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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Samuel 10: Saul is Chosen as King


v.1-8 Samuel anoints Saul & Prophesies over him

v.9-16 The Signs are Fulfilled

v.17-19 Samuel calls Israel together at Mizpah

v.20-23 Lots are drawn and Saul is chosen

v.24-27 Saul accepted by most as king


[Preliminary Comments: Having been given permission by God for Israel to have a king, this chapter shows how the choosing of Saul as king is a combination of choice of God witnessed by signs, choosing by lots, and approval of the people.]



v.1-8 Samuel anoints Saul & Prophesies over him


v.1 Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil and poured it on Saul's head and kissed him, saying, “Has not the Lord anointed you ruler over his inheritance?


v.2 First sign - Reassurance

v.2 When you leave me today, you will meet two men near Rachel's tomb, at Zelzah on the border of Benjamin. They will say to you, ‘The donkeys you set out to look for have been found. And now your father has stopped thinking about them and is worried about you. He is asking, “What shall I do about my son?”'


v.3,4 Second Sign – Food Provision

v.3 “Then you will go on from there until you reach the great tree of Tabor. Three men going up to worship God at Bethel will meet you there. One will be carrying three young goats, another three loaves of bread, and another a skin of wine.

v.4 They will greet you and offer you two loaves of bread, which you will accept from them.


v.5,6 Third Sign – Spirit of Prophecy

v.5 “After that you will go to Gibeah of God, where there is a Philistine outpost. As you approach the town, you will meet a procession of prophets coming down from the high place with lyres, timbrels, pipes and harps being played before them, and they will be prophesying.

v.6 The Spirit of the Lord will come powerfully upon you, and you will prophesy with them; and you will be changed into a different person.


v.7,8 Instruction – go, do what you will, but wait at Gilgal for me

v.Once these signs are fulfilled, do whatever your hand finds to do, for God is with you.

v.8 “Go down ahead of me to Gilgal. I will surely come down to you to sacrifice burnt offerings and fellowship offerings, but you must wait seven days until I come to you and tell you what you are to do.”


[Notes: Anointing with oil was a standard procedure for appointing priests or kings, perhaps a sign of the Holy Spirit being poured over them to equip them and set them apart. After he did this, Samuel gave Saul three words of prophecy or words of knowledge of what would happen to him after he left Samuel. These signs would be for Saul's encouragement.]



v.9-16 The Signs are Fulfilled


v.9 As Saul turned to leave Samuel, God changed Saul's heart, and all these signs were fulfilled that day.

v.10 When he and his servant arrived at Gibeah, a procession of prophets met him; the Spirit of God came powerfully upon him, and he joined in their prophesying.

v.11 When all those who had formerly known him saw him prophesying with the prophets, they asked each other, “What is this that has happened to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets?”

v.12 A man who lived there answered, “And who is their father?” So it became a saying: “Is Saul also among the prophets?”

v.13 After Saul stopped prophesying, he went to the high place.

v.14 Now Saul's uncle asked him and his servant, “Where have you been?”

“Looking for the donkeys,” he said. “But when we saw they were not to be found, we went to Samuel.”

v.15 Saul's uncle said, “Tell me what Samuel said to you.”

v.16 Saul replied, “He assured us that the donkeys had been found.” But he did not tell his uncle what Samuel had said about the kingship.


[Notes: The signs are all fulfilled and the last one involved the Spirit coming upon Saul utterly transforming him and enabling him to prophesy. When he approaches home his uncle asks what has been happening but Saul doesn't say anything about being anointed etc.]



v.17-19 Samuel calls Israel together at Mizpah


v.17  Samuel summoned the people of Israel to the Lord at Mizpah

v.18  and said to them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘I brought Israel up out of Egypt, and I delivered you from the power of Egypt and all the kingdoms that oppressed you.'

v.19 But you have now rejected your God, who saves you out of all your disasters and calamities. And you have said, ‘No, appoint a king over us.' So now present yourselves before the Lord by your tribes and clans.”


[Notes: Samuel gathers the people at the central meeting place at Mizpah and reminds them of what they have asked. He then calls for them to take part in a ‘lottery'.]



v.20-23 Lots are drawn and Saul is chosen


v.20 When Samuel had all Israel come forward by tribes, the tribe of Benjamin was taken by lot.

v.21 Then he brought forward the tribe of Benjamin, clan by clan, and Matri's clan was taken. Finally Saul son of Kish was taken. But when they looked for him, he was not to be found.

v.22 So they inquired further of the Lord, “Has the man come here yet?”

And the Lord said, “Yes, he has hidden himself among the supplies.”

v.23 They ran and brought him out, and as he stood among the people he was a head taller than any of the others.


[Notes: By the means of drawing lots, first the tribe of Benjamin is chosen, then Matri's clan chosen, then (surprise!) Saul is chosen. Note that the result of drawing of lots has matched what has already gone on, largely in secret, so Saul is being chosen. Did the Lord know that this would be the result of the lottery or did He handle the lot drawing to match the man He had chosen to fit a man who the people would find acceptable – tall, handsome etc.? Saul appears to be showing a high degree of humility.]



v.24-27 Saul accepted by most as king


v.24 Samuel said to all the people, “Do you see the man the Lord has chosen? There is no one like him among all the people.”

Then the people shouted, “Long live the king!”

v.25 Samuel explained to the people the rights and duties of kingship. He wrote them down on a scroll and deposited it before the Lord. Then Samuel dismissed the people to go to their own homes.

v.26 Saul also went to his home in Gibeah, accompanied by valiant men whose hearts God had touched.

v.27 But some scoundrels said, “How can this fellow save us?” They despised him and brought him no gifts. But Saul kept silent.


[Notes: The sight of this tall, handsome young man pleases the people and Samuel appears to share the instructions laid down by Moses [see Deut 17:14-]. The crowd disperse, Saul goes home and some of the more courageous young men accompany him. However some with bad attitudes grumble about him.]