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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Chronicles 33: Manasseh & Amon, kings of Judah


[Introductory Notes: The record of Manasseh found here [and in 2 Kings 21] is quite remarkable in that:

i) he was possibly one of the worst kings of Judah [see v.2-10]

ii) yet when God disciplined him with exile, he genuinely repented [v.11,12]

iii) and so the Lord restored him to his rule in Jerusalem [v.13]

iv] where he strengthened Jerusalem and cleaned away all idol worship.

What is also noted is that although Manasseh came back to the Lord, the people at large didn't and he failed to do anything about that. Yet it is an incredible demonstration of God's mercy when He obviously can see the potential of repentance, however evil the person may be. When his son, Amon, follows him he is a bad king and only lasts two years.]



v.1,2 Manasseh's reign starts


v.1   Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for fifty-five years.

v.2   He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, following the detestable practices of the nations the Lord had driven out before the Israelites.


v.3-11 Manasseh's evil


v.3  He [i] rebuilt the high places his father Hezekiah had demolished; he [ii] also erected altars to the Baals and made Asherah poles. He [iii] bowed down to all the starry hosts and worshipped them.

v.4  He [iv] built altars in the temple of the Lord, of which the Lord had said, ‘My Name will remain in Jerusalem for ever.'

v.5  In both courts of the temple of the Lord, he built altars to all the starry hosts.

v.6  He [v] sacrificed his children in the fire in the Valley of Ben Hinnom, [vi] practised divination and witchcraft, sought omens, and consulted mediums and spiritists. He did much evil in the eyes of the Lord , arousing his anger.

v.He [vii] took the image he had made and put it in God's temple, of which God had said to David and to his son Solomon, ‘In this temple and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, I will put my Name for ever.

v.8  I will not again make the feet of the Israelites leave the land I assigned to your ancestors, if only they will be careful to do everything that I commanded them concerning all the laws, decrees and regulations given through Moses.'

v.9  But Manasseh [viii] led Judah and the people of Jerusalem astray, so that they did more evil than the nations the Lord had destroyed before the Israelites.

v.10  The Lord spoke to Manasseh and his people, [ix] but they paid no attention.


v.11-13 Taken to Babylon, Manasseh repents and is returned to Jerusalem by the Lord


v.11  So the Lord brought against them the army commanders of the king of Assyria, who took Manasseh prisoner, put a hook in his nose, bound him with bronze shackles and took him to Babylon.

v.12  In his distress he sought the favour of the Lord his God and humbled himself greatly before the God of his ancestors.

v.13  And when he prayed to him, the Lord was moved by his entreaty and listened to his plea; so he brought him back to Jerusalem and to his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that the Lord is God.


v.14-16 Manasseh brings restoration to Jerusalem


v.14  Afterwards he rebuilt the outer wall of the City of David, west of the Gihon spring in the valley, as far as the entrance of the Fish Gate and encircling the hill of Ophel; he also made it much higher. He stationed military commanders in all the fortified cities in Judah.

v.15  He got rid of the foreign gods and removed the image from the temple of the Lord , as well as all the altars he had built on the temple hill and in Jerusalem; and he threw them out of the city.

v.16  Then he restored the altar of the Lord and sacrificed fellowship offerings and thank-offerings on it, and told Judah to serve the Lord, the God of Israel.


v.17 Nevertheless the people didn't turn back to God


v.17  The people, however, continued to sacrifice at the high places, but only to the Lord their God.


v.18-20 Concluding Manasseh's reign


v.18  The other events of Manasseh's reign, including his prayer to his God and the words the seers spoke to him in the name of the Lord , the God of Israel, are written in the annals of the kings of Israel.

v.19  His prayer and how God was moved by his entreaty, as well as all his sins and unfaithfulness, and the sites where he built high places and set up Asherah poles and idols before he humbled himself – all these are written in the records of the seers.

v.20   Manasseh rested with his ancestors and was buried in his palace. And Amon his son succeeded him as king.


v.21-25 Amon's brief and bad reign


v.21   Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem for two years.

v.22  He did evil in the eyes of the Lord, as his father Manasseh had done. Amon worshipped and offered sacrifices to all the idols Manasseh had made.

v.23  But unlike his father Manasseh, he did not humble himself before the Lord; Amon increased his guilt.

v.24  Amon's officials conspired against him and assassinated him in his palace.

v.25  Then the people of the land killed all who had plotted against King Amon, and they made Josiah his son king in his place.



Continue to Ch.34