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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles 2: The family line from Jacob to King David


[Preliminary Comment: The following chapter appears complex until we can see the structure:


v.1-2 The Twelve Sons of Israel [including Judah]

v.3-9 Judah through to Hezron [then Ram]

v.10-12 Ram's family tree [second son of Hezron] to Jesse [the covenant family]

v.13-17 Jesse's family [including David ]

v.18-24 Caleb's family tree [third son of Hezron]

v.25-41 Jerahmeel's family tree [first son of Hezron]

v.42-55 The clans of Caleb - Caleb's spreading family tree


NB. The goal of the scribe-recorder-compiler of 1 Chronicles is clearly to paint the background of King David and show his family tree that flowed all the way from Adam.]



v.1,2 The Twelve Sons of Israel (Jacob) are named


v.1  These were the sons of Israel: [and where they are covered in what follows]

Reuben [5:1-10], Simeon [4:24-43], Levi [6:1-80], Judah [2:3-4:23], Issachar [7:1-12], Zebulun,

v.2  Dan, Joseph, [seen as his sons Ephraim & Manasseh],   Benjamin, [7:6-12], Naphtali [7:13-19], Gad [5:11-17] and Asher [7:30-40]


[Comment: The Covenant family is followed from Israel [Jacob] through Judah down to King David [v.3-15]. It is worth comparing this following family tree with the family tree from Matthew's Gospel, chapter 1, which includes the following:

v.2 Abraham – Isaac – Jacob - Jacob – Judah

v.3 Judah (with Tamar) - Perez – Hezron – Ram

v.4 Ram – Amminadab – Nahshon – Salmon

v.5 Salmon (with Rahab) – Boaz (with Ruth)– Obed – Jesse

v.6 Jesse - King David.

The wonder of this covenant family tree in a male-dominated society, is the inclusion of the three women, all of whom were foreigners, each of whom clearly had God's blessing.

It is worth noting the extensive coverage of those relating back to Judah because he is the son of Israel from whom the tree running to David, Solomon etc. runs and it is his land portion that eventually takes on his name as the southern kingdom after the division following Solomon.]



v.3-9 Following Judah – [through Tamar] Perez – Hezron [and Ram]


v.3  The sons of Judah:

Er, Onan and Shelah. These three were born to him by a Canaanite woman, the daughter of Shua. Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the Lord 's sight; so the Lord put him to death.

v.4  Judah's daughter-in-law Tamar bore [i] Perez and [ii] Zerah to Judah. He had five sons in all.

v.5   [i] The sons of Perez:

Hezron and Hamul.

v.6  [ii] The sons of Zerah:

Zimri, Ethan , Heman, Kalkol and Darda – five in all.

v.7  The son of Karmi:

Achar, who brought trouble on Israel by violating the ban on taking devoted things.

v.8  The son of Ethan:


v.9  The sons born to Hezron were:

[i] Jerahmeel, [see verses 25-41], [ii] Ram [see following verses], and [iii] Caleb. [see verses 18-24.]


[Comment: The fact that Abraham had gone to great trouble to ensure his son Isaac did not marry a Canaanite [Gen 24:1-4] should have conveyed something to the ongoing family – that they were a special people, chosen by God. Moses' later frequent injunction that Israel should not mix with the Canaanites only confirmed that. Judah marrying a Canaanite woman was an act of disgrace. The murky story involving Tamar [Gen 38] who ended up being considered righteous and became mentioned in the Messiah's family tree, is a sign of the grace of God. Thus the ‘chosen family' tree goes from Judah to Perez to Hezron and later on to David – although we only see it as that retrospectively working back from David.]



v.10-12 From Ram through to Jesse [the covenant family line]


v.10   Ram was the father of

Amminadab, and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, the leader of the people of Judah.

v.11   Nahshon was the father of Salmon, Salmon the father of Boaz,

v.12  Boaz the father of Obed and Obed the father of Jesse.



v.13-17 Jesse's family [David's brothers and sisters]


v.13  Jesse was the father of

Eliab his firstborn; the second son was Abinadab, the third Shimea,

v.14  the fourth Nethanel, the fifth Raddai,

v.15  the sixth Ozem and the seventh David.

v.16  Their sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. Zeruiah's three sons were Abishai, Joab and Asahel.

v.17  Abigail was the mother of Amasa, whose father was Jether the Ishmaelite.


