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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 2 Chronicles 13: Abijah king of Judah

 

[Introductory Notes: Although Abijah only reigned for three years, we are shown his reliance on the Lord and his victory over Jeroboam and Israel.]

 

 

v.1-3 Abijah (Judah) & Jeroboam (Israel) prepare to fight

  

v.1  In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, Abijah became king of Judah,

v.2  and he reigned in Jerusalem for three years. His mother's name was Maakah, a daughter of Uriel of Gibeah.

There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.

v.3  Abijah went into battle with an army of four hundred thousand able fighting men, and Jeroboam drew up a battle line against him with eight hundred thousand able troops.

 

v.4 Abijah challenges Israel

  

v.4  Abijah stood on Mount Zemaraim, in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, ‘Jeroboam and all Israel, listen to me!

 

v.5 He reminds them that God had given the kingdom to David & his descendants

    

v.5  Don't you know that the Lord, the God of Israel, has given the kingship of Israel to David and his descendants for ever by a covenant of salt?

 

v.6,7 He reminds them that Jerobosam had rebelled

 

v.Yet Jeroboam son of Nebat, an official of Solomon son of David, rebelled against his master.

v.7  Some worthless scoundrels gathered around him and opposed Rehoboam son of Solomon when he was young and indecisive and not strong enough to resist them.

 

v.8 He points out they are resisting God's kingdom

 

v.8  ‘And now you plan to resist the kingdom of the Lord, which is in the hands of David's descendants. You are indeed a vast army and have with you the golden calves that Jeroboam made to be your gods.

 

v.9 He also points out they are following a counterfeit religion...

v.9  But didn't you drive out the priests of the Lord, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and make priests of your own as the peoples of other lands do? Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams may become a priest of what are not gods.

 

v.10-12 ...whereas they remain true to the Lord who is on their side

   

v.10  ‘As for us, the Lord is our God, and we have not forsaken him. The priests who serve the Lord are sons of Aaron, and the Levites assist them.

v.11  Every morning and evening they present burnt offerings and fragrant incense to the Lord. They set out the bread on the ceremonially clean table and light the lamps on the gold lampstand every evening. We are observing the requirements of the Lord our God. But you have forsaken him.

v.12  God is with us; he is our leader. His priests with their trumpets will sound the battle cry against you. People of Israel, do not fight against the Lord, the God of your ancestors, for you will not succeed.'

 

v.13 Jeroboam had planned an ambush

   

v.13  Now Jeroboam had sent troops round to the rear, so that while he was in front of Judah the ambush was behind them.

 

v.14-17 So Judah cried to the Lord who routed Israel

   

v.14  Judah turned and saw that they were being attacked at both front and rear. Then they cried out to the Lord. The priests blew their trumpets

v.15  and the men of Judah raised the battle cry. At the sound of their battle cry, God routed Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah.

v.16  The Israelites fled before Judah, and God delivered them into their hands.

v.17  Abijah and his troops inflicted heavy losses on them, so that there were five hundred thousand casualties among Israel's able men.

 

v.18-22 Thus Abijah prevailed over Jeroboam with the Lord's help

  

v.18  The Israelites were subdued on that occasion, and the people of Judah were victorious because they relied on the Lord, the God of their ancestors.

v.19  Abijah pursued Jeroboam and took from him the towns of Bethel, Jeshanah and Ephron, with their surrounding villages.

v.20  Jeroboam did not regain power during the time of Abijah. And the Lord struck him down and he died.

v.21  But Abijah grew in strength. He married fourteen wives and had twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters.

v.22  The other events of Abijah's reign, what he did and what he said, are written in the annotations of the prophet Iddo.

   

  

Continue to Ch.14