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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel

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Part 4: Ch.12-15: The Fall of a King (Saul)

Ch.12: Samuel's Farewell Speech

Ch.13: Saul provoked to disobedience

Ch.14: Battles, Disagreements & Triumphs

Ch.15: The Lord Rejects Saul as King


FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel 12 : Samuel's Farewell Speech


v.1-5 Samuel challenges them to say anything bad about him

v.6-11 He reminds them of God's Blessing in their history

v.12-15 He challenges them to obey the Lord

v.16-18 He calls on the Lord who sends rain

v.19-25 Again he calls them to be faithful to the Lord



v.1-5 Samuel challenges them to say anything bad about him


v.1 Samuel said to all Israel, “I have listened to everything you said to me and have set a king over you.

v.2 Now you have a king as your leader. As for me, I am old and gray, and my sons are here with you. I have been your leader from my youth until this day.

v.3 Here I stand. Testify against me in the presence of the Lord and his anointed. Whose ox have I taken? Whose donkey have I taken? Whom have I cheated? Whom have I oppressed? From whose hand have I accepted a bribe to make me shut my eyes? If I have done any of these things, I will make it right.”

v.4 “You have not cheated or oppressed us,” they replied. “You have not taken anything from anyone's hand.”

v.5 Samuel said to them, “The Lord is witness against you, and also his anointed is witness this day, that you have not found anything in my hand.”

“He is witness,” they said.


[Notes: The key to understanding this chapter is recognizing that Samuel is now getting old and feels he should make an opportunity to call the nation to faith before he passes on. In fact he has some time to go before that happens but nevertheless he calls the people together and challenges them. First, he has granted them their wish and overseen the appointing of a king for Israel. Second, he asks them to recognise his role as their leader, and it having been a leadership with integrity. They affirm this.]



v.6-11 He reminds them of God's Blessing in their history


v.6 Then Samuel said to the people, “It is the Lord who appointed Moses and Aaron and brought your ancestors up out of Egypt.

v.7 Now then, stand here, because I am going to confront you with evidence before the Lord as to all the righteous acts performed by the Lord for you and your ancestors.

v.8 “After Jacob entered Egypt, they cried to the Lord for help, and the Lord sent Moses and Aaron, who brought your ancestors out of Egypt and settled them in this place.

v.9 “But they forgot the Lord their God; so he sold them into the hand of Sisera, the commander of the army of Hazor, and into the hands of the Philistines and the king of Moab, who fought against them.

v.10 They cried out to the Lord and said, ‘We have sinned; we have forsaken the Lord and served the Baals and the Ashtoreths. But now deliver us from the hands of our enemies, and we will serve you.'

v.11 Then the Lord sent Jerub-Baal, Barak, Jephthah and Samuel, and he delivered you from the hands of your enemies all around you, so that you lived in safety.


[Notes: He goes on to remind them of their history, having been saved by the Lord from Egypt, but also how they had rebelled and been disciplined by God in the past. He recounted the key judges the Lord had provided for them.]



v.12-15 He challenges them to obey the Lord


v.12 “But when you saw that Nahash king of the Ammonites was moving against you, you said to me, ‘No, we want a king to rule over us'—even though the Lord your God was your king.

v.13 Now here is the king you have chosen, the one you asked for; see, the Lord has set a king over you.

v.14 If you fear the Lord and serve and obey him and do not rebel against his commands, and if both you and the king who reigns over you follow the Lord your God—good!

v. 15  But if you do not obey the Lord , and if you rebel against his commands, his hand will be against you, as it was against your ancestors.


[Notes: He challenges both them and Saul to faithfully follow the Lord.]



v.16-18 He calls on the Lord who sends rain


v.16 “Now then, stand still and see this great thing the Lord is about to do before your eyes!

v.17 Is it not wheat harvest now? I will call on the Lord to send thunder and rain. And you will realize what an evil thing you did in the eyes of the Lord when you asked for a king.”

v.18 Then Samuel called on the Lord , and that same day the Lord sent thunder and rain. So all the people stood in awe of the Lord and of Samuel.


[Notes: Obviously getting a prompting from the Lord, he called on the Lord to send rain on the harvest as a sign of the Lord who disciplines.]



v.19-25 Again he calls them to be faithful to the Lord


v.19 The people all said to Samuel, “Pray to the Lord your God for your servants so that we will not die, for we have added to all our other sins the evil of asking for a king.”

v.20 “Do not be afraid,” Samuel replied. “You have done all this evil; yet do not turn away from the Lord , but serve the Lord with all your heart.

v.21 Do not turn away after useless idols. They can do you no good, nor can they rescue you, because they are useless.

v.22 For the sake of his great name the Lord will not reject his people, because the Lord was pleased to make you his own.

v.23 As for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord by failing to pray for you. And I will teach you the way that is good and right.

v.24 But be sure to fear the Lord and serve him faithfully with all your heart; consider what great things he has done for you.

v.25 Yet if you persist in doing evil, both you and your king will perish.”


[Notes: The people accept that asking for a king had been wrong and Samuel says that as long as they remain faithful to the Lord, He will not reject them. If they do reject Him they will perish.]