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Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 1 Kings

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Kings 15: Abijah & Asa of Judah, Nadab & Baasha of Israel

 

Judah

Israel

Rehoboam 931/930 – 913 (17)

Jeroboam 931/930 – 910/09 (22)

Abijah 913 -911/10 (3)

[v.1-8]

Nadab 910/09 – 909/08 (2) [v.25,26]

Asa 911/10 – 870/69 (41) [v.9-24]

Baasha 909/08 – 886/85 (24)

[v.2 7-34]

 

[Preliminary Notes: Now we are into the divided kingdom the text tends to jump backwards and forwards covering the two sets of kings. For this reason we are providing the above table in order to help the reader keep up with the stream of kings of both kingdoms as well as the usual paragraph heading summary below. In his chapter we cover two kings of the south and two of the north.]

v.1-3 Summary of Abijah

v.4,5 David, the saving grace of Judah

v.6-8 The end of Abijah

v.9-11 Summary of Asa King of Judah

v.12-15 The godly activity of Asa

v.16,17 War between north & south

v.18-20 Asa buys a Treaty with Aram

v.21 Baasha withdraws, Asa strengthens

v.23,24 Asa dies

v.25,26 Nadab King of Israel

v.27-32 Baasha becomes king & exterminates Jeroboam's family

v.33,34 Summary of Baasha King of Israel

 

 

v.1-3 Summary of Abijah

 

v.1 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat, Abijah became king of Judah, 

v.2 and he reigned in Jerusalem three years . His mother's name was Maakah daughter of Abishalom. 

v.3 He committed all the sins his father had done before him; his heart was not fully devoted to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his forefather had been. 

 

[Notes: The records almost always give a summary of the nature of the next king and his reign. Abijah only reigns for three years and is as bad as his father.]

 

 

v.4,5 David, the saving grace of Judah

 

v.4 Nevertheless, for David's sake the LORD his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem by raising up a son to succeed him and by making Jerusalem strong. 

v.5 For David had done what was right in the eyes of the LORD and had not failed to keep any of the LORD's commands all the days of his life—except in the case of Uriah the Hittite. 

 

[Notes: The only reason the Lord does not destroy Jerusalem now (He will eventually in 587BC) is for the sake of David's name. Note this sole reference to David's one sin.]

 

 

v.6-8 The end of Abijah

 

v.6 There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam throughout Abijah's lifetime. 

v.7 As for the other events of Abijah's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah? There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. 

v.8  And Abijah rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David. And Asa his son succeeded him as king.

 

[Notes: The nations continue at war and eventually Abijah dies. We are not told why.

 

 

v.9-11 Summary of Asa King of Judah

[see also 1 Chron 3:10, 2 Chron 14-16]

v.9  In the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel, Asa became king of Judah,

v.10 and he reigned in Jerusalem forty-one years. His grandmother's name was Maakah daughter of Abishalom.

v.11 Asa did what was right in the eyes of the Lord , as his father David had done.

 

[Notes: The start of Asa's 41 year reign.]

 

 

v.12-15 The godly activity of Asa

 

v.12 He expelled the male shrine prostitutes from the land and got rid of all the idols his ancestors had made.

v.13  He even deposed his grandmother Maakah from her position as queen mother, because she had made a repulsive image for the worship of Asherah. Asa cut it down and burned it in the Kidron Valley.

v.14  Although he did not remove the high places, Asa's heart was fully committed to the Lord all his life.

v.15  He brought into the temple of the Lord the silver and gold and the articles that he and his father had dedicated.

 

[Notes: The spiritual-cleaning-up activity of Asa.]

 

 

v.16,17 War between north & south

 

v.16 There was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel throughout their reigns.

v.17 Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah and fortified Ramah to prevent anyone from leaving or entering the territory of Asa king of Judah.

 

[Notes: Nevertheless, despite Asa's godly intent there was still conflict with the northern kingdom, perhaps because the north didn't have the same godly outlook. Note particularly that Baasha builds up Ramah in the south of Israel to act as a deterrent against possible incursions from the south, from Judah.]

 

 

v.18-20 Asa buys a Treaty with Aram [see also 2 Chron 16]

 

v.18 Asa then took all the silver and gold that was left in the treasuries of the Lord 's temple and of his own palace. He entrusted it to his officials and sent them to Ben-Hadad son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion, the king of Aram, who was ruling in Damascus.

v.19 “Let there be a treaty between me and you,” he said, “as there was between my father and your father. See, I am sending you a gift of silver and gold. Now break your treaty with Baasha king of Israel so he will withdraw from me.”

v.20 Ben-Hadad agreed with King Asa and sent the commanders of his forces against the towns of Israel. He conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel Beth Maakah and all Kinnereth in addition to Naphtali.

 

[Notes: Asa seeks a treaty with Aram in the north on the basis of past relationships that puts pressure on the north.]

 

 

v.21 Baasha withdraws, Asa strengthens

 

v.21 When Baasha heard this, he stopped building Ramah and withdrew to Tirzah.

v.22 Then King Asa issued an order to all Judah—no one was exempt—and they carried away from Ramah the stones and timber Baasha had been using there. With them King Asa built up Geba in Benjamin, and also Mizpah.

 

[Notes: The result is that Baasha desists from building Ramah and steps back so Asa's men take away all the materials being used to fortify Ramah.]

 

 

v.23,24 Asa dies

 

v.23 As for all the other events of Asa's reign, all his achievements, all he did and the cities he built, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah? In his old age, however, his feet became diseased.

v.24 Then Asa rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the city of his father David. And Jehoshaphat his son succeeded him as king.

 

[Notes: The other things of Asa can be seen in 2 Chronicles 14-16]

 

 

v.25,26 Nadab King of Israel

 

v.25  Nadab son of Jeroboam became king of Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel two years.

v.26 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord , following the ways of his father and committing the same sin his father had caused Israel to commit.

 

[Notes: Meanwhile in the north we see that Nadab had been made king after the death of his father Jeroboam. He was a bad king who only reigned two years.]

 

 

v.27-32 Baasha becomes king & exterminates Jeroboam's family

 

v.27 Baasha son of Ahijah from the tribe of Issachar plotted against him, and he struck him down at Gibbethon, a Philistine town, while Nadab and all Israel were besieging it.

v.28 Baasha killed Nadab in the third year of Asa king of Judah and succeeded him as king.

v.29 As soon as he began to reign, he killed Jeroboam's whole family. He did not leave Jeroboam anyone that breathed, but destroyed them all, according to the word of the Lord given through his servant Ahijah the Shilonite.

v.30 This happened because of the sins Jeroboam had committed and had caused Israel to commit, and because he aroused the anger of the Lord , the God of Israel.

v.31 As for the other events of Nadab's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel?

v.32 There was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel throughout their reigns.

 

[Notes: The follow on in the north is that Baasha rebels and kills Nadab whilst Nadab was seeking to oust the Philistines from a town in the west in the are of Dan. Moreover he wipes out Jeroboam's family, as Ahijah had prophesied [14:10]]

 

 

v.33,34 Summary of Baasha King of Israel

 

v.33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah became king of all Israel in Tirzah, and he reigned twenty-four years .

v.34 He did evil in the eyes of the Lord , following the ways of Jeroboam and committing the same sin Jeroboam had caused Israel to commit.

 

[ Notes: The summary of Baasha says he reigned 24 years but was a bad king of Israel, the northern kingdom]

         

  

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 16