2 Chronicles 25: Amaziah
king of Judah
Notes: This chapter is the rather inglorious history
of Amaziah, son of Joash who makes himself an army, is rebuked
by the Lord, goes up against Israel and is defeated. Nevertheless
he manages to survive but is later killed by his own people.]
Amaziah as king
twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem
for twenty-nine years. His mother's name was
Jehoaddan; she was from Jerusalem.
did what was right in the eyes of the Lord,
but not wholeheartedly.
He executes those who had killed Joash
the kingdom was firmly in his control, he executed the officials
who had murdered his father the king.
he did not put their children to death, but acted in accordance
with what is written in the Law, in the Book of Moses, where the
commanded: ‘Parents shall not be put to death for their children,
nor children be put to death for their parents; each will die
for their own sin.'
He creates a strong army
called the people of Judah together and assigned them according
to their families to commanders of thousands and commanders of
hundreds for all Judah and Benjamin. He then mustered those twenty
years old or more and found that there were three hundred thousand
men fit for military service, able to handle the spear and shield.
also hired a hundred thousand fighting men from Israel for a hundred
talents of silver.
He is challenged for hiring men from outside Judah
a man of God came to him and said, ‘Your Majesty, these troops
from Israel must not march with you, for the Lord
is not with
Israel – not with any of the people of Ephraim.
if you go and fight courageously in battle, God will overthrow
you before the enemy, for God has the power to help or to overthrow.'
asked the man of God, ‘But what about the hundred talents I paid
for these Israelite troops?'
man of God replied, ‘The Lord
can give you
much more than that.'
He puts things right and has victory but the others cause havoc
Amaziah dismissed the troops who had come to him from Ephraim
and sent them home. They were furious with Judah and left for
home in a great rage.
then marshalled his strength and led his army to the Valley of
Salt, where he killed ten thousand men of Seir.
army of Judah also captured ten thousand men alive, took them
to the top of a cliff and threw them down so that all were dashed
the troops that Amaziah had sent back and had not allowed to take
part in the war raided towns belonging to Judah from Samaria to
Beth Horon. They killed three thousand people and carried off
great quantities of plunder.
He foolishly brought back and set up pagan gods
Amaziah returned from slaughtering the Edomites, he brought back
the gods of the people of Seir. He set them up as his own gods,
bowed down to them and burned sacrifices to them.
The Lord rebukes him
anger of the Lord
Amaziah, and he sent a prophet to him, who said, ‘Why do you consult
this people's gods, which could not save their own people from
he was still speaking, the king said to him, ‘Have we appointed
you an advisor to the king? Stop! Why be struck down?'
the prophet stopped but said, ‘I know that God has determined
to destroy you, because you have done this and have not listened
to my counsel.'
Amaziah decides to challenge Israel
Amaziah king of Judah consulted his advisors,
he sent this challenge to Jehoash son of Jehoahaz,
the son of Jehu, king of Israel: ‘Come, let us face each
other in battle.'
The king of Israel derides him
Jehoash king of Israel replied to Amaziah king
of Judah, ‘A thistle in Lebanon sent a message to a cedar in Lebanon,
“Give your daughter to my son in marriage.” Then a wild beast
in Lebanon came along and trampled the thistle underfoot.
say to yourself that you have defeated Edom, and now you are arrogant
and proud. But stay at home! Why ask for trouble and cause your
own downfall and that of Judah also?'
He nevertheless opposed Israel and was defeated by them
however, would not listen, for God so worked that he might deliver
them into the hands of Jehoash, because they sought the gods of
Jehoash king of Israel attacked. He and Amaziah
king of Judah faced each other at Beth Shemesh in Judah.
was routed by Israel, and every man fled to his home.
king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son
of Joash, the son of Ahaziah, at Beth Shemesh. Then Jehoash brought
him to Jerusalem and broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the
Ephraim Gate to the Corner Gate – a section about four hundred
took all the gold and silver and all the articles found in the
temple of God that had been in the care of Obed-Edom, together
with the palace treasures and the hostages, and returned to Samaria.
Somehow Amaziah survived this conflict but was murdered by his
Amaziah son of Joash king of Judah lived for
fifteen years after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king
for the other events of Amaziah's reign, from beginning to end,
are they not written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel?
the time that Amaziah turned away from following the Lord,
they conspired against him in Jerusalem and he fled to Lachish,
but they sent men after him to Lachish and killed him there.
was brought back by horse and was buried with his ancestors in
the City of Judah.