1 Corinthians 10
this ‘Framework' we use our usual text PLUS comment style to enable
you, as simply as possible, to catch the sense of his writing.
1 Corinthians 10: Meeting & Eating
Warnings from Israel's History
The Lord's Supper and Idol Feasts
The Believer's Freedom in Eating
just laid out his own strategy of being careful to train and discipline
himself while maintaining his freedom – to both exercise it and
as appropriate give it up – he goes on to challenge them to ensure
they make sure their lives take into account the warnings that
come through Israel's history. He further compares eating at the
Lord's Supper with eating food offered to idols and says treat
the former as holy and steer clear of the later if it offends
the conscience of another.]
Warnings From Israel's History
wants to use the examples of Israel's history) For
I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters,
that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all
passed through the sea.
experienced God with Moses on Sinai and crossing the Red Sea)
They were all
baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea.
provided supernaturally for them by manna and water from the rock
but, viewing outside of time, ultimately all their resources came
courtesy of the work of Christ) They
all ate the same spiritual food and drank the same spiritual drink;
for they drank from the spiritual rock that accompanied them,
and that rock was Christ.
they failed in faith sand died in the wilderness) Nevertheless,
God was not pleased with most of them; their bodies were scattered
in the wilderness.
this should come as a warning to us) Now
these things occurred as examples to keep us from setting our
hearts on evil things as they did.
idolatry for the record shows many of them fell to this)
Do not be idolaters,
as some of them were; as it is written: “The people sat down to
eat and drink and got up to indulge in revelry.” [Exo
they mixed with alien women – Num 25 – and many died) We
should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did—and in
one day twenty-three thousand of them died.
they grumbled many died – Num 21:4-9) We
should not test Christ, [or God]
as some of them did—and were killed
on occasions when they grumbled that resulted in deaths)
not grumble, as some of them did—and were killed by the destroying
record of these things stands as a warning to us today) These
things happened to them as examples and were written down as warnings
for us, on whom the culmination of the ages has come.
if [in your arrogant arguing] you feel secure, be careful)
So, if you
think you are standing firm, be careful that you don't fall!
come to all of us but God will always provide a way of overcoming)
overtaken you except what is common to mankind. And God is faithful;
he will not let you be tempted beyond what you can bear. But when
you are tempted, he will also provide a way out so that you can
steer clear or worshipping anything other than God) Therefore,
my dear friends, flee from idolatry.
in the previous chapter Paul had been defending himself against
arrogant boasters. Now he simply reminds them that we have a whole
host of warnings in the form of the Old Testament, warnings against
unbelief, idolatry, immorality, even grumbling against God. In
all this he is reminding them that the community of God's people
is supposed to be a holy community and God acts against unrighteousness.]
The Lord's Supper and Idol Feasts
assume you will be sensible in the way you respond to what I say.)
I speak to
sensible people; judge for yourselves what I say.
more is this true than in respect of the Lord's Supper, or Communion,
a holy meal) Is
not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation
in the blood of Christ? And is not the bread that we break a participation
in the body of Christ?
are to see ourselves as one body as we share in one loaf)
is one loaf, we, who are many, are one body, for we all share
the one loaf.
at Israel; those priests who ate the sacrifice shared in the holiness
of the occasion) Consider
the people of Israel: Do not those who eat the sacrifices participate
in the altar?
not trying to make idol food special, it's nothing) Do
I mean then that food sacrificed to an idol is anything, or that
an idol is anything?
such sacrifices are to the enemy and I don't want you to do that)
No, but the
sacrifices of pagans are offered to demons, not to God, and I
do not want you to be participants with demons.
can't share food from both camps) You
cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons too; you
cannot have a part in both the Lord's table and the table of demons.
you do you make God jealous) Are
we trying to arouse the Lord's jealousy? Are we stronger than
we've just said we're supposed to be a holy community, when we
come to the Lord's Supper or Communion, realise it is a holy meal.
Idol worshippers share in the enemy and we should not, we should
appreciate the holiness of the Lord's Supper.]
The Believer's Freedom in Eating
we said before we are free to live as we will but not everything
is good and helpful) “I
have the right to do anything,” you say—but not everything is
beneficial. “I have the right to do anything”—but not everything
shouldn't be selfish but consider others) No
one should seek their own good, but the good of others.
worry about the background of what you buy in the market, see
it as God's provision) Eat
anything sold in the meat market without raising questions of
conscience, for, “The earth is the Lord's, and everything in it.”
if a non-believer invites you to a meal) If
an unbeliever invites you to a meal and you want to go, eat whatever
is put before you without raising questions of conscience.
(but if they boast it has been given to a sacrifice, for the
sake of appearance, refuse it) But
if someone says to you, “This has been offered in sacrifice,”
then do not eat it, both for the sake of the one who told you
and for the sake of conscience.
not your conscience at stake but you will be pricking theirs)
I am referring
to the other person's conscience, not yours. For why is my freedom
being judged by another's conscience?
I thank God for it, that's fine) If
I take part in the meal with thankfulness, why am I denounced
because of something I thank God for?
do all to God's glory) So
whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the
glory of God.
be careful not to make others stumble. ) Do
not cause anyone to stumble, whether Jews, Greeks or the church
of God— even as I try to please everyone in every way. For I am
not seeking my own good but the good of many, so that they may
Particularly in a
day when food was often offered to idols, Paul takes the arguments
about eating food into that arena, saying
idol food is nothing but for the sake of the conscience of others
it might be wiser not to eat it.]