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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles 18: David's Victories & his officials


[Introductory Notes: Although there has already been some mention of David's victories over the Philistines [ch.14], the recorder now turns in the next four chapters to matters pertaining to the army and David's victories. First we are shown some of his victories [v.1-13] and then we are given a glimpse of David's administration [v.14-17]


v.1-13: David's victories
v.14-17 David's offocials



v.1-13 David's victories


v.1,2 David's triumph over the Philistines & Moabites


v.1  In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Gath and its surrounding villages from the control of the Philistines.

v.2 David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to him and brought him tribute.


[Notes: The Philistines had been Israel's greatest antagonist in the south-west and so a further sign of David being established is defeating both them and the Moabites in the south-east.]


v.3-8 David's particular victory over Hadadezer


v.Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah, in the vicinity of Hamath, when he went to set up his monument at the River Euphrates.

v.4  David captured a thousand of his chariots, seven thousand charioteers and twenty thousand foot soldiers. He hamstrung all but a hundred of the chariot horses.

v.5  When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.

v.6  He put garrisons in the Aramean kingdom of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to him an d brought him tribute. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.

v.7  David took the gold shields carried by the officers of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem.

v.8  From Tebah and Kun, towns that belonged to Hadadezer, David took a great quantity of bronze, which Solomon used to make the bronze Sea, the pillars and various bronze articles.


[Notes: Zobah was probably in the north and David obviously took his men as far north as the Euphrates where he defeated Hadadezer who then received help from Damascus but David defeated them also.]


v.9,11 Another kings adds his support


v.9  When Tou king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,

v.10  he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and congratulate him on his victory in battle over Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold, of silver and of bronze.

v.11  King David dedicated these articles to the Lord , as he had done with the silver and gold he had taken from all these nations: Edom and Moab, the Ammonites and the Philistines, and Amalek.


[Notes: Perhaps to curry favour as he saw other northern kings being defeated by David, the king of Hamath [another northern town probably on the border with Israel] sent friendly greetings as well as items of gold and silver to David.]


v.12,13 The Edomites are overcome


v.12  Abishai son of Zeruiah [David's sister] struck down eighteen thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

v.13  He put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became subject to David. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.


[Notes: David's nephew, Abishai [see 1 Chron 2:13-16], clearly a great warrior [chief of ‘the Three' – 1 Chron 11:20] gained fame [in leading his men] to kill a large number of Edomites, strengthening David's rule even more.]


v.14-17 David's officials


v.14  David reigned over all Israel, doing what was just and right for all his people.

v.15  Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder;

v.16 Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelek son of Abiathar were priests; Shavsha was secretary;

v.17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites; and David's sons were chief officials at the king's side.


[Notes: David's nephew Joab was the army commander under David and various of David's sons were officials. Here we get a little glimpse of the organisation under David that helped make him so successful.]



Continue to Ch.19