1 Chronicles 2: The family line from Jacob to King David
Comment: The following
chapter appears complex until we can see the structure:
The Twelve Sons of Israel [including Judah]
Judah through to Hezron
Ram's family tree [second son of Hezron] to
Jesse [the covenant family]
Jesse's family [including David ]
Caleb's family tree [third son of Hezron]
Jerahmeel's family tree [first son of Hezron]
The clans of Caleb - Caleb's spreading family tree
goal of the scribe-recorder-compiler of 1 Chronicles is clearly
to paint the background of King David and show his family tree
that flowed all the way from Adam.]
The Twelve Sons of Israel (Jacob) are named
were the sons of Israel: [and
where they are covered in what follows]
Levi [6:1-80], Judah
as his sons Ephraim & Manasseh],
Gad [5:11-17] and
The Covenant family
is followed from Israel [Jacob] through Judah down to King David
[v.3-15]. It is worth comparing this following family tree with
the family tree from Matthew's Gospel, chapter 1, which includes
Isaac Jacob - Jacob Judah
Judah (with Tamar) - Perez Hezron Ram
Ram Amminadab Nahshon Salmon
Salmon (with Rahab) Boaz (with Ruth) Obed Jesse
Jesse - King David.
wonder of this covenant family tree in a male-dominated society,
is the inclusion of the three women, all of whom were foreigners,
each of whom clearly had God's blessing.
is worth noting the extensive coverage of those relating back
to Judah because he is the son of Israel from whom the tree running
to David, Solomon etc. runs and it is his land portion that eventually
takes on his name as the southern kingdom after the division following
Following Judah [through Tamar] Perez Hezron [and Ram]
sons of Judah:
Onan and Shelah. These three were born to him by a Canaanite woman,
the daughter of Shua. Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the
Lord 's sight; so the Lord put him to death.
daughter-in-law Tamar bore [i] Perez
and [ii] Zerah
to Judah. He had
five sons in all.
sons of Perez:
sons of Zerah:
Ethan , Heman, Kalkol and Darda five in all.
son of Karmi:
who brought trouble on Israel by violating the ban on taking devoted
son of Ethan:
sons born to Hezron were:
verses 25-41], [ii]
following verses], and
[iii] Caleb. [see
The fact that Abraham
had gone to great trouble to ensure his son Isaac did not marry
a Canaanite [Gen 24:1-4] should have conveyed something to the
ongoing family that they were a special people, chosen by God.
Moses' later frequent injunction that Israel should not mix with
the Canaanites only confirmed that. Judah marrying a Canaanite
woman was an act of disgrace. The murky story involving Tamar
[Gen 38] who ended up being considered righteous and became mentioned
in the Messiah's family tree, is a sign of the grace of God. Thus
the chosen family' tree goes from Judah to Perez to Hezron and
later on to David although we only see it as that retrospectively
working back from David.]
From Ram through to Jesse [the
covenant family line]
Ram was the father of
and Amminadab the father of Nahshon, the leader
of the people of Judah.
Nahshon was the father of Salmon, Salmon
the father of Boaz,
father of Obed and Obed the father of Jesse.
Jesse's family [David's
brothers and sisters]
was the father of
his firstborn; the second son was Abinadab, the third Shimea,
fourth Nethanel, the fifth Raddai,
sixth Ozem and the seventh David.
sisters were Zeruiah and Abigail. Zeruiah's three sons were Abishai,
Joab and Asahel.
was the mother of Amasa, whose father was Jether the Ishmaelite.
Although Ram was
the second son of Hezron, he is identified first as it is through
him that the tree continues to David. David is identified as the
seventh son of Jesse.]
Caleb's family tree
[third son of Hezron]
son of Hezron had children by his wife Azubah (and by
Jerioth). These were her sons: Jesher, Shobab and Ardon.
Azubah died, Caleb married Ephrath, who bore him Hur.
was the father of Uri, and Uri the father of Bezalel.
Hezron, when he was sixty years old, married the daughter of Makir
the father of Gilead. He made love to her, and she bore him Segub.
was the father of Jair, who controlled twenty-three towns in Gilead.
Geshur and Aram captured Havvoth Jair, as well as Kenath with
its surrounding settlements sixty towns.) All these were
descendants of Makir the father of Gilead.
Hezron died in Caleb Ephrathah, Abijah the wife of Hezron bore
him Ashhur the father of Tekoa.
Jerahmeel's family tree (first
son of Hezron)
sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron:
firstborn, Bunah, Oren, Ozem and Ahijah.
had another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of
sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel:
Jamin and Eker.
sons of Onam:
sons of Shammai:
wife was named Abihail, who bore him Ahban and Molid.
sons of Nadab:
and Appaim. Seled died without children.
son of Appaim:
who was the father of Sheshan.
was the father of Ahlai.
sons of Jada, Shammai's brother:
and Jonathan. Jether died without children.
sons of Jonathan:
were the descendants of Jerahmeel.
had no sons only daughters.
had an Egyptian servant named Jarha.
gave his daughter in marriage to his servant Jarha, and she bore
was the father of Nathan,
the father of Zabad,
the father of Ephlal,
the father of Obed,
the father of Jehu,
the father of Azariah,
the father of Helez,
the father of Eleasah,
the father of Sismai,
the father of Shallum,
the father of Jekamiah,
Jekamiah the father of Elishama.
The clans of Caleb - Caleb's spreading family tree
sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel:
firstborn, who was the father of Ziph, and his
son Mareshah, who was the father of Hebron.
sons of Hebron:
Tappuah, Rekem and Shema.
was the father of Raham, and Raham the father of Jorkeam. Rekem
was the father of Shammai.
son of Shammai was Maon, and Maon was the father of Beth Zur.
concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza and Gazez. Haran
was the father of Gazez.
sons of Jahdai:
Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah and Shaaph.
concubine Maakah was the mother of Sheber and Tirhanah.
also gave birth to Shaaph the father of Madmannah and to Sheva
the father of Makbenah and Gibea. Caleb's daughter was Aksah.
were the descendants of Caleb.
sons of Hur the firstborn of Ephrathah:
the father of Kiriath Jearim,
the father of Bethlehem, and Hareph the father of Beth Gader.
descendants of Shobal the father of Kiriath Jearim were:
half the Manahathites,
the clans of Kiriath Jearim: the Ithrites, Puthites, Shumathites
and Mishraites. From these descended the Zorathites and Eshtaolites.
descendants of Salma:
the Netophathites, Atroth Beth Joab, half the Manahathites, the
the clans of scribes who lived at Jabez: the Tirathites, Shimeathites
and Sucathites. These are the Kenites who came from Hammath, the
father of the Rekabites.
The two other sons
of Hezron, Caleb and Jerahmeel, are mentioned, we suggest, simply
to provide wider context of those who became administrators in
the land and also to honour Hezron.]