1 Chronicles 5: Reuben, Gad & Manasseh
Comment: Now the
recorder-compiler moves on to cover three more of the family trees
of Israel, the three tribes that lived to the east of the Jordan.]
Reuben's disrespect for his father meant he lost the rights of
being the first-born
sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel (he was the firstborn,
but when he defiled his father's marriage bed, his rights as firstborn
were given to the sons of Joseph son of Israel; so he could not
be listed in the genealogical record in accordance with his birthright,
though Judah was the strongest of his brothers and a ruler came
from him, the rights of the firstborn belonged to Joseph) –
The record of Reuben's family
sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel:
Pallu, Hezron and Karmi.
descendants of Joel:
his son, Gog his son,
his son, Baal his son,
Beerah his son, whom Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria took into
exile. Beerah was a leader of the Reubenites.
relatives by clans, listed according to their genealogical records:
the chief, Zechariah,
Bela son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel. They settled
in the area from Aroer to Nebo and Baal Meon.
the east they occupied the land up to the edge of the desert that
extends to the River Euphrates, because their livestock had increased
Saul's reign they waged war against the Hagrites, who were defeated
at their hands; they occupied the dwellings of the Hagrites throughout
the entire region east of Gilead.
The tribe of Reuben
occupied land to the east of the Jordan and east of the Dead Sea.]
Gadites lived next to them in Bashan, as far as Salekah:
was the chief, Shapham the second, then Janai and Shaphat, in
relatives, by families, were:
Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jakan, Zia and Eber – seven in all.
were the sons of Abihail son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son
of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai, the son of
Jahdo, the son of Buz.
son of Abdiel, the son of Guni, was head of their family.
Gadites lived in Gilead, in Bashan and its outlying villages,
and on all the pasture-lands of Sharon as far as they extended.
these were entered in the genealogical records during the reigns
of Jotham king of Judah and Jeroboam king of Israel.
The tribe of Gad
lived to the north of Reuben to the east of the Jordan.]
Gad's activities with Reuben & Manasseh
Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh [who
occupied the land to the east of the Jordan and the Dead Sea]
men ready for military service – able-bodied men who could
handle shield and sword, who could use a bow, and who were trained
waged war against the Hagrites, Jetur, Naphish and Nodab.
were helped in fighting them, and God delivered the Hagrites and
all their allies into their hands, because they cried out to him
during the battle. He answered their prayers, because they trusted
seized the livestock of the Hagrites – fifty thousand camels,
two hundred and fifty thousand sheep and two thousand donkeys.
They also took one hundred thousand people captive,
many others fell slain, because the battle was God's. And they
occupied the land until the exile.
The activities of
the two and a half tribes to the east are noted.]
Manasseh's, limited record
people of the half-tribe of Manasseh were numerous; they settled
in the land from Bashan to Baal Hermon, that is, to Senir (Mount
were the heads of their families: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel,
Jeremiah, Hodaviah and Jahdiel. They were brave warriors, famous
men, and heads of their families.
they were unfaithful to the God of their ancestors and prostituted
themselves to the gods of the peoples of the land, whom God had
destroyed before them.
the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria
(that is, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria), who took the Reubenites,
the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh into exile. He took
them to Halah, Habor, Hara and the river of Gozan, where they
are to this day.
of Manasseh is noted and the judgment that fell on them.]