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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel 19: More Attempts on David's Life by Saul


v.1-3 Jonathan warns David

v.4-7 Jonathan speaks up on David's Behalf

v.8-10 Again Saul tries to kill David (2 nd outright attack)

v.11-18 Michal helps David escape Saul's attempt to kill him

v.18-24 The Spirit of the Lord saves David



v.1-3 Jonathan warns David


v.1  Saul told his son Jonathan and all the attendants to kill David. But Jonathan had taken a great liking to David

v.2 and warned him, “My father Saul is looking for a chance to kill you. Be on your guard tomorrow morning; go into hiding and stay there.

v.3 I will go out and stand with my father in the field where you are. I'll speak to him about you and will tell you what I find out.”


[Notes: The friendship of Jonathan and David comes to the fore. Jonathan is aware of his father's feelings about David, (3 rd scheme for David to die) is unhappy with them and warns David about them.]



v.4-7 Jonathan speaks up on David's Behalf


v.4 Jonathan spoke well of David to Saul his father and said to him, “Let not the king do wrong to his servant David; he has not wronged you, and what he has done has benefited you greatly.

v.5 He took his life in his hands when he killed the Philistine. The Lord won a great victory for all Israel, and you saw it and were glad. Why then would you do wrong to an innocent man like David by killing him for no reason?”

v.6 Saul listened to Jonathan and took this oath: “As surely as the Lord lives, David will not be put to death.”

v.7 So Jonathan called David and told him the whole conversation. He brought him to Saul, and David was with Saul as before.


[Notes: Jonathan speaks out to his father reminding him how David had served him well and Saul promises not to harm him – a promise he is unable to keep.]



v.8-10 Again Saul tries to kill David (2 nd outright attack)


v.8 Once more war broke out, and David went out and fought the Philistines. He struck them with such force that they fled before him.

v.9 But an evil spirit from the Lord came on Saul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand. While David was playing the lyre,

v.10 Saul tried to pin him to the wall with his spear, but David eluded him as Saul drove the spear into the wall. That night David made good his escape.


[Notes: It simply takes David to have more success that [we wonder] jealousy arose in Saul again and opened him yet again to demonic attack resulting in him trying to kill David.]



v.11-18 Michal helps David escape Saul's attempt to kill him


v.11 Saul sent men to David's house to watch it and to kill him in the morning. But Michal, David's wife, warned him, “If you don't run for your life tonight, tomorrow you'll be killed.”

v.12 So Michal let David down through a window, and he fled and escaped.

v.13 Then Michal took an idol and laid it on the bed, covering it with a garment and putting some goats' hair at the head.

v.14 When Saul sent the men to capture David, Michal said, “He is ill.”

v.15 Then Saul sent the men back to see David and told them, “Bring him up to me in his bed so that I may kill him.”

v.16 But when the men entered, there was the idol in the bed, and at the head was some goats' hair.

v.17 Saul said to Michal, “Why did you deceive me like this and send my enemy away so that he escaped?”

Michal told him, “He said to me, ‘Let me get away. Why should I kill you?'”


[Notes: The paranoia of Saul about David gets more intense and when he sends men to kill David in the morning, Michal warns David and he escapes with her help (4 th scheme for David to die) Thus David leaves Gibeah where Saul ruled - see 10:26, 15:34]]



v.18-24 The Spirit of the Lord saves David


v.18 When David had fled and made his escape, he went to Samuel at Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him. Then he and Samuel went to Naioth and stayed there.

v.19 Word came to Saul: “David is in Naioth at Ramah”;

v.20 so he sent men to capture him. But when they saw a group of prophets prophesying, with Samuel standing there as their leader, the Spirit of God came on Saul's men, and they also prophesied.

v.21 Saul was told about it, and he sent more men, and they prophesied too. Saul sent men a third time, and they also prophesied.

v.22 Finally, he himself left for Ramah and went to the great cistern at Seku. And he asked, “Where are Samuel and David?”

“Over in Naioth at Ramah,” they said.

v.23 So Saul went to Naioth at Ramah. But the Spirit of God came even on him, and he walked along prophesying until he came to Naioth.

v.24 He stripped off his garments, and he too prophesied in Samuel's presence. He lay naked all that day and all that night. This is why people say, “Is Saul also among the prophets?”


[Notes: After escaping, David goes to Samuel and stays with him. Saul hears of this and sends men to capture and [presumably] kill David. (5 th to 8 th schemes that are attempts on David's life) In what follows we can only assume that the presence of the Lord with Samuel was so strong that when others came into his presence, the Spirit of the Lord came on them indiscriminately and they couldn't help themselves but start prophesying. This happens to three sets of soldiers sent by Saul, and then Saul himself.]