[Comment: Although Ram was the second son of Hezron, he is identified first as it is through him that the tree continues to David. David is identified as the seventh son of Jesse.]



v.18-24 Caleb's family tree [third son of Hezron]


v.18  Caleb son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah (and by Jerioth). These were her sons: Jesher, Shobab and Ardon.

v.19 When Azubah died, Caleb married Ephrath, who bore him Hur.

v.20 Hur was the father of Uri, and Uri the father of Bezalel.

v.21 Later, Hezron, when he was sixty years old, married the daughter of Makir the father of Gilead. He made love to her, and she bore him Segub.

v.22 Segub was the father of Jair, who controlled twenty-three towns in Gilead.

v.23 (But Geshur and Aram captured Havvoth Jair, as well as Kenath with its surrounding settlements – sixty towns.) All these were descendants of Makir the father of Gilead.

v.24 After Hezron died in Caleb Ephrathah, Abijah the wife of Hezron bore him Ashhur the father of Tekoa.



v.25-41 Jerahmeel's family tree (first son of Hezron)


v.25  The sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron:

Ram his firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem and Ahijah.

v.26  Jerahmeel had another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.

v.27  The sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel:

Maaz, Jamin and Eker.

v.28  The sons of Onam:

Shammai and Jada.

The sons of Shammai:

Nadab and Abishur.

v.29  Abishur's wife was named Abihail, who bore him Ahban and Molid.

v.30  The sons of Nadab:

Seled and Appaim. Seled died without children.

v.31  The son of Appaim:

Ishi, who was the father of Sheshan.

Sheshan was the father of Ahlai.

v.32  The sons of Jada, Shammai's brother:

Jether and Jonathan. Jether died without children.

v.33  The sons of Jonathan:

Peleth and Zaza.

These were the descendants of Jerahmeel.

v.34  Sheshan had no sons – only daughters.

He had an Egyptian servant named Jarha.

v.35  Sheshan gave his daughter in marriage to his servant Jarha, and she bore him Attai.

v.36  Attai was the father of Nathan,

Nathan the father of Zabad,

v.37  Zabad the father of Ephlal,

Ephlal the father of Obed,

v.38  Obed the father of Jehu,

Jehu the father of Azariah,

v.39  Azariah the father of Helez,

Helez the father of Eleasah,

v.40  Eleasah the father of Sismai,

Sismai the father of Shallum,

v.41  Shallum the father of Jekamiah,

and Jekamiah the father of Elishama.



v.42-55 The clans of Caleb - Caleb's spreading family tree


v.42  The sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel:

Mesha his firstborn, who was the father of Ziph, and his son Mareshah, who was the father of Hebron.

v.43  The sons of Hebron:

Korah, Tappuah, Rekem and Shema.

v.44  Shema was the father of Raham, and Raham the father of Jorkeam. Rekem was the father of Shammai.

v.45  The son of Shammai was Maon, and Maon was the father of Beth Zur.

v.46  Caleb's concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

v.47  The sons of Jahdai:

Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah and Shaaph.

v.48  Caleb's concubine Maakah was the mother of Sheber and Tirhanah.

v.49  She also gave birth to Shaaph the father of Madmannah and to Sheva the father of Makbenah and Gibea. Caleb's daughter was Aksah.

v.50  These were the descendants of Caleb.

The sons of Hur the firstborn of Ephrathah:

Shobal the father of Kiriath Jearim,

v.51  Salma the father of Bethlehem, and Hareph the father of Beth Gader.

v.52  The descendants of Shobal the father of Kiriath Jearim were:

Haroeh, half the Manahathites,

v.53  and the clans of Kiriath Jearim: the Ithrites, Puthites, Shumathites and Mishraites. From these descended the Zorathites and Eshtaolites.

v.54  The descendants of Salma:

Bethlehem, the Netophathites, Atroth Beth Joab, half the Manahathites, the Zorites,

v.55  and the clans of scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, Shimeathites and Sucathites. These are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the father of the Rekabites.


[Comment: The two other sons of Hezron, Caleb and Jerahmeel, are mentioned, we suggest, simply to provide wider context of those who became administrators in the land and also to honour Hezron.]



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