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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles

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FRAMEWORKS: 1 Chronicles 1: The family line from Adam to Jacob (& Esau)


[Preliminary Comment: The opening chapters of 1 Chronicles are lists of names. Some of them we encounter elsewhere in the Bible, many of them we never come across again, but they tell us two things: first the Israelites kept records, second, appearing in the canon of Scripture they tell us that these people were important to God. We may not know them, and consider they have no relevance to our lives today, but He did know them – as He knows us and watches over us. They are part of ‘His Story' the factual history of the Jews, the people of Israel. This first chapter takes us through the family trees from Adam and Eve to Israel (Jacob) just the first stage of the records of early Israel.]


Part 1: v.1-4 From Adam to Noah's sons
Part 2: v.5-27 The families of Noah's sons


PART ONE: v.1-4 From Adam to Noah's sons


v.1  Adam, Seth, Enosh,

v.2  Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared,

v.3  Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah.

v.4  The sons of Noah:

Shem, Ham and Japheth.


[Comment: The history – this part of the family tree runs from Adam, through his son, Seth, the next son after Cain (who was banished in disgrace) and Abel (who was murdered by Cain) Gen 4. It then runs through the family tree down to Noah and his three sons. Their three families are covered in the next three lists.]



PART TWO: v.5-27 The families of Noah's sons


v.5-7 [i] The Japhethites

v.5  The sons of Japheth:

Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshek and Tiras.

v.6  The sons of Gomer:

Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.

v.7  The sons of Javan:

Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.


v.8-16 [ii] The Hamites

v.8  The sons of Ham:

Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan.

v.9  The sons of Cush:

Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah and Sabteka.

The sons of Raamah:

Sheba and Dedan.

v.10  Cush was the father of

Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on earth.

v.11  Egypt was the father of

the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,

v.12  Pathrusites, Kasluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.

v.13  Canaan was the father of

Sidon his firstborn, and of the Hittites,

v.14  Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,

v.15  Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,

v.16  Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.


v.17-27 [iii] The Semites (the main family line followed to Abram)

v.17  The sons of Shem:

Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.

The sons of Aram:

Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshek.

v.18  Arphaxad was the father of Shelah,

and Shelah the father of Eber.

v.19  Two sons were born to Eber:

one was named Peleg, because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.

v.20  Joktan was the father of

Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,

v.21  Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,

v.22  Obal, Abimael, Sheba,

v.23  Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.

v.24  Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,

v.25  Eber, Peleg, Reu,

v.26  Serug, Nahor, Terah

v.27  and Abram (that is, Abraham).


[Comment: Note the order of those three families are reversed in order because the recorder wants to conclude with Shem whose following family tree is the one that God uses to bring Abram to our attention. The more you get to know your Bible, the more you might want to go back through these three lists and see what you know of a number of the names mentioned.]


v.28 The family of Abraham

v.28  The sons of Abraham:

Isaac and Ishmael.


[Comment: Note Isaac & Ishmael are only two sons of Abraham named although his wife Keturah [see below] bore him six sons. Isaac is mentioned as the child of promise and Ishmael is honoured in this listing because God had said to Hagar that He would bless this son of hers, no doubt because he was born to Abraham who God was honouring.]


v.29-31 Descendants of Hagar [Abraham's Servant] [see Gen 25:12-18]

v.29  These were their descendants:

Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,

v.30  Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema,

v.31  Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. These were the sons of Ishmael.


[Comment: These are the sons of Ishmael, son of Hagar, who God had promised to Abraham [Gen 21:12,13] would become a big nation [the Arabs] and reiterated it to Hagar [Gen 21:18] who God honoured because Abram mistakenly used her to fulfil what he thought was God's will.]


v.32,33 Descendants of Keturah [Abraham's concubine] [see Gen 25:1-6]

v.32  The sons born to Keturah, Abraham's concubine:

Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.

The sons of Jokshan:

Sheba and Dedan.

v.33  The sons of Midian:

Ephah, Epher, Hanok, Abida and Eldaah.

All these were descendants of Keturah.


[Comment: Although excluded from v.28 these sons are nevertheless honoured with a mention here just because they were born to Abraham who God is honouring.]


v.34 Descendants of Sarah [Abraham's wife]

v.34  Abraham was the father of Isaac.

The sons of Isaac: Esau and Israel.


[Comment: Finally, Sarah's two grandchildren by Isaac, her only son, are mentioned – Esau & Jacob [renamed Israel – Gen 32:28]– and so for the same reasoning as above, Esau's family line is mentioned to honour Abraham and the family tree, even though Esau disdained his birthright and was rejected by God over Jacob. Jacob's family, the covenant family of God, is covered in chapter 2.

The following verses [v.35-37] cover Esau's three sons and their families. Edom [v.38] is the land of Esau, Esau being the father of the Edomites [i.e. the Edomites are descended from Esau] in the land of Seir [Gen 36:9]. Seir [v.38] is named as a Horite [Gen 36:20] and it is thought that the Horites co-existed and inter-married with Esau's family and thus they are honoured with a mention here in verses 38-42 while verses 43-54 show how the administration of these peoples developed, before Saul reigned in Israel [v.43] even as the Lord had said to Abraham and Hagar – see above.].


v.35-37 [i] Esau's sons

v.35  The sons of Esau:

Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

v.36  The sons of Eliphaz:

Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam and Kenaz;

by Timna: Amalek.

v.37   The sons of Reuel:

Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah.


The people of Seir in Edom

v.38  The sons of Seir:

Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer and Dishan.

v.39  The sons of Lotan:

Hori and Homam. Timna was Lotan's sister.

v.40  The sons of Shobal:

Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho and Onam.

The sons of Zibeon:

Aiah and Anah.

v.41  The son of Anah:


The sons of Dishon:

Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran and Keran.

v.42  The sons of Ezer:

Bilhan, Zaavan and Akan.

The sons of Dishan:

Uz and Aran.


The rulers of Edom

v.43  These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reigned:

Bela son of Beor, whose city was named Dinhabah.

v.44  When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king.

v.45  When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites succeeded him as king.

v.46  When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, succeeded him as king. His city was named Avith.

v.47  When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him as king.

v.48  When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the river succeeded him as king.

v.49  When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Akbor succeeded him as king.

v.50  When Baal-Hanan died, Hadad succeeded him as king. His city was named Pau, and his wife's name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

v.51  Hadad also died.

The chiefs of Edom were:

Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,

v.52  Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon,

v.53  Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,

v.54  Magdiel and Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom.



Continue to Ch.2