because there is no God in Israel for you to consult that you have sent messengers to consult Baal-Zebub, the god of Ekron? Because you have done this, you will never leave the bed you are lying on. You will certainly die!” 

v.17 So he died, according to the word of the LORD that Elijah had spoken. Because Ahaziah had no son, Joram  succeeded him as king in the second year of Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. 

v.18 As for all the other events of Ahaziah's reign, and what he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?

 

[Notes: Elijah basically repeats the message seen in verses 3 to 6 that are a direct rebuke of the king and a warning that he will certainly die – which is what happens. As there is no son to follow him, Joram becomes king [who some suggest may have been his brother.]

In order to try to keep a balance between the two kingdoms we are told that Jehoshaphat's son Jehoram is reigning – his second year [v.17]. Later, when we get past all the detail of Elisha's activity and pick up again on the kings, we will note that Jehoshaphat reigned from 870 (having already reigned as co-regent with Asa for 3 years), and continued reigning until 848, the last 5 years as co-regent with Jehoram. Thus at this period of history there are now three kings between the two nations: Joram in Israel and both Jehoshaphat AND Jehoram in Judah.]

  

    

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 2