1 Chronicles 10: The Death of Saul
Notes: With the counting of Israel complete, the recorder
moves on to the history of the kings of Israel, but beginning
with the death of the first king, Saul, which occurred at the
hands of their old enemy, the Philistines. The final two verses
sum up the cause.]
The death of Saul & his sons by the Philistines
Now the Philistines
fought against Israel; the Israelites fled before them, and many
fell dead on Mount Gilboa.
Philistines were in hot pursuit of Saul and his sons, and they
killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab and Malki-Shua.
fighting grew fierce around Saul, and when the archers overtook
him, they wounded him.
said to his armour-bearer, ‘Draw your sword and run me through,
or these uncircumcised fellows will come and abuse me.'
his armour-bearer was terrified and would not do it; so Saul took
his own sword and fell on it.
the armour-bearer saw that Saul was dead, he too fell on his sword
Saul and his three sons died, and all his house died together.
Israel retreat before the Philistines and Jonathan and
the other sons of Saul are killed in the rout. Saul is struck
by the enemy archers but rather than allow himself to be taken
alive by the enemy, who would no doubt taunt and torture him,
Saul instructs his armour-bearer to kill him, but he refuses to
raise a hand against him, so Saul kills himself.]
The Triumphant Philistines take Saul's body
all the Israelites in the valley saw that the army had fled and
that Saul and his sons had died, they abandoned their towns and
fled. And the Philistines came and occupied them.
next day, when the Philistines came to strip the dead, they found
Saul and his sons fallen on Mount Gilboa.
stripped him and took his head and his armour, and sent messengers
throughout the land of the Philistines to proclaim the news among
their idols and their people.
put his armour in the temple of their gods and hung up his head
in the temple of Dagon.
The Israelites flee before the Philistines and the enemy,
plundering the dead bodies on the battle field, come across the
dead Saul and stripped him and took his body and put the head
in their temple.]
Some Israelites recover Saul's body and bury it
all the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines
had done to Saul,
their valiant men went and took the bodies of Saul and his sons
and brought them to Jabesh. Then they buried their bones under
the great tree in Jabesh, and they fasted seven days.
A group of the Israelites hear what has happened and
recover the bodies of Saul and his sons and bury them.]
The final assessment of Saul
died because he was unfaithful to the Lord
he did not keep the word of the Lord
and even consulted a medium for guidance,
did not enquire of the Lord
So the Lord
put him to death
and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.
The recorders are unflinching in their assessment of
Saul's death and the fourfold reasons behind it.]