ReadBibleAlive.com                                          Front Page

Series Theme: FRAMEWORKS: 1 Kings

(Return to Old Testament Contents)

 

FRAMEWORKS: 1 Kings 14: Jeroboam's end & Rehoboam's limited reign

 

Judah

Israel

Rehoboam 931/930 - 913

Jeroboam 931/930 – 910/09

 

Part 1: Jeroboam & Israel

v.1-3 Jeroboam sends his wife to Ahijah when his son is ill

v.4,5 The Lord warns Ahijah she is coming

v.6-13 Ahijah prophesies the boy will die, a sign of worse to come

v.14-16 Ahijah prophesies the Lord's judgment on Israel

v.17-18 She returns, the boy dies

v.19,20 Jeroboam eventually dies after a 22 year reign

Part 2: Rehoboam & Judah

v.21-24 Rehoboam King of Judah & the sins of Judah

v.25-26 Egypt Plunders Jerusalem

v.27-31 Rehoboam's reduced and contentious reign

 

 

Part 1: Jeroboam & Israel

 

v.1-3 Jeroboam sends his wife to Ahijah when his son is ill

 

v.1 At that time Abijah son of Jeroboam became ill, 

v.2 and Jeroboam said to his wife, “Go, disguise yourself, so you won't be recognized as the wife of Jeroboam. Then go to Shiloh. Ahijah the prophet is there—the one who told me I would be king over this people. 

v.3 Take ten loaves of bread with you, some cakes and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what will happen to the boy.” 

 

[Notes: The chapter deals first with the northern king, then the southern. First, Jeroboam's son becomes seriously ill and so he sends his wife to see Ahijah the prophet who had brought the initial prophetic calling over him.]

 

 

v.4,5 The Lord warns Ahijah she is coming

 

v.4 So Jeroboam's wife did what he said and went to Ahijah's house in Shiloh. Now Ahijah could not see; his sight was gone because of his age. 

v.5 But the LORD had told Ahijah, “Jeroboam's wife is coming to ask you about her son, for he is ill, and you are to give her such and such an answer. When she arrives, she will pretend to be someone else.” 

 

[Notes: Ahijah is now an old man whose sight has gone but the Lord is still able to speak to him and warns him that the kings wife is coming in disguise.]

 

 

v.6-13 Ahijah prophesies the boy will die, a sign of worse to come

 

v.6 So when Ahijah heard the sound of her footsteps at the door, he said, “Come in, wife of Jeroboam. Why this pretense? I have been sent to you with bad news. 

v.7 Go, tell Jeroboam that this is what the LORD, the God of Israel, says: ‘I raised you up from among the people and appointed you ruler over my people Israel. 

v.8 I tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it to you, but you have not been like my servant David, who kept my commands and followed me with all his heart, doing only what was right in my eyes. 

v.9  You have done more evil than all who lived before you. You have made for yourself other gods, idols made of metal; you have aroused my anger and turned your back on me. 

v.10 “‘Because of this, I am going to bring disaster on the house of Jeroboam. I will cut off from Jeroboam every last male in Israel—slave or free. I will burn up the house of Jeroboam as one burns dung, until it is all gone. 

v.11 Dogs will eat those belonging to Jeroboam who die in the city, and the birds will feed on those who die in the country. The LORD has spoken!' 

v.12  “As for you, go back home. When you set foot in your city, the boy will die. 

v.13 All Israel will mourn for him and bury him. He is the only one belonging to Jeroboam who will be buried, because he is the only one in the house of Jeroboam in whom the LORD, the God of Israel, has found anything good. 

 

[Notes: When she arrives the prophet challenges her and warns he had a bad word for her. It is a word of rebuke for Jeroboam for his failures to obey the Lord and thus he incurs God's judgment on his whole family. When she returns the son will die.]

