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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles 14: David's Family & victory over the Philistines

 

[Introductory Notes: The previous chapter covered the distressing events surrounding David trying to move the ark to Jerusalem, but the recorder steps away from that and deals with it in the next chapter [ch.15]. For now he focuses on David's preparations to build himself a palace in Jerusalem, his family, and his triumphs over his enemy, the Philistines.

 

v.1,2 David's house plans.

v.1   Now Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs, stonemasons and carpenters to build a palace for him.

v.2  And David knew that the Lord had established him as king over Israel and that his kingdom had been highly exalted for the sake of his people Israel.

 

[Notes: The king of Tyre helps David in building a palace. The above two verses are almost duplicates of the record in 2 Sam 5:11,12. Hiram later does the same for Solomon in building the temple – 1 Kings 5. This current help reassures David.]

 

v.3-7 David's family

v.3  In Jerusalem David took more wives and became the father of more sons and daughters.

v.These are the names of the children born to him there: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon,

v.5  Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet,

v.6  Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia,

v.Elishama, Beeliada and Eliphelet.

 

[Notes: Here we are shown additional members of David's household – previously David's family recorded in 1 Chron 3.]

 

v.8-17 David defeats the Philistines

v.8  When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over all Israel, they went up in full force to search for him, but David heard about it and went out to meet them.

v.9  Now the Philistines had come and raided the Valley of Rephaim;

v.10  so David enquired of God : ‘Shall I go and attack the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hands?'

The Lord answered him, ‘Go, I will deliver them into your hands.'

v.11  So David and his men went up to Baal Perazim, and there he defeated them. He said, ‘As waters break out, God has broken out against my enemies by my hand.' So that place was called Baal Perazim.

v.12  The Philistines had abandoned their gods there, and David gave orders to burn them in the fire.

v.13  Once more the Philistines raided the valley;

v.14  so David enquired of God again, and God answered him, ‘Do not go directly after them, but circle round them and attack them in front of the poplar trees.

v.15  As soon as you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the poplar trees, move out to battle, because that will mean God has gone out in front of you to strike the Philistine army.'

v.16  So David did as God commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army, all the way from Gibeon to Gezer.

v.17  So David's fame spread throughout every land, and the Lord made all the nations fear him.

 

[Notes: The above events are also recorded in 2 Sam 5:17-25. Remembering that David had, not long beforehand, taken shelter with the Philistines, now that he is king, they obviously feel threatened by the fact that he has taken over after they had killed Saul [1 Sam 31]. The order of ensuing events is as follows:

i) The Philistines start out to attack David [v.8a] with their whole army.

ii) David hears they are coming so goes to meet them [v.8b]

iii) Hearing they are already in his land [v.9] David asks the Lord should he attack them [v.10]and the Lord says yes.

iv) In the following battle David has victory [v.11]

v) The Philistines flee leaving their idols behind and David has them destroyed [v.12]

vi) A SECOND time the Philistines come to raid David's land [v.13]

vii) AGAIN David consults the Lord who gives him specific but different instructions [v.14,15] and again David has victory [v.16]

The big issues of this chapter – that David consults the Lord – almost come as a direct contrast to the previous chapter where, because David had failed to do that, disaster had followed. The next chapter will show how David has learnt this and applies it to taking up the ark to Jerusalem.]

                

   

Continue to Ch.15