Front Page

Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel

(Return to Old Testament Contents)


FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel 27: David Among the Philistines


v.1-4 David finds safety at Gath

v.5-7 David is given Ziklag by Achish

v.8-12 David becomes a Guerilla fighter



v.1-4 David finds safety at Gath


v.1 But David thought to himself, “One of these days I will be destroyed by the hand of Saul. The best thing I can do is to escape to the land of the Philistines. Then Saul will give up searching for me anywhere in Israel, and I will slip out of his hand.”

v.2 So David and the six hundred men with him left and went over to Achish son of Maok king of Gath.

v.3 David and his men settled in Gath with Achish. Each man had his family with him, and David had his two wives: Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail of Carmel, the widow of Nabal.

v.4 When Saul was told that David had fled to Gath, he no longer searched for him.


[Notes: David is a realist and knows that although he has diverted Saul twice, Saul will eventually come back after him, so he turns south and goes to the Philistine city of Gath for safety from Saul.]



v.5-7 David is given Ziklag by Achish


v.5 Then David said to Achish, “If I have found favor in your eyes, let a place be assigned to me in one of the country towns, that I may live there. Why should your servant live in the royal city with you?”

v.6 So on that day Achish gave him Ziklag, and it has belonged to the kings of Judah ever since.

v.7 David lived in Philistine territory a year and four months.


[Notes: David manages to convince the ruler of Gath that he is not a threat and even persuades him to give him the town of Ziklag, some twenty miles south of Gath when he and his men could live out of the way, and there he settles.]



v.8-12 David becomes a Guerilla fighter


v.8 Now David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Girzites and the Amalekites. (From ancient times these peoples had lived in the land extending to Shur and Egypt.)

v.9 Whenever David attacked an area, he did not leave a man or woman alive, but took sheep and cattle, donkeys and camels, and clothes. Then he returned to Achish.

v.10 When Achish asked, “Where did you go raiding today?” David would say, “Against the Negev of Judah” or “Against the Negev of Jerahmeel” or “Against the Negev of the Kenites.”

v.11 He did not leave a man or woman alive to be brought to Gath, for he thought, “They might inform on us and say, ‘This is what David did.'” And such was his practice as long as he lived in Philistine territory.

v.12 Achish trusted David and said to himself, “He has become so obnoxious to his people, the Israelites, that he will be my servant for life.”


[Notes: All around the area of the south were various, largely nomadic tribes, and David spent his time with his army, wiping out any of these he came across. In this way no one was left to tell of his actions. Instead he told Achish that he had been fighting Israelites in Judah. This pleased Achish who trusted him. Thus David was able to continue doing a cleaning up operation in the far south without harming any of his own people in Israel.]