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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel 24: David Spares Saul's Life


v.1-3 Saul Pursues David

v.4-7 David feels bad about cutting Saul's robe

v.8-15 David calls after Saul

v.16-22 Saul responds well



v.1-3 Saul Pursues David


v.1 After Saul returned from pursuing the Philistines, he was told, “David is in the Desert of En Gedi.”

v.2 So Saul took three thousand able young men from all Israel and set out to look for David and his men near the Crags of the Wild Goats.

v.3 He came to the sheep pens along the way; a cave was there, and Saul went in to relieve himself. David and his men were far back in the cave.


[Notes: Yet again, Saul is told of David's location and the game of ‘cat and mouse' continues into the craggy, hilly area where David was. There follows an almost amusing incident where the call of nature meant that Saul used the mouth of a large cave where David and his men were hiding.]



v.4-7 David feels bad about cutting Saul's robe


v.4 The men said, “This is the day the Lord spoke of when he said to you, ‘I will give your enemy into your hands for you to deal with as you wish.'” Then David crept up unnoticed and cut off a corner of Saul's robe.

v.5 Afterward, David was conscience-stricken for having cut off a corner of his robe.

v.6 He said to his men, “The Lord forbid that I should do such a thing to my master, the Lord 's anointed, or lay my hand on him; for he is the anointed of the Lord.”

v.7 With these words David sharply rebuked his men and did not allow them to attack Saul. And Saul left the cave and went his way.


[Notes: David's men incite him to take out Saul then and there and David crept nearer and took a memento of the corner of Saul's cloak he had left hanging up. Having done, this we see something of the righteous sensitivity of David's heart who, recognising that Saul is still God's anointed, feels bad that he has even done this to Saul, and thus disrespected him. He will not let his men touch Saul.]



v.8-15 David calls after Saul


v.8 Then David went out of the cave and called out to Saul, “My lord the king!” When Saul looked behind him, David bowed down and prostrated himself with his face to the ground.

v.9 He said to Saul, “Why do you listen when men say, ‘David is bent on harming you'?

v.10 This day you have seen with your own eyes how the Lord delivered you into my hands in the cave. Some urged me to kill you, but I spared you; I said, ‘I will not lay my hand on my lord, because he is the Lord 's anointed.'

v.11 See, my father, look at this piece of your robe in my hand! I cut off the corner of your robe but did not kill you. See that there is nothing in my hand to indicate that I am guilty of wrongdoing or rebellion. I have not wronged you, but you are hunting me down to take my life.

v.12 May the Lord judge between you and me. And may the Lord avenge the wrongs you have done to me, but my hand will not touch you.

v.13 As the old saying goes, ‘From evildoers come evil deeds,' so my hand will not touch you.

v.14 “Against whom has the king of Israel come out? Who are you pursuing? A dead dog? A flea?

v.15 May the Lord be our judge and decide between us. May he consider my cause and uphold it; may he vindicate me by delivering me from your hand.”


[Notes: David will not let this go, and so when Saul leaves and no doubt crosses the gorge, David calls to him and draws to his attention what had happened.]



v.16-22 Saul responds well


v.16 When David finished saying this, Saul asked, “Is that your voice, David my son?” And he wept aloud.

v.17 “You are more righteous than I,” he said. “You have treated me well, but I have treated you badly.

v.18 You have just now told me about the good you did to me; the Lord delivered me into your hands, but you did not kill me.

v.19 When a man finds his enemy, does he let him get away unharmed? May the Lord reward you well for the way you treated me today.

v.20 I know that you will surely be king and that the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hands.

v.21 Now swear to me by the Lord that you will not kill off my descendants or wipe out my name from my father's family.”

v.22 So David gave his oath to Saul. Then Saul returned home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold.


[Notes: Saul is deeply moved by this and, almost prophetically perhaps, knows what the outcome will be with David eventually becoming king, and elicits a promise from David that he will not harm his family when he is gone. Thus Saul returns home, leaving David.]