ONE: v.1-9: David becomes king over all Israel and takes
David becomes king over Israel
to David at Hebron and said, ‘We are your own flesh and blood.
the past, even while Saul was king, you were the one who led Israel
on their military campaigns. And the Lord
your God said
to you, “You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become
all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, he
made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord
, and they
anointed David king over Israel, as the Lord
Having been king over Judah for seven and a half years,
reigning from Hebron [2 Sam 1:4,11] now the northern tribes want
him to be king over them as well.]
David conquers Jerusalem
and all the Israelites marched to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus).
The Jebusites who lived there
to David, ‘You will not get in here.' Nevertheless, David captured
the fortress of Zion – which is the City of David.
had said, ‘Whoever leads the attack on the Jebusites will become
commander-in-chief.' Joab son of Zeruiah went up first, and so
he received the command.
then took up residence in the fortress, and so it was called the
City of David.
built up the city around it, from the terraces to the surrounding
wall, while Joab restored the rest of the city.
David became more and more powerful, because the Lord
Jebus [Jerusalem] had been an outpost of self-rule [even
since Joshua's day – Josh 15:63] and didn't want David to rule
over them and so [perhaps to create unity in the land] David determined
to take the fortified city. Joab led an attack up through a water
tunnel [see 2 Sam 5:8 for more detail], and became David's army
commander. Then they built up Jerusalem, what became known as
David's city [2 Sam 5:7,9, 1 Kings 2:10, 14:31,15:8, 22:50 etc.]
TWO: v.10-47: David's warriors who formed his main support
David's top mighty warriors brought strength and support to David's
were the chiefs of David's mighty warriors – they, together
with all Israel, gave his kingship strong support to extend it
over the whole land, as the Lord
had promised –
David's star warriors' exploits from the early days of David on
is the list of David's mighty warriors:
a Hakmonite, was chief of the officers; he raised his spear against
three hundred men, whom he killed in one encounter.
to him was Eleazar son of Dodai the Ahohite,
one of the three mighty warriors.
was with David at Pas Dammim when the Philistines gathered there
for battle. At a place where there was a field full of barley,
the troops fled from the Philistines.
they took their stand in the middle of the field. They defended
it and struck the Philistines down, and the Lord
a great victory.
of the thirty chiefs came down to David to the rock at the cave
of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley
that time David was in the stronghold, and the Philistine garrison
was at Bethlehem.
longed for water and said, ‘Oh, that someone would get me a drink
of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!'
the Three broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from
the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David.
But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured it out to the Lord
forbid that I should do this!' he said. ‘Should I drink the blood
of these men who went at the risk of their lives?' Because they
risked their lives to bring it back, David would not drink it.
were the exploits of the three mighty warriors.
Abishai the brother of Joab was chief of the
Three. He raised his spear against three hundred men, whom he
killed, and so he became as famous as the Three.
was doubly honoured above the Three and became their commander,
even though he was not included among them.
of Jehoiada, a valiant fighter from Kabzeel, performed great exploits.
He struck down Moab's two mightiest warriors. He also went down
into a pit on a snowy day and killed a lion.
he struck down an Egyptian who was five cubits tall. Although
the Egyptian had a spear like a weaver's rod in his hand, Benaiah
went against him with a club. He snatched the spear from the Egyptian's
hand and killed him with his own spear.
were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada; he too was as famous
as the three mighty warriors.
was held in greater honour than any of the Thirty, but he was
not included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his
First we see the nature of the exploits that made these
warriors so famous.]
The Mighty Warriors who gained fame are named
mighty warriors were:
the brother of Joab,
son of Dodo from Bethlehem,
son of Ikkesh from Tekoa,
son of Baanah the Netophathite,
son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin,
from the ravines of Gaash,
sons of Hashem the Gizonite,
son of Shagee the Hararite,
son of Sakar the Hararite,
son of Ur,
son of Ezbai,
the brother of Nathan,
son of Hagri,
the Berothite, the armour-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,
son of Ahlai,
son of Shiza the Reubenite, who was chief of the Reubenites, and
the thirty with him,
son of Maakah,
and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,
son of Shimri,
brother Joha the Tizite,
and Joshaviah the sons of Elnaam,
Obed and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.
These mighty warriors recorded for posterity in Israel's