1 Chronicles 15: The
ark successfully brought to Jerusalem
Notes: In Chapter 13 we saw David's unsuccessful attempt
to take the ark to Jerusalem. After showing us some of his good
points in chapter 14, the recorder now shows us David's second
– now successful - attempt to bring the ark into the city.]
David prepares a second time to take the ark into Jerusalem
had constructed buildings for himself in the City of David, he
prepared a place for the ark of God and pitched a tent for it.
David said, ‘No one but the Levites may carry the ark of God,
because the Lord
to carry the ark of the Lord
and to minister
before him for ever.'
assembled all Israel in Jerusalem to bring up the ark of the Lord
to the place
he had prepared for it.
The second expedition is well prepared – a tent is set
up to receive the ark in Jerusalem [there is no temple until Solomon's
reign] and David ensures it is only the Levites who will carry
the ark as the Law prescribed. He calls all the people to come
and witness its arrival.]
David calls together priests & Levites
called together the descendants of Aaron and the Levites:
the descendants of Kohath,
the leader and 120 relatives;
the descendants of Merari,
the leader and 220 relatives;
the descendants of Gershon,
the leader and 130 relatives;
the descendants of Elizaphan,
the leader and 200 relatives;
the descendants of Hebron,
the leader and 80 relatives;
the descendants of Uzziel,
the leader and 112 relatives.
The priests & Levite families are recognised.]
David instructs the leaders
David summoned Zadok and Abiathar the priests ,
and Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel and Amminadab the
said to them, ‘You are the heads of the Levitical families; you
and your fellow Levites are to consecrate yourselves and bring
up the ark of the Lord
, the God of
Israel, to the place I have prepared for it.
was because you, the Levites, did not bring it up the first time
that the Lord
our God broke
out in anger against us. We did not enquire of him about how to
do it in the prescribed way.'
David instructs the Levites, recognising it was their
absence previously that caused the upset.]
So Priests & Levites prepare & the Levites carry the ark
the priests and Levites consecrated themselves in order to bring
up the ark of the Lord
, the God of
the Levites carried the ark of God with the poles on their shoulders,
as Moses had commanded in accordance with the word of the Lord
The ark is now carried in the decreed way.]
He instructs the Musicians
told the leaders of the Levites to appoint their fellow Levites
as musicians to make a joyful sound with musical instruments:
lyres, harps and cymbals.
the Levites appointed Heman son of Joel; from his relatives, Asaph
son of Berekiah; and from their relatives the Merarites, Ethan
son of Kushaiah;
with them their relatives next in rank: Zechariah, Jaaziel, Shemiramoth,
Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Eliphelehu,
Mikneiah, Obed-Edom and Jeiel, the gatekeepers.
musicians Heman, Asaph and Ethan were to sound the bronze cymbals;
Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah and Benaiah
were to play the lyres according to alamoth,
Mattithiah, Eliphelehu, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel and Azaziah
were to play the harps, directing according to sheminith.
the head Levite was in charge of the singing; that was his responsibility
because he was skilful at it.
and Elkanah were to be doorkeepers for the ark.
Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah and Eliezer the
priests were to blow trumpets before the ark of God. Obed-Edom
and Jehiah were also to be doorkeepers for the ark.
The musicians are to play an important part in welcoming
the Lord's presence and the ark into Jerusalem.]
Thus David & the leaders bring the ark to Jerusalem
David and the elders of Israel and the commanders
of units of a thousand went to bring up the ark of the covenant
of the Lord
from the house
of Obed-Edom, with rejoicing.
God had helped the Levites who were carrying the ark of the covenant
of the Lord
, seven bulls
and seven rams were sacrificed.
David was clothed in a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites
who were carrying the ark, and as were the musicians, and Kenaniah,
who was in charge of the singing of the choirs. David also wore
a linen ephod.
all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord
with the sounding of rams' horns and trumpets, and of cymbals,
and the playing of lyres and harps.
the ark of the covenant of the Lord
the City of David, Michal daughter of Saul watched from a window.
And when she saw King David dancing and celebrating, she despised
him in her heart.
The procession proceeds in the divinely required manner,
accompanied by the leaders, the ark being carried by the Levites,
in a manner honouring to the Lord.]