2 Chronicles 13: Abijah
king of Judah
Notes: Although Abijah only reigned for three years,
we are shown his reliance on the Lord and his victory over Jeroboam
Abijah (Judah) & Jeroboam (Israel) prepare to fight
the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam,
Abijah became king of Judah,
he reigned in Jerusalem for three years. His
mother's name was Maakah, a daughter of Uriel of Gibeah.
was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.
went into battle with an army of four hundred thousand
able fighting men, and Jeroboam drew up a battle
line against him with eight hundred thousand able troops.
Abijah challenges Israel
stood on Mount Zemaraim, in the hill country of Ephraim,
and said, ‘Jeroboam and all Israel, listen to me!
He reminds them that God had given the kingdom to David &
you know that the Lord,
the God of Israel, has given the kingship of Israel to David and
his descendants for ever by a covenant of salt?
He reminds them that Jerobosam had rebelled
Jeroboam son of Nebat, an official of Solomon son of David, rebelled
against his master.
worthless scoundrels gathered around him and opposed Rehoboam
son of Solomon when he was young and indecisive and not strong
enough to resist them.
He points out they are resisting God's kingdom
now you plan to resist the kingdom of the Lord,
which is in the hands of David's descendants. You are indeed a
vast army and have with you the golden calves that Jeroboam made
to be your gods.
points out they are following a counterfeit religion...
didn't you drive out the priests of the Lord,
the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and make priests of your own
as the peoples of other lands do? Whoever comes to consecrate
himself with a young bull and seven rams may become a priest of
what are not gods.
...whereas they remain true to the Lord who is on their side
for us, the Lord
is our God,
and we have not forsaken him. The priests who serve the Lord
are sons of
Aaron, and the Levites assist them.
morning and evening they present burnt offerings and fragrant
incense to the Lord.
They set out the bread on the ceremonially clean table and light
the lamps on the gold lampstand every evening. We are observing
the requirements of the Lord
our God. But
you have forsaken him.
is with us; he is our leader. His priests with their trumpets
will sound the battle cry against you. People of Israel, do not
fight against the Lord,
the God of your ancestors, for you will not succeed.'
Jeroboam had planned an ambush
Jeroboam had sent troops round to the rear, so that while he was
in front of Judah the ambush was behind them.
So Judah cried to the Lord who routed Israel
turned and saw that they were being attacked at both front and
rear. Then they cried out to the Lord.
The priests blew their trumpets
the men of Judah raised the battle cry. At the sound of their
battle cry, God routed Jeroboam and all Israel
before Abijah and Judah.
Israelites fled before Judah, and God delivered them into their
and his troops inflicted heavy losses on them, so that there were
five hundred thousand casualties among Israel's able men.
Thus Abijah prevailed over Jeroboam with the Lord's help
Israelites were subdued on that occasion, and the people of Judah
were victorious because they relied on the Lord,
the God of their ancestors.
pursued Jeroboam and took from him the towns of Bethel, Jeshanah
and Ephron, with their surrounding villages.
did not regain power during the time of Abijah. And the Lord
down and he died.
Abijah grew in strength. He married fourteen wives and had twenty-two
sons and sixteen daughters.
other events of Abijah's reign, what he did and what he said,
are written in the annotations of the prophet Iddo.