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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles 3: David's family & kings of Judah & beyond the Exile

 

[Preliminary Comment: Chapter 3 is an overview of all of the kings that flowed down and from the family tree of David, right down to the Exile (and after). It specifically covers the kings of the southern kingdom [Judah] after the split following Solomon's disobedience and disciplining.]

 

 

v.1-9 The Extensive family of David including Solomon

 

v.1  These were the sons of David born to him in Hebron:

the firstborn was Amnon the son of Ahinoam of Jezreel;

the second, Daniel the son of Abigail of Carmel;

v.2  the third, Absalom the son of Maakah daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith;

v.3  the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;

and the sixth, Ithream, by his wife Eglah.

v.4  These six were born to David in Hebron, where he reigned seven years and six months.

David reigned in Jerusalem for thirty-three years,

v.5  and these were the children born to him there:

Shammua, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon. These four were by Bathsheba daughter of Ammiel.

v.6  There were also Ibhar, Elishua, Eliphelet,

v.7  Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia,

v.8  Elishama, Eliada and Eliphelet  nine in all.

v.9  All these were the sons of David, besides his sons by his concubines. And Tamar was their sister.

 

[Comment: The family of David reminds us of the numbers of wives he had, some of whom appear prominently in his story, others less so. There was clearly tension between different parts of the family which caused problems in later days, especially when it came to succession. [see 1 Kings 1]. Although polygamy was not expressly forbidden, the negative fruits of it can clearly be seen in Scripture.]

 

v.10-16 The subsequent kings of Judah

 

v.10  Solomon's son was Rehoboam,

Abijah his son,

Asa his son,

Jehoshaphat his son,

v.11  Jehoram his son,

Ahaziah his son,

Joash his son,

v.12  Amaziah his son,

Azariah his son,

Jotham his son,

v.13  Ahaz his son,

Hezekiah his son,

Manasseh his son,

v.14  Amon his son,

Josiah his son.

v.15  The sons of Josiah:

Johanan the firstborn,

Jehoiakim the second son,

Zedekiah the third,

Shallum the fourth.

v.16  The successors of Jehoiakim:

Jehoiachin his son,

and Zedekiah.

 

[Comment: The list is expressly of Judah the southern kingdom [not Israel the northern kingdom] and takes us from the division of the rule [1 Kings 12 / 2 Chron 10] through to the Exile [2 Kings 24 / 2 Chron 36]. It is a helpful starting resource when seeking to learn about the kings of Judah.]

 

v.17-24 The royal line after the Exile

 

v.17  The descendants of Jehoiachin the captive:

Shealtiel his son,

v.18  Malkiram, Pedaiah, Shenazzar, Jekamiah, Hoshama and Nedabiah.

v.19  The sons of Pedaiah:

Zerubbabel and Shimei.

The sons of Zerubbabel:

Meshullam and Hananiah.

Shelomith was their sister.

v.20  There were also five others:

Hashubah, Ohel, Berekiah, Hasadiah and Jushab-Hesed.

v.21  The descendants of Hananiah:

Pelatiah and Jeshaiah, and the sons of Rephaiah, of Arnan, of Obadiah and of Shekaniah.

v.22  The descendants of Shekaniah:

Shemaiah and his sons:

Hattush, Igal, Bariah, Neariah and Shaphat  six in all.

v.23  The sons of Neariah:

Elioenai, Hizkiah and Azrikam  three in all.

v.24  The sons of Elioenai:

Hodaviah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Delaiah and Anani  seven in all.

 

[Comment: These are names that are largely foreign to us, as there were no kings after the Exile, until Rome appointed Herod the Great.]

   

    

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