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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Chronicles 9: The Queen of Sheba visits & Solomon's affluence


[Introductory Notes: This chapter reveals the peak of Solomon's reign. When the Queen of Sheba comes, she provides a testimony of the incredible blessing of God that Solomon has received. The second part of the chapter simply acts as a summary of his affluence, and then the chapter quietly closes with his death and the follow on by Rehoboam his son. There is nothing of the divine encounters recorded in 1 Kings 11 and the reasons for what follows. It is almost as if the recorder wishes to avoid anything that might tarnish the reputation of Solomon.]


PART ONE: v.1-12: The Queen of Sheba visits
PART TWO: v.13-28: Solomon's splendour
PART THREE: v.29-31: Solomon's death



PART ONE: v.1-12: The Queen of Sheba visits


v.1 The Queen of Sheba makes a state visit


v.1 When the queen of Sheba [far south of the Arabian Peninsular] heard of Solomon's fame, she came to Jerusalem to test him with hard questions. Arriving with a very great caravan – with camels carrying spices, large quantities of gold, and precious stones – she came to Solomon and talked with him about all she had on her mind.


v.2-4 Solomon's wisdom & affluence overwhelms her


v.2  Solomon answered all her questions; nothing was too hard for him to explain to her.

v.3  When the queen of Sheba saw the wisdom of Solomon, as well as the palace he had built,

v.4  the food on his table, the seating of his officials, the attending servants in their robes, the cupbearers in their robes and the burnt offerings he made at the temple of the Lord, she was overwhelmed.


v.5-7 She extols him and all she has seen


v.5  She said to the king, ‘The report I heard in my own country about your achievements and your wisdom is true.

v.6  But I did not believe what they said until I came and saw with my own eyes. Indeed, not even half the greatness of your wisdom was told me; you have far exceeded the report I heard.

v.7  How happy your people must be! How happy your officials, who continually stand before you and hear your wisdom!


v.8 She praises the Lord for His love and His work


v.8  Praise be to the Lord your God, who has delighted in you and placed you on his throne as king to rule for the Lord your God. Because of the love of your God for Israel and his desire to uphold them for ever, he has made you king over them, to maintain justice and righteousness.'


v.9-11 Gifts received


v.9  Then she gave the king 120 talents of gold, large quantities of spices, and precious stones. There had never been such spices as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.

v.10  (The servants of Hiram and the servants of Solomon brought gold from Ophir; they also brought algum-wood and precious stones.

v.11  The king used the algum-wood to make steps for the temple of the Lord and for the royal palace, and to make harps and lyres for the musicians. Nothing like them had ever been seen in Judah.)


v.12 Gifts given in return


v.12  King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for; he gave her more than she had brought to him. Then she left and returned with her retinue to her own country.


PART TWO: v.13-28: Solomon's splendour


v.13-16 Extensive use of gold


v.13  The weight of the gold that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents,

v.14  not including the revenues brought in by merchants and traders. Also all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the territories brought gold and silver to Solomon.

v.15 King Solomon made two hundred large shields of hammered gold; six hundred shekels of hammered gold went into each shield.

v.16 He also made three hundred small shields of hammered gold, with three hundred shekels of gold in each shield. The king put them in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon.


v.17-19 Solomon's throne


v.17  Then the king made a great throne covered with ivory and overlaid with pure gold.

v.18  The throne had six steps, and a footstool of gold was attached to it. On both sides of the seat were armrests, with a lion standing beside each of them.

v.19  Twelve lions stood on the six steps, one at either end of each step. Nothing like it had ever been made for any other kingdom.


v.20-22 Other aspects of Solomon's affluence


v.20  All King Solomon's goblets were gold, and all the household articles in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. Nothing was made of silver, because silver was considered of little value in Solomon's day.

v.21  The king had a fleet of trading ships manned by Hiram's servants. Once every three years it returned, carrying gold, silver and ivory, and apes and baboons.

v.22  King Solomon was greater in riches and wisdom than all the other kings of the earth.


v.23-28 Solomon's fame and subsequenct affluence


v.23  All the kings of the earth sought audience with Solomon to hear the wisdom God had put in his heart.

v.24  Year after year, everyone who came brought a gift – articles of silver and gold, and robes, weapons and spices, and horses and mules.

v.25  Solomon had four thousand stalls for horses and chariots, and twelve thousand horses, which he kept in the chariot cities and also with him in Jerusalem.

v.26  He ruled over all the kings from the River Euphrates to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt.

v.27  The king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar as plentiful as sycamore-fig trees in the foothills.

v.28  Solomon's horses were imported from Egypt and from all other countries.


PART THREE: v.29-31: Solomon's death


v.29  As for the other events of Solomon's reign, from beginning to end, are they not written in the records of Nathan the prophet, in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite and in the visions of Iddo the seer concerning Jeroboam son of Nebat?

v.30  Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel for forty years.

v.31  Then he rested with his ancestors and was buried in the city of David his father. And Rehoboam his son succeeded him as king.



Continue to Ch.10