2 Chronicles 23: Jehoiada protects Joash and makes him king
Notes: Remarkably Joash is not named in this chapter
which is all about how he was protected from his grandmother by
Jehoiada the priest and the loyal people around him, who eventually
killed her and made the boy king while committing themselves to
the Lord and removing the temple of Baal.]
Jehoiada, the priest gathers a strong support group
the seventh year Jehoiada [see
22:11 – priest married to Jehosheba] showed
his strength. He made a covenant with the commanders of units
of a hundred: Azariah son of Jeroham, Ishmael son of Jehohanan,
Azariah son of Obed, Maaseiah son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat son
He gathers Levites to fulfil God's declared will
went throughout Judah and gathered the Levites and the heads of
Israelite families from all the towns. When they came to Jerusalem,
whole assembly made a covenant with the king at the temple of
said to them, ‘The king's son shall reign, as the Lord
the descendants of David.
He ordered the Levites into protection groups
this is what you are to do: a third of you priests and Levites
who are going on duty on the Sabbath are to keep watch at the
third of you at the royal palace and a third at the Foundation
Gate, and all the others are to be in the courtyards of the temple
of the Lord.
one is to enter the temple of the Lord
priests and Levites on duty; they may enter because they are consecrated,
but all the others are to observe the Lord's
command not to enter.
Levites are to station themselves round the king, each with weapon
in hand. Anyone who enters the temple is to be put to death. Stay
close to the king wherever he goes.'
Levites and all the men of Judah did just as Jehoiada the priest
ordered. Each one took his men – those who were going on
duty on the Sabbath and those who were going off duty – for
Jehoiada the priest had not released any of the divisions.
He placed armed men around the boy-king
he gave the commanders of units of a hundred the spears and the
large and small shields that had belonged to King David and that
were in the temple of God.
stationed all the men, each with his weapon in his hand, round
the king – near the altar and the temple, from the south
side to the north side of the temple.
They declared him king
and his sons brought out the king's son and put the crown on him;
they presented him with a copy of the covenant and proclaimed
him king. They anointed him and shouted, ‘Long live the king!'
The usurper queen realised what was happening
Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and cheering the
king, she went to them at the temple of the Lord.
looked, and there was the king, standing by his pillar at the
entrance. The officers and the trumpeters were beside the king,
and all the people of the land were rejoicing and blowing trumpets,
and musicians with their instruments were leading the praises.
Then Athaliah tore her robes and shouted, ‘Treason! Treason!'
But they arrested her and put her to death
the priest sent out the commanders of units of a hundred, who
were in charge of the troops, and said to them: ‘Bring her out
between the ranks and put to the sword anyone who follows her.'
For the priest had said, ‘Do not put her to death at the temple
of the Lord.'
they seized her as she reached the entrance of the Horse Gate
on the palace grounds, and there they put her to death.
They all committed themselves to the Lord
then made a covenant that he, the people and the king would be
They all destroyed the temple of Baal
the people went to the temple of Baal and tore it down. They smashed
the altars and idols and killed Mattan the priest of Baal in front
of the altars.
Jehoiada made the Temple secure
Jehoiada placed the oversight of the temple of the Lord
in the hands
of the Levitical priests, to whom David had made assignments in
the temple, to present the burnt offerings of the Lord
in the Law of Moses, with rejoicing and singing, as David had
also stationed gatekeepers at the gates of the Lord's
temple so that no one who was in any way unclean might enter.
With all the leaders they made Joash king
took with him the commanders of hundreds, the nobles, the rulers
of the people and all the people of the land and brought the king
down from the temple of the Lord.
They went into the palace through the Upper Gate and seated the
king on the royal throne.
the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was calm, because
Athaliah had been slain with the sword.