 

 

v.14-16 Ahijah prophesies the Lord's judgment on Israel

 

v.14  “The LORD will raise up for himself a king over Israel who will cut off the family of Jeroboam. Even now this is beginning to happen. 

v.15  And the LORD will strike Israel, so that it will be like a reed swaying in the water. He will uproot Israel from this good land that he gave to their ancestors and scatter them beyond the Euphrates River, because they aroused the LORD's anger by making Asherah poles. 

v.16 And he will give Israel up because of the sins Jeroboam has committed and has caused Israel to commit.” 

 

[Notes: The prophet continues that God will raise up someone to replace him. In the long-term Israel will be removed from the land by an invader from the north. This would be t he king of Assyria deported Israel to Assyria and settled them in Halah, in Gozan on the Habor River and in towns of the Medes. See 2 Kings 18:11,12]

 

 

v.17-18 She returns, the boy dies

 

v.17  Then Jeroboam's wife got up and left and went to Tirzah. As soon as she stepped over the threshold of the house, the boy died. 

v.18 They buried him, and all Israel mourned for him, as the LORD had said through his servant the prophet Ahijah. 

 

[Notes: When she returns the boy dies as the prophet said.]

 

 

v.19,20 Jeroboam eventually dies after a 22 year reign

     

v.19 The other events of Jeroboam's reign, his wars and how he ruled, are written in the book of the annals of the kings of Israel. 

v.20 He reigned for twenty-two years and then rested with his ancestors. And Nadab his son succeeded him as king.

 

[Notes: The king reigns for a total of 22 years. Why did the Lord allow the northern kingdom as it was, because surely He knew what would happen and the only logical conclusion (in the absence of revelation in the Scriptures) that we can only suggest, is that the Lord allowed this kingdom to exist as long as it did, purely to reveal, even more than previously seen in Judges and Samuel, the folly of sinful mankind, even when God was there to help.]

 

 

Part 2: Rehoboam & Judah

 

v.21-24 Rehoboam King of Judah & the sins of Judah

 

v.21 Rehoboam son of Solomon was king in Judah. He was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city the LORD had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel in which to put his Name. His mother's name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite. 

v.22 Judah did evil in the eyes of the LORD. By the sins they committed they stirred up his jealous anger more than those who were before them had done. 

v.23 They also set up for themselves high places, sacred stones and Asherah poles on every high hill and under every spreading tree. 

v.24 There were even male shrine prostitutes in the land; the people engaged in all the detestable practices of the nations the LORD had driven out before the Israelites. 

 

[Notes: Turning to the southern kingdom, Rehoboam rules for 17 years and the southern kingdom completely disregards the Lord, His calling and His Law, and turn to idolatry and Rehoboam appears to do nothing about it.]

 

 

v.25-26 Egypt Plunders Jerusalem

 

v.25 In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem. 

v.26 He carried off the treasures of the temple of the LORD and the treasures of the royal palace. He took everything, including all the gold shields Solomon had made. 

 

[Notes: No doubt as an act of disciplining Judah, the king of Egypt invades and completely strips the temple and the royal palace of all of Solomon's gold.]

 

 

v.27-31 Rehoboam's reduced and contentious reign

 

v.27 So King Rehoboam made bronze shields to replace them and assigned these to the commanders of the guard on duty at the entrance to the royal palace. 

v.28 Whenever the king went to the LORD's temple, the guards bore the shields, and afterward they returned them to the guardroom. 

v.29 As for the other events of Rehoboam's reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah? 

v.30 There was continual warfare between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. 

v.31 And Rehoboam rested with his ancestors and was buried with them in the City of David. His mother's name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite. And Abijah  his son succeeded him as king.

 

[Notes: The follow on is an attempt by the king to minimise the awful loss and the emptiness of temple and palace. It is a time of continual attrition between northern and southern kingdoms. Eventually Rehoboam dies at what must have been the age of 57, and his son Abijah becomes king.]

  

   

CONTINUE TO CHAPTER 15